SOURCES OF FARM POWER IN AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE

Sources of farm power in agricultural science. advantages of farm power. cost of using farm power. how to generate farm power in the farm. advantages and disadvantages of using farm power. in this post i am going to also list the different types farm power and how to generate them but first what is farm power?

what is a farm power?

Farm power can be described as any source of energy(energy transfer in an ecosystem read here) or force that can be used in doing farm work.
The common sources of farm power are human, animal, mechanical, solar, wind, electrical, water and fuel farm machinery

TYPES OF FARM POWER

1. HUMAN POWER
2. WATER POWER
3. WIND POWER
4. SOLAR POWER
5. FUEL POWER
6. ELECTRICAL POWER
7. MECHANICAL POWER AND
8. ANIMAL POWER

Human sources of farm power

HUMAN POWER Human beings are the main source of power for operating small tools and implements. This is where energy for doing farm work is supplied by man. Almost all types of farm work require human effort. Land clearing, digging, planting of crops, weeding and harvesting are some of the uses of human power. the use of human farm input is usually used in the practice of subsistence agriculture. this type of farm input requires the use of simple farm tools and implements for most the farming activities. in commercial agriculture,

the use of human farm input is largely limited so animal power or mechanical farm input in used. the use cutlass, hoe, rake, head pan, and spade majorly used and it is done in subsistence agriculture

Animal sources of farm power

In some places, animals provide the energy for doing farm work. Animals can be used to pull tillage implements such as the ploughs and harrows.
They are also used to transport farm produce by the farmer. The use of animals in doing farm work is common in Northern parts of Nigeria where tse-tse fly infestation is low and people are use to the handling of animals. well the use of animals in farm work is as old as man himself. animals like cattle of different breed are used as animal power in farming activity. these animals can be used as tillage machine in place of tractors for tilling the ground for pre-planting and planting operation. the use of animals as farm input can enhance production thereby facilitating the practice of commercial agriculture and large scale crop farming or production

Mechanical sources of farm power

This is power supplied by machines through the burning of fuel or electricity. The The tractors, bulldozers, harvesters and sheller are common sources of mechanical power. Mechanical power can be employed for land clearing, ploughing and ‘harrowing, planting of crops-and processing.

  1. This is where sun is the source of farm power. The energy is employed by local farmers in the drying of farm products such as cocoa, groundnut, rice, melon and beans. The ability to harness solar proper use is still lacking among the majority of Nigerian farmers. read about cooperative society here

Wind sources of farm power

The energy for farm work is sometimes supplied by the Wind power can be made use of by the windmills. This can employed in pumping water for domestic and irrigation purposes. Electricity can also be generated from the windmill. Wind power is greatly used in the winnowing of farm products such as melon and rice by local farmers.

farm power machine
a tractor

Electrical sources of farm power

This is where electrical energy is used to operate farm machines. Many of the processing machines employ electrical power. The energy from electricity is equally used for the supply of light in the farm, incubation of eggs, drying of farm products such as maize and in refrigerators and cold storage(farm storage system).

Water sources of farm power

Water power can be employed as energy for doing farm work through the construction of hydro-electrical power station. It involves the building of dams such as the Kainji Dam built across the River Niger The electrical energy generated can be used to operate many farm machines and supply light to homes and offices. Water is also employed in the transportation of farm products in riverine areas.

Fuel sources of farm power

Energy is supplied by machines through the burning of fuel.
Common fuels that supply energy include the petrol, diesel oil and kerosene. Other fuels that are used by farmers are wood and coal.
The energy generated through the burning of fuel is used to move the tractor and some other farm machines.

Wood and coal sources of farm power

provide heat during burning and such heat can be used for drying farm produce.
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