weeds and their botanical names

weeds and their botanical names  known as scientific name. In this post you will learn the botanical names of weeds, which also include their scientific names. general characteristics of weeds weeds are defined as an unwanted plant or crop growing in a place where it is not needed and Because of the ability weed to grow fast, weeds can suppress growth of crops on the farm thereby reducing their development and yield. before you rush in to read, please check out the following weeds and their botanical names

WEEDS AND THEIR BOTANICAL NAMES

botanical names of Nigerian weeds and their pictures; weeds and their botanical names

Wild potato or morning glory–Striga senegalensis

Broom weed– Ipomea spp
Emilia –Sida acuta
 
Giant star grass– Emilia sonchifolia
Stubborn grass– Cynodon nlemfuensis
Sensitive plant– Sporobolus pyramidalis
Bur weed –Mimosa pudica

Agrimony Agrimonia eupatoria

New Zealand flax. weed

Agrimony Agrimonia pilosa:

Agrimony Agrimonia viscidula:

Aji Colorado Chile Capsicum pendulum

Aji Habanero Chile Capsicum baccatum

Ajo lily Hesperocallis undulata

Ajowan Carum copticum

Ajowan Trachyspermum ammi

Ajwan Carum copti

Alaska Oniongrass Melica subulata

Alaska willow Salix alaxensis

Alaskan blueberry Vaccinium alaskaense

Alaskan mountain-heather Cassiope stelleriana

Alba Semiplena Rose Rosa x alba

Albany Beech Drops Pterospora andromeda  weed, control mthods

Alexanders Smyrnium olusatrum

Alfalfa Medicago sativa

Alkanet Anchusa

IDENTIFICATION OF WEEDS

Alkanet Anchusa tinctoria

Alkanet Pentaglottis sempervirens

Alligator Juniper Juniperus pachyphloea

All-seed Radiola linoides

Allspice Pimenta dioica

Allspice Pimenta officinalis

Allspice Pimenta officinalis:

Allwood’s Dianthus Dianthus x allwoodii

 
Weeds compete with crops for water, light, and mineral nutrients

CHARACTERISTICS OF WEED

Those with broad leaves over-shadow the crops from direct light intensity and in turn reduces photosynthesis. They utilize nutrients and water in the soil thereby preventing

water leaf weed

the crops from getting nutrients
 Because of their ability weed to grow fast, weeds can suppress growth of crops on the farm thereby reducing their development and yield.
 
you can learn about fish production here fish farming and management

 

IDENTIFICATION OF WEEDS
WEED DISPERSAL METHODS
Some common garden weeds

botanical names of African weed

1 Guinea grass– Panicumm maximum 2 Elephant grass –Pennisetum purpureun
3 Tridax –Tridax prociimbem
4 Carpet grass– Axonopus compressus

5 Goose grass –Africana Cynodon dactylon
6 Siam weed –Eluesine indica

7 African or bush marigold –Chromoleana odorata
8 Pig weed –Aspilia Africana
9 Goat weed or blue top– Boerhavia diffusa

Ageratum conyzoides

11 Soft weed– Talinum triagulare
12 Wild green– Erogratis tenella

13. Stubborn grass –cida acuta
14. Igbologi/water leaf

 

weeds and their botanical names
Nigerian water leaf

15. “Ichtei” 16. Dolukegu 17. Ebeleogu 18. Okpalieziza-Ike

BOTANICAL NAMES OF WEEDS IN NIGERIA

13 Tropical kudzu Amaranthus spinosus

14 Centro– Calapogonium mucunoides
15 Blue flower or water grass –Centrosema pubescens
16. Spear grass –Imperata cylindrical
 
17 Striga — Commelina spp
 
18 Wild potato or morning glory– Striga senegalensis
 
19 Broom weed –Ipomea spp
20 Emilia–Sida acuta
21 Giant star grass –Emilia sonchifolia
22 Stubborn grass –Cynodon nlemfuensis
23 Sensitive plant –Sporobolus pyramidalis
 
