CLASSIFICATION OF CROPS BASED ON THEIR USES
In this classification, crops are divided into the following categories:
Cereal crops: These crops belong f to the grass family and they provide carbohydrate, e.g, maize, rice, millet, guinea corn, wheat, barley and oats.
(2) Pulses (grain legumes): These crops are rich sources of protein, e.g. cowpea, soya beans,
groundnut, lima bean and pigeon pea.
(3) Roots and tuber crops: These crops produce tubers under the ground and they provide
carbohydrates, e.g., cassava, yam, cocoyam, sweet potato, beets and carrot.
(4) Vegetable crops: These crops provide vitamins and minerals e.g amaranthus, onion, okra,
cauliflower, spinach, bitter leaf and talinum.
(5) Fruit crops: These also provide vitamins and minerals, e.g., orange, banana, pineapple, mango, pawpaw and cashew.
(6) Beverage crops: These provide food drinks when processed, e. cocoa, coffee and tea, kola nut.
(7) Spices: These also provide vitamins and minerals. They also add flavour to our stew or soup, e.g. ginger, pepper and onion.
(8) Oil crops: These are crops which can provide oil when processed both for domestic and industrial uses, e.g., oil palm, groundnut, melon, coconut, soya bean, cotton.
(9) Fibre crops: These are crops used for making clothing materials, ropes and bags, e.g. cotton, sisal, hemp, kenaf and hibiscus.
(10) Latex crops: These are crops which provide some white sticky liquid or latex used in plastic industries, e.g., rubber.