An animal is said to be diseased when there is a change from its normal way or state of its body processes. This prevents its normal body function.
As a result the animal becomes weak, silk, ill and cannot give its maximum performance when needed, as per egg production, work execution, milk production and meat/wool production.
Animal diseases are generally caused by viruses, bacteria, fungi, protozoa and other parasites, or they may be due to metabolic disorder. Some of the livestock diseases of importance are discussed below. YOU CAN SEE HERE FOR SOME SOUL TEACHINGS
1. VIRAL DISEASES.
I. Food and mouth Disease
This disease is common in areas with poor drainage systems and high humidity. The animals affected are goat, sheep, cattle and Pigs.
Causes or causal organism/
It is causes by virus picked up in the soil. So keeping animals or livestock requires great dexterity and care
symptoms. read how to manage farm animals here
The symptoms of the disease include formation of blisters on the mucus membrane of the mouth, on the skin, between and around the hoofs, as well as the teat.
METHOD OF TRANSMISSION
The disease could be transmitted through infected materials such as urine, milk, meat and excrement of infected animals. It can also be transmitted mechanically by humans or animals.
The control methods are as follows;
(i) Infected animals should be isolated.
(ii) Contaminated materials should be buried or burnt.
(iii) Milk from infected animals should not be consumed.
(iv) Animals should be vaccinated regularly.
This is an important disease in areas with large numbers of animals or livestock. The disease attacks cattle, sheep and goats.
It is causes by a virus.
The symptoms which are evident are high fever, weakness, difficult breathing, and formation of lesions on mucous membranes of the nose, anus and the eyes, pus discharge from the lesions mixed with blood. The faeces smell badly and the animal may die.
METHOD OF TRANSMISSION
Rinderpest is contagious and transmission I therefore through contact. Contamination of feeds and water by excrement from an infected animal helps to spread the disease.read transmission of diseases here
This can be achieved as listed below.
i. Animals should be regularly vaccinated.
ii. Only healthy animals should be introduced into the herd
iii. There should be strict prohibition of cattle movement from place to place so as to control the spread of the disease.
3. NEWCASTLE DISEASE
This a very common disease found among fowls anywhere in the world. It attacks all categories of fowl either young or old.
CAUSES OF NEWCASTLE DISEASE
Newcastle disease is caused by a virus.
SYMPTOMS OF NEWCASTLE DISEASE
The disease shows three clinical features
i. Respiratory symptoms
ii. Digestive symptom
iii. Nervous symptoms
1. RESPIRATORY SYMPTOM
Definite sneezing, coughing, nasal discharge dypnoea ……. Resulting in difficult breathing
2. DIGESTIVE SYMPTOM
The birds usually shows lack of appetite and diarrhea
3. NERVOUS SYMPTOM
The bird practically shows sign of paralysis, muscular tremor, somersaulting and cycling movement.
TREATMENT OR CURE
NEWCASTLE DISEASE HAS NO KNOWN CURE AS AT THE TIME OF WRITING THIS POST
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1. DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURE
2. IMPORTANCE OF AGRICULTURE
3. SUBSISTENCE AGRICULTURE
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126. CROP ROTATION
133. FARM POWER AND MACHINERY
134. SOURCES OF FARM POWER
135. HUMAN SOURCE
142. FIELD MACHINES
164. SIMPLE FARM TOOLS
165. AGRICULTURAL MECHANIZATION
166. THE CONCEPT OF MECHANIZATION
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