weeds and their botanical names

weeds and their botanical names. Emilia –Sida acuta. Giant star grass– Emilia sonchifolia. Stubborn grass– Cynodon nlemfuensis. Sensitive plant– Sporobolus pyramidalis. Bur weed –Mimosa pudica. Agrimony Agrimonia eupatoria

 

1 Guinea grass– Panicumm maximum 2 Elephant grass –Pennisetum purpureun
3 Tridax –Tridax prociimbem
4 Carpet grass– Axonopus compressus

5 Goose grass –Africana Cynodon dactylon
6 Siam weed –Eluesine indica

 

, weeds can suppress the growth of crops on the farm thereby reducing their development and yield. before you rush in to read, please check out the following weeds and their botanical names

 

 LIST OF WEEDS AND THEIR BOTANICAL NAMES

botanical names of Nigerian weeds and their pictures; weeds and their botanical names. all over the whole world, there are specific names of weeds or grasses that are unique to that locality.

so here in Nigeria, there are some specific species of weeds that are unique to them alone. for the purpose of agriculture and scientific studies, i am going to list some weeds and their botanical names here

 

Wild potato or morning glory–Striga senegalensis

Broom weed– Ipomea spp  abaxial
Emilia –Sida acuta
 
 
 
Giant star grass– Emilia sonchifolia
Stubborn grass– Cynodon nlemfuensis
Sensitive plant– Sporobolus pyramidalis
Bur weed –Mimosa pudica

Agrimony Agrimonia eupatoria

 

1 Guinea grass– Panicumm maximum 2 Elephant grass –Pennisetum purpureun
3 Tridax –Tridax prociimbem
4 Carpet grass– Axonopus compressus

5 Goose grass –Africana Cynodon dactylon
6 Siam weed –Eluesine indica

 

7 African or bush marigold –Chromoleana odorata
8 Pig weed –Aspilia Africana
9 Goat weed or blue top– Boerhavia diffusa

Ageratum conyzoides

 

11 Soft weed– Talinum triagulare
12 Wild green– Erogratis tenella

13. Stubborn grass –sida acuta
14. Igbologi/water leaf

botanical names of weeds, please scroll down for more

 

New Zealand flax. weed

names of weeds that can be found in the United States of America

Agrimony Agrimonia pilosa:

Agrimony Agrimonia viscidula:

Aji Colorado Chile Capsicum pendulum

Aji Habanero Chile Capsicum baccatum

 

Ajo lily Hesperocallis undulata

Ajowan Carum copticum

Ajowan Trachyspermum ammi

 

Ajwan Carum copti

Alaska Oniongrass Melica subulata

Alaska willow Salix alaxensis

Alaskan blueberry Vaccinium alaskaense

Alaskan mountain-heather Cassiope stelleriana

Alba Semiplena Rose Rosa x alba

 

Albany Beech Drops Pterospora Andromeda  weed, control mthods

Alexanders Smyrnium olusatrum

Alfalfa Medicago sativa

Alkanet Anchusa    

 

IDENTIFICATION OF WEEDS

Alkanet Anchusa tinctoria

Alkanet Pentaglottis sempervirens

Alligator Juniper Juniperus pachyphloea

All-seed Radiola linoides

Allspice Pimenta dioica

Allspice Pimenta officinalis

Allspice Pimenta officinalis:

 

Allwood’s Dianthus Dianthus x allwoodii

Weeds compete with crops for water, light, and mineral nutrients
 
CHARACTERISTICS OF WEED
Those with broad leaves over-shadow the crops from direct light intensity and in turn reduces photosynthesis. They utilize nutrients and water in the soil thereby preventing the crops from getting nutrients

 

 Because of their ability weed to grow fast, weeds can suppress growth of crops on the farm thereby reducing their development and yield. weeds compete with crops for the few available soil nutrient
 
weeds can be any plant or sometimes can be crops as long as they are growing where they are not wanted , they are called weeds. some weeds are very medicinal as used in the African traditional medicines. 
 
you can learn about fish production here fish farming and management

 

Weeds

 

botanical names of weeds
WEED DISPERSAL METHODS
Some common garden weeds

 

botanical names of African weed

1 Guinea grass– Panicumm maximum 2 Elephant grass –Pennisetum purpureun
3 Tridax –Tridax prociimbem
4 Carpet grass– Axonopus compressus

5 Goose grass –Africana Cynodon dactylon
6 Siam weed –Eluesine indica

 

7 African or bush marigold –Chromoleana odorata
8 Pig weed –Aspilia Africana
9 Goat weed or blue top– Boerhavia diffusa

Ageratum conyzoides

11 Soft weed– Talinum triagulare
12 Wild green– Erogratis tenella

13. Stubborn grass –cida acuta
14. Igbologi/water leaf

 

15. “Ichtei” 16. Dolukegu 17. Ebeleogu 18. Okpalieziza-Ike

 

Weed control measures and botanical names of weeds  

There are several methods used in weed control. They can BE classified into:
(a) Mechanical or physical method of weed control.


