SITING OF SCHOOL FARM AND CONSTRUCTION OF FARM ROAD
1. Outline the factors to be considered in siting a school farm.
2. Enumerate the importance of school farm.
3. Plan the construction of farm road.
A farm is an area of land for growing crops and/or rearing of animals. The school farm is a place where students of agric acquire practical skills and knowledge in crop or animal production.
Factors to Consider in Choosing a Site for a School Farm
you can quickly run through these post
- farm survey before making road
- farm tools for road construction
- proper ways to apply fertilizer
- breeds of goat and its management
- types of animal diseases
- leaching and liming in agriculture
1. Nearness to the School
This will reduce time wasting in movement between the school and the farm by both students and teachers. It also reduces activities of thieves in the farm and makes it easy for the students to monitor their respective plots closely.
2. Good Access Roads
The, farm should be well linked with roads or paths to movement by students and teachers. It will also facilitate movement of farm inputs to the farm and the harvested pi (output) from the farm.
The land should be flat or level to reduce erosion problem cost of farm operation. The slope of the land will determine
(i) The direction the beds or ridges should run; read more about tillage here.
(ii) The type of erosion and erosion control measure to adopt on the far
22. SIMPLE FARM TOOLS
23. AGRICULTURAL MECHANIZATION
24. THE CONCEPT OF MECHANIZATION
25. PROBLEMS OF MECHANIZATION
26. SURVEYING AND PLANNING OF FARMSTEAD
27. IMPORTANCE OF FARM SURVEY
28. SURVEY EQUIPMENT
29. PRINCIPLES OF FARM OUTLAY
30. SUMMARY OF FARM SURVEYING
31. CROP HUSBANDRY PRACTICES
32. PESTS AND DISEASE OF MAIZE- ZEA MAYS
33. CULTIVATION OF MAIZE CROP
34. OIL PALM
35. USES OF PALM OIL
36. MAINTENANCE OF PALM PLANTATION
39. PROCESSES IN COCOA CULTIVATION
HOLING AND LINING
41. LAND PREPARATION FOR YAM
42. DEPT OF PLANTING
43. SPACING OF YAM
44. PLANTING DEPT OF YAM
45. STORAGE OF YAM
46. STAKING OF YAM
47. HARVESTING OF YAM
49. FORAGE CROP AND PASTURE
50. FORAGE GRASSES
53. TYPES OF PASTURE
COMMON GRASSES AND LEGUMES
56. ESTABLISHMENT OF PASTURES
57. 201. FORAGE PRESERVATION
58. HAY SILAGE
59. FORESTRY IMPORTANCE OF FORESTRY 206. FOREST MANAGEMENT FOREST REGULATION DEFORESTATION AFFORESTATION
60. DISEASES AND PESTS OF CROPS
61. MAIZE SMUT
62. RICE BLAST
63. MAIZE RUST
64. LEAF SPOT OF GROUNDNUT
65. COW-PEA MOSAIC
Good types of soil are preferable for most crops and are easily drained. Fertile soil should be selected to reduce the cost of manuring and fertilizer application. Stony water-logged, and overused soils should be avoided
5. Source of Water
The school farm should be located as close as possible, to a source of water supply. Water is needed for both compulsory and ple-mental irrigation on the farm, processing of some farm crops like melon, cleaning of body and tools after work and for drinking. check out this post on soil water conservation
This refers to the appearance or look of the farm in relation to its situation. The site that is directly overshadowed by tall trees and buildings should be avoided.
Importance of school farm
more on importance of agriculture here
1. Source of income to school: Money is realized from the sale of farm products. don’t forget to read importance of agriculture here
2. It is a place for learning: Students are taught practical skills and knowledge on crop and animal husbandry on the school farm
3. Centre of attraction to school visitors.
4. It serves as a demonstration centre where farmers in the locality can learn modern farming practices
5. It also provides a forum for students group work and interaction which may not be possible in the classroom
6. Student and teachers of agriculture derive satisfaction from putting classroom knowledge into practice, as well as reaping what they sow. It gives them a sense of achievement
7. School farm can serve as a source of food for students
Construction of Farm Roads
Before embarking on land preparation for planting it is very important to first construct or mark out the roads on the farm. pre-planting activities is worth considering too
There should be a major path leading from the school to the farm. The farm should be divided into portions or plots with each plot linked and surrounded by paths. The paths should be linked to the main path. The whole farm should be surrounded by a path. All roads or paths on the farm should be construct along level land case movement.
Roads on the farm enable the movement in and out, and round the farm. They help to prevent treading on seed-beds or crops. how construct a good nursery here
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