BOTANICAL NAMES OF CROPS

crops and their botanical names are very important in the study of Agricultural nomenclature. crops are important unlike weeds which generally are plants growing in an unwanted area. weeds can be very stubborn to deal with as they compete with crops for nutrients. in this article i will be listing up to 1000 names of crop and their botanical scientific names. t

Agricultural nomenclature of weeds and crops


The system of naming crops and weeds is based on that introduced by the Swedish Naturalist, Carlvon Linne. He was better known by the Latinized form of his name, Carolous Linnaeus. It is called the “BINOMIAL SYSTEM OF NOMENCLATURE”.
In this system, each species is given two names. The first name is the genus or generic name. it is written with capital latter. The second is the species or specific name.

The specific name starts with a small letter. For example, Potato is “Ipomea batata” Ipomea is the genus or generic name while batata is the species or specific name.
Both the generic and specific names are written or underlined separately

CROPS AND THEIR BOTANICAL NAME

COMMON NAME—————–BOTANICAL NAME——————-FAMILY NAME
1. Aerial yam——-Dioscorea bulbifera——————Dioscoreaceae
2. African spinach—-Amaranthus caudathus————-Amaranthaceae
3. African pea——–Dacryodes edulis———————-Burseracceae
4. Africa stirapple—Chrysophyllum albidum————-Sapotaceae
5. Acacia———Acacia nilotica————————-Mimosoideae
6. Bassela————Bassela alba——————–
7. Banana—————Musa sapientum————————Musaceae
8. Bread fruit————Artocarpus spp————————–Moraceae
9. Barbara groundnut—Voandzeia subterranean————–Papilioniodeae
10. Bitter leave———–Vernonia amygdalina——————-Compositeae
11. Bitter cola———Garcinia kola——————————Gultifereae
12. Bush green———Amaranthus hybridus——————-Amaranthaceae
13. Cowpea—————–Vigna unguiculata————————Leguminoseae
14. Chinese yam——-Dioscorea sinensis———————–Dioscoreaseae
15. Cocoyam————Colocasia esculentum——————Araceae
16. Yellow Yam———Dioscorea

 

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alata—————————dioscorea spp
17. Cassava————-Manihot esculenta———————–Euphorbiaceae
18. Carrot————-Daucus carota—————————–Umbellifereae
19. Cotton————-Gossypium hirsutum———————Malvaceae
20. Castor plant——-Ricinus communis————————-Euphorbiaceae
21. Coconut———-Cocos nucifera—————————–Palmae
22. Cashew———–Anacardium occidentale—————-Anacardiaceae
23. Cocoa————-Theobrama cacao————————-Sterculiaceae
24. Common bean——Phaseolus vulgaris————————-Papilionoideae
25. Date palm——–Pheonix dactilifera————————-Palmae
26. Fluted pumpkin—Telferia occidentalis———————–Cucubiteae
27. Garden egg——–Solanum melongena———————–Solanaceae
28. Ginger————Zingiber officinale—————————Zingiberaceae
29. Garlic———-Allium sativum——————————Amary vitaceae
30. Grape fruit—–Citrus paradise——————————Rutaceae
31. Guinea corn——-Sorghum guinensis——————————————-
32. Groundnut——–Arachnid hypogea————————–Leguminosae
33. Hot pepper——-Capsicum frutescens———————–Solanaceae
34. Irish potato—–Solanum tuberosum
35. King orange——-Citrus nobilis———————————Rutaceae
36. Kola————-Kola acuminata/nitida———————Sterculiaseae
37. Lime————Citrus aurantifolia—————————Rutaceae
38. Lemon grass——Cymbopogon citratus———————-Gramineae
39. Lemon————Citrus lemon——————————— Rutaceae
40. Maize————–Zea mays————————————–Gramineae
41. Millet———–Pennisetum typhodium——————-Gramineae
42. Mango————Mangifera indica—————————-Anardiaceae
43. Mint————-Ocimum Americana————————Labiateae
44. Oil bean———Penteclthra macrophyla——————-Leguminoseae
45. Okra————-Hibiscus esculenta————————–Malvaceae
46. Oil palm———Elaesis guineasis—————————–Palmae
47. Onion————Allium cepa———————————–Billiaceae
48. Okazi————Cinetum africanum————————-
49. Pineapple——–Ananas comosus——————————–
50. Pawpaw———–Carica papaya——————————–Caricaceae
51. Pumpkin———-Cucubita mixta——————————-Cuearbiteae
52. Pepper seed——Afromomum melagueta——————-Gingibereae
53. Pepper fruit—–Denettra tripetala————————–Annonaceae
54. Plantain———Musa paradisiaca—————————Musaceae
55. Pigeon pea——-Cajanus cajan——————————–Leguminoseae
56. Raphia palm—–Raphia vinifera——————————Palmae
57. Rice————–Oryza sativa———————————Gramineae
58. Rubber———–Hevea brasiliensis————————-Euphorbiaceae
59. Sugar cane——–Saccharinum officinarum—————-Gramineae
60. Soya bean———Glycine max———————————Leguminoseae
61. Sweet potato——Ipomea batata—————————-Convolvulaceae
62. Sweet orange——Citrus sinensis——————————-Rutaceae
63. Sour orange——-Citrus aurantium—————————Rutaceae
64. Shaddock(pomelo)—Citrus grandis——————————Rutaceae
65. Sweet pepper——-Capsicum annum————————–Solanaceae
66. Saint leaf——–Ocimum grattissimum———————————–
67. Tangerine———-Citrus reticulate—————————–Rutaceae
68. Three leafed yam—Dioscorea dumentorium——————Dioscoreaceae
69. Tomato————-Lycopersicum esculenta——————Solanaceae
70. Tobacco————Nicotiana tabacum————————–Solanaceae
71. Velvet beans——-Stilozobium decringianum——————————-
72. Wheat————–Triticum aestivum—————————Gramineae
73. White yam———-Dioscorea rotundata————————Dioscoreaceae
74. Water yam———Dioscorea alata——————————-Dioscoreaceae

 

 

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