24 Bur weed –Mimosa pudica
25 Acanthospermum hisidum

cida acuta weed

READ THE FULL LISTS OF WEEDS– weeds and their botanical names

1. Blue feather——————————–Commelina nudiflora

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2. BAHAMA GRASS—————–Cynodon dactylon

BUR WEED—————————–Triumfetta rhumboidea

CALAPO———————————Calapagonium mucunoides

CARPET GRASS———————-Axonopus compressors
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here

names of Nigerian weeds and their botanical name

CELOCIA——————————–Celosia rotundus

CENTRO———————————–Centrocema pubescens

DESMODIUM—————————–Desmodium Spp

DODDER———————————-Cascuta americana

ELEPHANT GRASS———————-Pennisetum purpurium
CLASSIFICATION OF CROPS
EMILLIA———————————–Emillia sognifochia

FOXTAIL GRASS————————–Setaria barbata

GOAT WEED———————————–Ageretum conyzoides

GUINEA GRASS—————————-Panacum maximum

GIANT STAR GRASS=============Cynodon plectostachyus

GUATEMALA GRASS————————Tripsaum laxum
100 scientific names of weeds

GRAGOSTIC GRASS————————Gragrostic aspera

LEMON GRASS—————————Cymbopogon citratus

weeds and their botanical names pollination in plant, weed

MILK WEED——————————–Euophorbia hirta

MISLETOE————————————–LORANTHUS PENTAGON

MONEY WEED——————————–accanthospernum hispidum

NORTHERN GAMBA GRASS——————-Andropogon gayanus

GLORIOSA PLANT————————-Gloriosa superba

PARA GRASS——————————–Pernicum barbinode

PANGOLA GRASS—————————Digitaria decumbens

PIG WEED———————————–Boerhavia diffusa

Weed control measures

There are several methods used in weed control. They can BE classified into:
(a) Mechanical or physical method of weed control.
(b) Cultural method.
(c) Biological method of weed control.
(d) Chemical method of weed control.
(a) Mechanical or physical method of weed control

(i) Hand pulling: 1 This is the pulling of weeds by hand in the farm. Though it is efficient, but only useful in small gardens and not large farms WEEDS CONTROL METHODS (ii) Hoeing: The short or small hoe is very useful in weeding. It is used to cut the weed below the crown of the plant which gives, complete destruction of the shoot system. It is effective in the control of weeds either in pasture, home garden or row crops.

Hoe can be used to weed from the furrow to the top of a ridge. Its use is however on a limited and it requires plenty of labour.

BOTANICAL NAMES OF SOME AFRICAN WEEDS

IDENTIFICATION OF WEEDS weeds and their botanical names
PUERO—————————————-Pueraria phaseoloides

RUBBER WEED—————————–Mimosa pudica

RHODES GRASS—————————–Chloris guyana

SOUTHERN GAMBA GRASS——Andropogon tectorum

SUNHEMP———-Crotelaria juncea

SPEAR GRASS———Imperata cylindrica
IDENTIFICATION OF WEEDS LISTS OF WEED

SENSITIVE PLANT——-Mimosa pudica

SEDGE PLANT———Cyperus rotundatus

SIAM WEED———-Chromolina oohum

STUBBORN GRASS——Sida acuta

GREEN-TETE-WITH THORNS———Amaranthus spinos

you can read about the use of herbicide and its application here

Weed control measuresThere are several methods used in weed control. They can BE classified into:
(a) Mechanical or physical method of weed control.
(b) Cultural method.
(c) Biological method of weed control.
(d) Chemical method of weed control.

(a) Mechanical or physical method of weed control

(ii) Hoeing: The short or small hoe is very useful in weeding. It is used to cut the weed below the crown of the plant which gives, complete destruction of the shoot system. It is effective in the control of weeds either in pasture, home garden or row crops. Hoe can be used to weed from the furrow to the top of a ridge. Its use is however on a limited and it requires plenty of labour.

