Processes of making compost manure
Dig lour pits or peg out four areas.
2. Add kitchen wastes, yam peelings, orange skin and pulp, rotten fruits and anything that rots easily.
- Then, add grass cutnnus. hedge trimmings, vegetable wastes and illled or the desired height is compress.
- Repeat this process until the pit is filled or the desired height reached if heap method is used.
- Cover the top with soil to prevent the entering of flies.
- Insert a stick at one end or at the centre in case of pit method. This is called a “tester”. It detects if decomposition is going on or not. The stick will be hot if there is decomposition after about 5 days or else, it will be cold.
- Turn materials or the content of pit A or heap A into B after two weeks. Refill pit or heap A. Repeat this step until pit or heap D is reached and the desired quantity obtained.
- Cover the final products with suitable materials until it is ready for use. This will prevent the loss of important nutrients due to strong sun or rain water.
‘Starters’ are materials used to initiate decomposition process of compost materials. Examples are animal wastes, old compost or materials that rot easily.
Chemicals such as sulphate of ammonia could be used to induce decaying process in the absence of starters. Such chemicals are called ‘activators”.
Turning of compost in pit or stack.
Advantages of compost manure
- It provides sources of food to living organisms in the soil. ics are earthworms, termites and microbes.
2. It adds nutrients to the soil for increased ciop yield,
3. It improves the physical condition of Iru’ ‘.oil ei|1iil structure and texture.
4. It helps to maintain equal amounts of acid and ha-. the soil.
5. It helps to conserve soil moisture and prevents erosion
6. It has a modifying effect on soil temperature
- It involves much labour in preparation.
- It is time involving and not economic for use in large farms.
- It could cause scorching if applied when not fully matured
- It may introduce disease causing agents. This will happen if not may properly handled or allowed to mature befonb use.
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WEED AND THEIR BOTANICAL NAMES
1. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS AFFECTING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
3. 52. SOIL MICRO-ORGANISMS
4. ORGANIC MANURING
5. FARM YARD MANURE
8. CROP ROTATION
9. GRAZING AND OVER GRAZING
10. IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE
11. IRRIGATION SYSTEMS
12. ORGANIC MANURING
13. FARM YARD MANURE