Cultural practices in the propagation of yam
Here are a list of cultural practices that can be carried out during yam propagation
Mulching as a cultural practice in yam propagation:
This is the covering of the heaps or ridges with dry leaves to reduce soil temperature, conserve soil moisture and prevent rotting of yam setts.
Regular weeding is a cultural practice in propagation of yam :
This should be done regularly to control pest and reduce weed competition with crops for nutrients.
Application of fertilizer as a cultural practice in yam propagation:
Apply 200kg (four bags) of N.P.K. fertilizer per hectare three months after planting, by ring method.
Staking as a cultural practice in yam propagation of yam:
The yam should be staked with strong sticks or bamboo. It ensures adequate exposure of the leaf surface to sunlight and increases yield.
Training of vine through staking as a cultural practice in yam propagation:
This is done regularly after staking to ensure even spreading and neatness of the vines to receive sunlight.
Maturity period of yam after planting
Yam matures in 8-12 months after planting.
Harvesting process of yam
Dig the soil gently with cutlass to remove tuber from the soil. Processing: Yam tubers are processed into yam powder or flour or consumed locally. Storage: Yam tubers are stored in barns. It can also be stored in form of yam flour and in dried peeled yam tubers.
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35. USES OF PALM OIL
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