Please share if you find our article good Important topics related to the above article. Recognizing living thing

(vii) Culural method: This involves the use of cultural practices of crop production to reduce the growth of weeds on the farm. Such cultural practices include
YOU CAN READ DETAILS OF CULTURAL PRACTICES HERE
i. Burning of farmland: This kills weed parts, seeds and fruits both in the soil and on the surface.
ii. Tillage: Tillage helps to expose weed parts for destruction by sun or herbicides. They can also be hand picked and destroyed.

iii. Early planting: This ensures that crops are well established before the weeds start growing. also read germination of seed
iv. Good spacing: Proper spacing of crops helps in the reduction of weeds along the crop rows. It also makes it easy for weeding to he done.
v. Mixed cropping: Planting or two or more crops, together oil the same farmland can help to reduce the intensity of weeds on the farm. read more on mixed farming  method here
(c) Biological method

This involves the use of living plants and animals to control weeds. They include:
(i) Use of suppressive plants: Crops that grow fast and large too can be used to overshadow weeds thereby reducing their growth, Also, cover crops such as melon and legumes like groundnut can be used to control weeds on the farm.

(ii) Use of insects: This involves the use of identified insect pests weeds in controlling weeds on the farm. Insects which have been found to feed on a particular weed can be multiplied and introduced to the area to feed and destroy such weed species.

(iii) Pasturing: This involves the grazing of farm animals on weeds usually in plantations such as rubber and oil palm. Animals like i cattle, sheep or goat are commonly used in this method.

(d) Chemical method
This is the method that is used on a large scale. It makes use of chemicals in the control of weeds. These chemicals are known as herbicides. They are sprayed either on the leaves of weeds or applied to the soil. They are classified into:

(i) Selective herbicides: These are chemicals that can kill certain groups or species of plants.

Example is 2, 4 -D (Dichlorophen-oxyacetic acid). -They can be used in cereals, sugar cane and soya beans farms to reduce weeds.

IDENTIFICATION OF WEEDS weeds and their botanical names

read about types farming systems

1. Blue feather–Commelina nudiflora

2. BAHAMA GRA

BUR WEED——-Triumfetta rhumboideaSS

CALAPO——–Calapagonium mucunoides

CARPET GRASS—–Axonopus compressors

find my article on how to identify a weed here

read about piercing and sucking insects

scientific names of weed

CELOCIA——Celosia rotundus

CENTRO——-Centrocema pubescens

DESMODIUM—-Desmodium Spp

DODDER——–Cascuta americana

ELEPHANT GRASS——Pennisetum purpurium   plant nutrient for growth

EMILLIA——Emillia sognifochia

IDENTIFICATION OF WEEDS

FOXTAIL GRASS—-Setaria barbata

GOAT WEED——Ageretum conyzoides READ MORE ABOUT THE USES OF GOAT WEED HERE

GUINEA GRASS—-Panacum maximum

GIANT STAR GRASS—–Cynodon plectostachyus

GUATEMALA GRASS——Tripsaum laxum

GRAGOSTIC GRASS—-Gragrostic aspera
IDENTIFICATION OF WEEDS
LEMON GRASS—Cymbopogon citratus
IDENTIFICATION OF WEEDS
MILK WEED——-Euophorbia hirta

MISLETOE——LORANTHUS PENTAGONA

MONEY WEED——–accanthospernum hispidum

NORTHERN GAMBA GRASS–Andropogon gayanus

GLORIOSA PLANT——Gloriosa superba

PARA GRASS———Pernicum barbinode

PANGOLA GRASS -Digitaria decumbens

PIG WEED————-Boerhavia diffusa
rabbit-weed RABBIT WEED——– Gutierrezia

WEST AFRICA WEEDS AND BOTANICAL NAMES

Flixweed Sisymbrium sofia

floating marsh marigold Caltha natans

Floating Mud-rush Scirpus

Floating Sweetgrass Glyceria fluitans

Florence Fennel Foeniculum vulgare var. azoricum

Florence Fennel Foeniculum vulgare var. dulce

Florentine Iris Iris x germanica var. florentina

Floss Flower Ageratum houstonianum

Flossflower Ageratum conyzoides

Flower of An Hour Hibiscus trionum

weeds and their botanical names

IDENTIFICATION OF WEEDS
Flowering Maple Abutilon grandifolium

Flowering Maple Abutilon hybr.

