farm machinery maintenance processes

farm machinery, MAINTENANCE OF FARM MACHINERY IN AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE Identify when to maintain farm machines and the operation involved.

Carry out simple maintenance operations. Farmers spend a lot of money to buy farm machines.

If they art last long, adequate care, and maintenance should be carried out.

For proper understanding of the various maintenance operations the manufacturer’s handbook on the assembling, operation, care and maintenance of farm machines and implements should be studied carefully and the instructions about usage should be followed.

Different ways of maintaining farm machinery

Maintenance of farm machinery is essential for ensuring the efficient and safe operation of the equipment. Proper maintenance can help extend the lifespan of the machinery, minimize downtime, and reduce overall operating costs. Here are some key steps and tips for maintaining farm machinery:

  1. Read the Operator’s Manual: Familiarize yourself with the manufacturer’s guidelines and recommendations for maintenance. The operator’s manual provides valuable information on how to use, maintain, and troubleshoot the equipment properly.
  2. Regular Inspections: Conduct regular visual inspections before and after each use. Check for signs of wear, loose or damaged parts, leaks, and any other issues that might affect the machinery’s performance.
  3. Cleaning: Keep the machinery clean from dirt, debris, and crop residue. Use a pressure washer or brushes to remove buildup, as this helps prevent corrosion and ensures proper functioning.
  4. Lubrication: Proper lubrication is crucial for reducing friction and wear on moving parts. Follow the manufacturer’s recommendations for lubrication intervals and use the appropriate type of lubricant for each component.
  5. Fluid Levels: Regularly check and maintain fluid levels, including engine oil, coolant, hydraulic fluid, and transmission fluid. Low fluid levels can lead to equipment failure and costly repairs.
  6. Filter Replacement: Change filters (oil, fuel, air, hydraulic) according to the manufacturer’s recommendations. Clean filters ensure optimal performance and prevent contaminants from damaging sensitive components.
  7. Tire Maintenance: Check tire pressure regularly, as underinflated or overinflated tires can affect performance and fuel efficiency. Inspect tires for signs of damage or excessive wear and replace as needed.
  8. Belt and Chain Inspection: Examine belts and chains for signs of wear, cracking, or stretching. Replace worn or damaged belts and chains promptly to prevent breakdowns.
  9. Calibration and Adjustment: Calibration ensures accuracy in equipment, such as planters and sprayers. Regularly calibrate and adjust machinery to maintain precision in application rates and seeding patterns.
  10. Store Properly: When not in use, store farm machinery in a clean, dry, and sheltered environment. Exposure to the elements can lead to rust and deterioration.
  11. Training and Education: Provide proper training to operators to ensure they know how to handle the machinery correctly and recognize early signs of potential issues.
  12. Address Repairs Promptly: If any issues are identified during inspections or operations, address them promptly. Delaying repairs can lead to more significant problems and higher repair costs.
  13. Scheduled Maintenance: Create a maintenance schedule and stick to it. This includes routine maintenance tasks like oil changes, filter replacements, and belt adjustments.
  14. Keep Records: Maintain detailed records of maintenance activities, repairs, and part replacements. This information helps track the machinery’s history and aids in identifying recurring issues.
  15. Safety First: Always follow safety guidelines and use proper personal protective equipment when performing maintenance tasks.

By following these maintenance practices, farm machinery owners can optimize the performance and longevity of their equipment, leading to increased productivity and reduced downtime.

maintenance of farm machinery After use storage:

(i) All farm machines and implements should be cleaned and stored in a cool place after use.
(ii) Parts of machines and implements having contact with chemicals should be washed and painted or oiled daily. This will prevent the parts from rapid corrosion,

(iii) When machines and implements are to be kept for a long time, it is necessary to oil or grease the metal parts. This ii to prevent rusting.
(iv) Farm machines and farm implements should be sun and rain.

(c) Sharpening of blunt tools: The blunt ends of tools or implements should be sharpened before and after use

(d) Tightening of bolts and nuts: The loose screws, bolts and nuts-, holding parts of farm machines together should be tightened before the machines are operated or taken to the field for use.

(e) Regular servicing of farm machinery

Machines should be serviced at regular intervals to make them function properly and effectively.

(f) Lubrication of parts: The manufacturer\’s specification regarding the lubrication of parts of farm machines should be strictly followed.

Lubricant or grease should be applied regularly to the appropriate bearings or grease points on wheels. Lubrication prevents the wearing out of moving parts that are in contact,

(g) Replacement of parts:

(i) The worn out or broken parts of machines and implement should be replaced or repaired.

ii) The farmer should keep spare parts of farm machines and implements that are easily damaged.
This will facilitate the immediate replacement of affected parts. Examples are plugs.

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