TYPES OF ANIMAL DISEASE

animal diseases

An animal is said to be diseased when there is a change from its normal way or state of its body processes. This prevents its normal body function.
As a result the animal becomes weak, silk, ill and cannot give its maximum performance when needed, as per egg production, work execution, milk production and meat/wool production.

Animal diseases are generally caused by viruses, bacteria, fungi, protozoa and other parasites, or they may be due to metabolic disorder. Some of the livestock diseases of importance are discussed below

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WEED AND THEIR BOTANICAL NAMES
1. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS AFFECTING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
2. DISEASES
3. 52. SOIL MICRO-ORGANISMS
4. ORGANIC MANURING
5. FARM YARD MANURE
6. HUMUS
7. COMPOST
8. CROP ROTATION
9. GRAZING AND OVER GRAZING
10. IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE
11. IRRIGATION SYSTEMS
12. ORGANIC MANURING
13. FARM YARD MANURE
14. HUMUS
15. COMPOST
16. CROP ROTATION

18. IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE
19. IRRIGATION SYSTEMS
20. INCUBATORS
21. MILKING MACHINE
22. SIMPLE FARM TOOLS
23. AGRICULTURAL MECHANIZATION
24. THE CONCEPT OF MECHANIZATION
25. PROBLEMS OF MECHANIZATION
26. SURVEYING AND PLANNING OF FARMSTEAD
27. IMPORTANCE OF FARM SURVEY
28. SURVEY EQUIPMENT
29. PRINCIPLES OF FARM OUTLAY
30. SUMMARY OF FARM SURVEYING
31. CROP HUSBANDRY PRACTICES
32. PESTS AND DISEASE OF MAIZE- ZEA MAYS
33. CULTIVATION OF MAIZE CROP
34. OIL PALM
35. USES OF PALM OIL
36. MAINTENANCE OF PALM PLANTATION
37. COCOA
38.
39. PROCESSES IN COCOA CULTIVATION
HOLING AND LINING
40. YAM
41. LAND PREPARATION FOR YAM
42. DEPT OF PLANTING
43. SPACING OF YAM
44. PLANTING DEPT OF YAM
45. STORAGE OF YAM
46. STAKING OF YAM
47. HARVESTING OF YAM
48. COWPEA
JUTE
49. FORAGE CROP AND PASTURE
50. FORAGE GRASSES
51. SILAGE
52. PASTURE
53. TYPES OF PASTURE
COMMON GRASSES AND LEGUMES
54. GRASSES
55. LEGUMES
56. ESTABLISHMENT OF PASTURES
57. 201. FORAGE PRESERVATION
58. HAY SILAGE
59. FORESTRY IMPORTANCE OF FORESTRY 206. FOREST MANAGEMENT FOREST REGULATION DEFORESTATION AFFORESTATION
60. DISEASES AND PESTS OF CROPS
61. MAIZE SMUT
62. RICE BLAST
63. MAIZE RUST
64. LEAF SPOT OF GROUNDNUT
65. COW-PEA MOSAIC
66. COCOA BLACK POD DISEASE
67. <ahref=”https: www.apsnet.org=”” edcenter=”” disandpath=”” fungalbasidio=”” pdlessons=”” pages=”” coffeerust.aspx”=””>COFFEE RUST
68. CASSAVA BACTERIA BLIGHT
69. BLACK ARM BACTERIA BLIGHT OF COTTON
70. TOMATO ROOT KNOT
71. DAMPING-OFF OF TOMATO
72. ONION DOWNY MILDEW
73. STORED PRODUCE MOULD
74. PESTS OF CROPS
75. STEM BORERS
76. ARMY WORM

77. COCOA MIRIDS(CAPSIDS)
78. APHIDS
79. WHITE FLY SEED BUGS
80. CASSAVA CULTIVATION
81. CASSAVA MEALYBUGS
82. VARIEGATED GRASSHOPPER
83. GREEN SPIDER MITE
84. COTTON STAINER
85. COTTON</ahref=”https:>

89. LEAF ROLLER
90. BEAN BEETLE
91. RICE WEEVILS
92. . PROBLEMS WITH PESTS CONTROL
93. CROP IMPROVEMENT
94. PROCESS OF CROP IMPROVEMENT METHODS OF CROP IMPROVEMENT
95. HYBRIDIZATION OF CROPS
96. ANIMAL PRODUCTION
97. THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM OF ANIMALS
98. THE LARGE AND SMALL INTESTINE
99. RUMINANT ANIMALS
100. THE NERVOUS SYSTEM
101. THE NEURONS
102. A SYNAPSE ACTION IMPULSE REFLEX ACTION VOLUNTARY ACTION
103. THE CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM
104. PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM
105. THE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM MALE AND FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM
106. REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM OF BIRDS
107. THE CIRCULATORY SYSTEM
108. THE PULMONARY CIRCULATION
109. THE HEART
110. THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM
111. THE TRACHEA INSPIRATION THE EXPIRATION THE DIAPHRAGM
112. HEAT PERIODS OESTROUS CYCLE
113. MATING
114. PARTURITION
115. MAMMARY GLAND
116. LACTATION
117. EGG FORMATION IN POULTRY
118. LIVESTOCK MANAGEMENT
119. MANAGEMENT OF GOATS
120. REPRODUCTION IN GOAT
121. POULTRY
122. POULTRY MANAGEMENT
123. BATTERY CAGE SYSTEM
124. INTENSIVE SYSTEM
125. . SEMI-INTENSIVE EXTENSIVE SYSTEM