Flowering Rush Butomus umbellatus

Flowery Senna Cassia corymbosa

Fool’s Parsley Aethusa cynapium

Forget-me-not Myosotis

Forget-me-not Myosotis scorpioides

Formosa Lily Lilium formosanum

Formosa sweet gum Liquidambar acerifolia:

Formosa sweet gum Liquidambar formosana

Formosa sweet gum Liquidambar maximowiczii:

Fountain Grass Pennisetum alopecoroides

Fountain Grass Pennisetum setaceum

Fountains Lobelia Lobelia erinus

four-leaved mare’s tail Hippuris tetraphylla

IDENTIFICATION OF WEEDS
Fox Sedge Carex vulpinoidea

for other sources of the types of weeds read here

IDENTIFICATION OF WEEDS
PUERO—————————————-Pueraria phaseoloides

RUBBER WEED—————————–Mimosa pudica

RHODES GRASS—————————–Chloris guyana

SOUTHERN GAMBA GRASS—————Andropogon tectorum

SUNHEMP————————————-Crotelaria junc-Imperata cylindrica

STYLO————–Stylosanthes gracilis

SENSITIVE PLANT—-Mimosa pudica

SEDGE PLANT——–Cyperus rotundatus

SIAM WEED—-Chromolina oohum

STUBBORN GRASS—–Sida acuta

GREEN-TETE-WITH THORNS——-Amaranthus spinosis

Abscess Root Polemonium reptans
Acanthus-leaved Thistle Carlina acanthifolia
Accocha Cyclanthera pedata
Aconite Aconitum
Aconite Aconitum columbianum
Aconite Aconitum fischeri
Acroclinium Helipterum roseum
Adam’s Needle Yucca filamentosa
Adder’s Tongue Erythronium americanum
Adder’s Tongue Erythronium tuolumnense
Aden Senna Cassia holosericeae
Adriatic bellflower Campanula elatines
Adzuki Bean Phaseolus angularis
African Ammoniacum Ferula communis
African Bdellium Balsamodendron africanum
African Bdellium Ceradia furcata
African Blackwood Peltophorum africanum
African Cedar Cedrus atlantica
African Cucumber

lists of African weeds in details

Cucumis metuliferus
African Daisy Arctotis breviscapa
African Daisy Arctotis hybrida
African Daisy Arctotis venusta
African Daisy Dimorphotheca barberiae

 

IDENTIFICATION OF WEEDS
African Daisy Dimorphotheca ecklonis

African Kino Pterocarpus erinaceus

African Lily Agapanthus africanus

African Marigold Tagetes erecta

African Valerian Fedia cornucopiae

African Valerian Valeriana cornucopiae

African Valerian Valeriana cornucopiae:

African violet Saintpaulia ionantha

African wormwood Artemisia afra

Agar-agar Gelidium amansii

weeds and their botanical names2

45. STORAGE OF YAM
46. STAKING OF YAM
47. HARVESTING OF YAM
48. COWPEA
JUTE
49. FORAGE CROP AND PASTURE
50. FORAGE GRASSES
51. SILAGE
52. PASTURE
53. TYPES OF PASTURE
COMMON GRASSES AND LEGUMES

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weeds and their botanical names known as scientific name as known in so many fields of study can also be called garden weeds.

garden weeds is just another name for weeds. a weed is a plant or crop growing where it is not wanted.

general importance of weeds

this post contains lists of all Nigerian weeds, including the African species. some of the names of weed listed here may sound different from the same way your country identified them.

there are different types of weed and their importance. so many types of weed are used for drug production and herbal remedies.

in Africa, no weed is useless. there are natural weed used for the treatment of eczema, scabies and scaly skin.

used for drug production and herbal re

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