(b) Cultural method.
(c) Biological method of weed control.
(d) Chemical method of weed control.

(a) Mechanical or physical method of weed control

 

(i) Hand pulling: 1 This is the pulling of weeds by hand in the farm. Though it is efficient, but only useful in small gardens and not large farms WEEDS CONTROL METHODS

(ii) Hoeing: The short or small hoe is very useful in weeding. It is used to cut the weed below the crown of the plant which gives, complete destruction of the shoot system. It is effective in the control of weeds either in pasture, home garden or row crops.

Hoe can be used to weed from the furrow to the top of a ridge. Its use is however on a limited and it requires plenty of labour.

BOTANICAL NAMES OF SOME AFRICAN WEEDS

IDENTIFICATION OF WEEDS, weeds and their botanical names
PUERO—————————————-Pueraria phaseoloides

RUBBER WEED—————————–Mimosa pudica

RHODES GRASS—————————–Chloris guyana

SOUTHERN GAMBA GRASS——Andropogon tectorum

SUNHEMP———-Crotelaria juncea

 

SPEAR GRASS———Imperata cylindrica
IDENTIFICATION OF WEEDS LISTS OF WEED

SENSITIVE PLANT——-Mimosa pudica

SEDGE PLANT———Cyperus rotundatus

SIAM WEED———-Chromolina oohum

STUBBORN GRASS——Sida acuta

GREEN-TETE-WITH THORNS———Amaranthus spinos

 

you can read about the use of herbicide and its application here

Weed control measuresThere are several methods used in weed control. They can BE classified into:
(a) Mechanical or physical method of weed control.
(b) Cultural method.
(c) Biological method of weed control.
(d) Chemical method of weed control.

 

(a) Mechanical or physical method of weed control

(ii) Hoeing: The short or small hoe is very useful in weeding. It is used to cut the weed below the crown of the plant which gives, complete destruction of the shoot system.

It is effective in the control of weeds either in the pasture, home garden or row crops. Hoe can be used to weed from the furrow to the top of a ridge. Its use is however on limited and it requires plenty of labour.

Please share if you find our article good Important topics related to the above article. Recognizing living thing

(vii) Cultural method: This involves the use of cultural practices of crop production to reduce the growth of weeds on the farm. Such cultural practices include
YOU CAN READ DETAILS OF CULTURAL PRACTICES HERE

 

i. Burning of farmland: This kills weed parts, seeds and fruits both in the soil and on the surface.
ii. Tillage: Tillage helps to expose weed parts to destruction by sun or herbicides. They can also be hand-picked and destroyed.

iii. Early planting: This ensures that crops are well established before the weed starts growing. also read germination of seed

 

iv. Good spacing: Proper spacing of crops helps in the reduction of weeds along the crop rows. It also makes it easy for weeding to do.


v. Mixed cropping: Planting or two or more crops, together with oil in the same farmland can help to reduce the intensity of weeds on the farm. read more on mixed farming  method here
(c) Biological method

This involves the use of living plants and animals to control weeds. They include:
(i) Use of suppressive plants: Crops that grow fast and large too can be used to overshadow weeds thereby reducing their growth, Also, cover crops such as melon and legumes like groundnut can be used to control weeds on the farm.

(ii) Use of insects: This involves the use of identified insect pests, and weeds in controlling weeds on the farm. Insects which have been found to feed on a particular weed can be multiplied and introduced to the area to feed and destroy such weed species. 

(iii) Pasturing: This involves the grazing of farm animals on weeds usually in plantations such as rubber and oil palm. Animals like cattle, sheep or goats are commonly used in this method.

(d) Chemical method
This is the method that is used on a large scale. It makes use of chemicals in the control of weeds. These chemicals are known as herbicides. They are sprayed either on the leaves of weeds or applied to the soil. They are classified into:

(i) Selective herbicides: These are chemicals that can kill certain groups or species of plants.

An example is 2 botanical names of weeds (Dichlorophen-oxyacetic acid). -They can be used in cereals, sugar cane and soya beans farms to reduce weeds.

