farm machinery, MAINTENANCE OF FARM MACHINERY IN AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE Identify when to maintain farm machines and the operation involved. Carry out simple maintenance operations. Farmers spend a lot of money to buy farm machines.
If they art last long, adequate care, and maintenance should be carried out.
For proper understanding of the various maintenance operations the manufacturer’s handbook on the assembling, operation, care and maintenance of farm machines and implements should be studied carefully and the instructions about usage should be followed.
Different ways of maintaining farm machinery
Dully maintenance: Before the commencement of operation, the fuel and engine oil levels on tractors and other machines should be checked.
The Tyre pressures must be checked daily before machines are taken to the field for operation. It is necessary to ensure that all parts of the machine are in good oiling condition.
maintenance of farm machinery After use storage:
(i) All farm machines and implements should be cleaned and stored in cool place after use.
(ii) Parts of machines and implements having contact with chemicals should be washed and painted or oiled daily. This will prevent the parts from rapid corrosion,
(iii) When machines and implements are to be kept for a long time, it is necessary to oil or grease the metal parts. This ii to prevent rusting.
(iv) Farm machines and farm implements should be sun and rain.
(c) Sharpening of blunt tools: The blunt ends of tools or implements should be sharpened before and after use
(d) Tightening of bolts and nuts: The loose screws, bolts and nuts-, holding parts of farm machines together should be tightened before the machines are operated or taken to the field for use.
(e) Regular servicing of farm machinery
Machines should be serviced at regular intervals to make them function properly and effectively.
(f) Lubrication of parts: The manufacturer’s specification regarding the lubrication of parts of farm machines should be strictly followed.
Lubricant or grease should be applied regularly to the appropriate bearings or grease points on wheels. Lubrication prevents the wearing out of moving parts that are in contact,
(g) Replacement of parts:
(i) The worn out or broken parts of machines and implement should be replaced or repaired.
ii) The farmer should keep spare part& of farm machines and implements that are easily damaged.
This will facilitate immediate replacement of affected parts. Examples are plugs.
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