PROODING AND REARING IN POULTRY
126. POULTRY SANITATION

127. ANIMAL NUTRITION
128. RATION
129. CONCENTRATE
130. ROUGHAGE
131. NUTRIENT SOURCES AND FUNCTIONS
132. CARBOHYDRATES
133. PROTEIN FATS
134. MINERALS
135. VITAMINS
136. FEEDING MECHANISMS IN HOLOZOIC ORGANISMS
137. TYPES OF DIETS
138. FATTENING OR FINISHING DIETS
139. LAYER DIETS
140. BALANCED DIETS
141. LACTATION DIETS
142. MALNUTRITION

147. RINDER PESTS
148. NEWCASTLE DISEASE
149. BACTERIA DISEASES
150. ANTHRAX
151. BRUCELLOSIS
152. TUBERCULOSIS
153. FUNGAL DISEASES

154. PROTOZOAN DISEASES
155. TRYPONOSOMIASIS
156. COCCIDIOSIS
157. RED WATER FEVER(PIROPLASMOSIS)
158. ENDO PARASITES
159. TAPE WORM
160. ROUND WORM OF PIGS
161. LIVER FLUKE
162. ECTO PARASITES
163. TICK
164. LICE

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1. VIRAL DISEASES.
I. Food and mouth Disease
This disease is common in areas with poor drainage systems and high humidity. The animals affected are goat, sheep, cattle and Pigs.
Causes or causal organism/
It is causes by virus picked up in the soil. So keeping animals or livestock requires great dexterity and care
symptoms. read how to manage farm animals here
The symptoms of the disease include formation of blisters on the mucus membrane of the mouth, on the skin, between and around the hoofs, as well as the teat.
METHOD OF TRANSMISSION
The disease could be transmitted through infected materials such as urine, milk, meat and excrement of infected animals. It can also be transmitted mechanically by humans or animals.

CONTROL METHOD.

The control methods are as follows;
(i) Infected animals should be isolated.
(ii) Contaminated materials should be buried or burnt.
(iii) Milk from infected animals should not be consumed.
(iv) Animals should be vaccinated regularly.

2. RINDERPEST

This is an important disease in areas with large numbers of animals or livestock. The disease attacks cattle, sheep and goats.
CAUSAL AGENT

It is causes by a virus.
SYMPTOMS;
The symptoms which are evident are high fever, weakness, difficult breathing, and formation of lesions on mucous membranes of the nose, anus and the eyes, pus discharge from the lesions mixed with blood. The faeces smell badly and the animal may die

.
METHOD OF TRANSMISSION
Rinderpest is contagious and transmission I therefore through contact. Contamination of feeds and water by excrement from an infected animal helps to spread the disease.read transmission of diseases here

CONTROL

This can be achieved as listed below.
i. Animals should be regularly vaccinated.
ii. Only healthy animals should be introduced into the herd
iii. There should be strict prohibition of cattle movement from place to place so as to control the spread of the disease.

3. NEWCASTLE DISEASE

This a very common disease found among fowls anywhere in the world. It attacks all categories of fowl either young or old.
CAUSES OF NEWCASTLE DISEASE
Newcastle disease is caused by a virus.

SYMPTOMS OF NEWCASTLE DISEASE
The disease shows three clinical features

i. Respiratory symptoms
ii. Digestive symptom
iii. Nervous symptoms

All these symptoms may combine in a situation. Respiratory and digestive(system) symptoms are the early signs of the disease while the nervous symptom is the last stage of Newcastle disease.

1. RESPIRATORY SYMPTOM
Definite sneezing, coughing, nasal discharge dypnoea ……. Resulting in difficult breathing

2. DIGESTIVE SYMPTOM
The birds usually shows lack of appetite and diarrhea

3. NERVOUS SYMPTOM
The bird practically shows sign of paralysis, muscular tremor, somersaulting and cycling movement.

TREATMENT OR CURE
NEWCASTLE DISEASE HAS NO KNOWN CURE AS AT THE TIME OF WRITING THIS POST

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