IDENTIFICATION OF WEEDS Weeds and their botanical names

read about types of farming systems

1. Blue feather–Commelina nudiflora

2. BAHAMA GRA

BUR WEED——-Triumfetta rhumboideaSS

CALAPO——–Calapagonium mucunoides

CARPET GRASS—–Axonopus compressors

find my article on how to identify a weed here

read about piercing and sucking insects

scientific names of weed

CELOCIA——Celosia rotundus

CENTRO——-Centrocema pubescens

DESMODIUM—-Desmodium Spp

DODDER——–Cascuta Americana

ELEPHANT GRASS——Pennisetum purpurium  

EMILLIA——Emillia sognifochia

IDENTIFICATION OF WEEDS

 

FOXTAIL GRASS—-Setaria barbata

GOAT WEED——Ageretum conyzoides READ MORE ABOUT THE USES OF GOAT WEED HERE

GUINEA GRASS—-Panacum maximum

GIANT STAR GRASS—–Cynodon plectostachyus

GUATEMALA GRASS——Tripsaum laxum

GRAGOSTIC GRASS—-Gragrostic aspera

 


IDENTIFICATION OF WEEDS
LEMON GRASS—Cymbopogon citratus
IDENTIFICATION OF WEEDS
MILK WEED——-Euophorbia hirta

MISLETOE——LORANTHUS PENTAGONA

MONEY WEED——–accanthospernum hispidum

NORTHERN GAMBA GRASS–Andropogon gayanus

GLORIOSA PLANT——Gloriosa superba

PARA GRASS———Pernicum barbinode

PANGOLA GRASS -Digitaria decumbens

 

PIG WEED————-Boerhavia diffusa
rabbit-weed RABBIT WEED——– Gutierrezia

WEST AFRICA WEEDS AND BOTANICAL NAMES

Flixweed Sisymbrium sofia

floating marsh marigold Caltha natans

Floating Mud-rush Scirpus

Floating Sweetgrass Glyceria fluitans

Florence Fennel Foeniculum vulgare var. azoricum

Florence Fennel Foeniculum vulgare var. dulce

Florentine Iris Iris x germanica var. florentina

 

 botanical names of weeds

Flossflower Ageratum conyzoides

Flower of An Hour Hibiscus trionum

weeds and their botanical names

IDENTIFICATION OF WEEDS

 

Flowering Maple Abutilon grandifolium

Flowering Maple Abutilon hybr.

Flowering Rush Butomus umbellatus

Flowery Senna Cassia corymbosa

Fool’s Parsley Aethusa cynapium

Forget-me-not Myosotis

 

Forget-me-not Myosotis scorpioides

Formosa Lily Lilium formosanum

Formosa sweet gum Liquidambar acerifolia:

Formosa sweet gum Liquidambar formosana

Formosa sweet gum Liquidambar maximowiczii:

Fountain Grass Pennisetum alopecoroides

Fountain Grass Pennisetum setaceum

 

Fountains Lobelia Lobelia erinus

four-leaved mare’s tail Hippuris tetraphylla

IDENTIFICATION OF WEED
Fox Sedge Carex vulpinoidea

for other sources of the types of weeds read here

botanical names of weeds

IDENTIFICATION OF WEEDS
PUERO—————————————-Pueraria phaseoloides

RUBBER WEED—————————–Mimosa pudica

RHODES GRASS—————————–Chloris Guyana

 

SOUTHERN GAMBA GRASS—————Andropogon tectorum

SUNHEMP————————————-Crotelaria junc-Imperata cylindrica

STYLO————–Stylosanthes gracilis

SENSITIVE PLANT—-Mimosa pudica

SEDGE PLANT——–Cyperus rotundatus

SIAM WEED—-Chromolina oohum

STUBBORN GRASS—–Sida acuta

GREEN-TETE-WITH THORNS——-Amaranthus spinosis

 


Adriatic bellflower Campanula elatines
Adzuki Bean Phaseolus angularis
African Ammoniacum Ferula communis
African Bdellium Balsamodendron africanum
African Bdellium Ceradia furcata
African Blackwood Peltophorum africanum
African Cedar Cedrus atlantica
African Cucumber

lists of African weeds in details

Cucumis metuliferus
African Daisy Arctotis breviscapa
African Daisy Arctotis hybrida
African Daisy Arctotis venusta
African Daisy Dimorphotheca barberiae

 

botanical names of weeds
African Daisy Dimorphotheca ecklonis

African Kino Pterocarpus erinaceus

African Lily Agapanthus africanus

African Marigold Tagetes erecta

African Valerian Fedia cornucopiae

African Valerian Valeriana cornucopia

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African Valerian Valeriana cornucopiae:

African violet Saintpaulia ionantha

African wormwood Artemisia afra

Agar-agar Gelidium amansii

weeds and their botanical names

 

  1. BALANCED DIETS
    141. LACTATION DIETS
    142. MALNUTRITION
  2. RINDER PESTS

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weeds and their botanical names known as scientific names as known in so many fields of study can also be called garden weeds.

garden weed is just another name for weed. a weed is a plant or crop growing where it is not wanted.

the general importance of weeds

this post contains lists of all Nigerian weeds, including the African species. some of the names of weed listed here may sound different from the same way your country identified them–=== botanical names of weeds please scroll up for more.

there are different types of weed and their importance. so many types of weed are used for drug production and herbal remedies.

in Africa, no weed is useless. there is natural weeds used for the treatment of eczema, scabies and scaly skin.

used for drug production and herbal re

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