millennium development goals MDGs AND OBJECTIVES

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS (MDGs) MEANING AND OBJECTIVE Meaning of millennium development goals:

what is millennium development goals MDGs

The Millennium Developing (MDGs) are eight international dev goals that were officially established the millennium summit of the United I 2000. Following the adoption of: Nations millennium declaration, all the 193 nation member states and at least 23 in organizations have agreed to achieve by the year 2015. The goals are:

  1. Eradicating extreme poverty and hunger
  2. Achieving universal primary education
  3. Promoting gender equality empowering women.
  4. Reducing child mortality
  5. Improving maternal health.
  6. Combating HIV/AIDS, other diseases.
  7. Ensuring environmental
  8. Developing a global partnership for development

Each of the goals has specific stated targets and dates for achieving To accelerate progress, the G8 . agreed in June 2005 to provide to the World Bank, the International Fund (IMF), and the African Bank (ADB) to cancel an additional $40 to $55 billion in debt owed by members of the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) to allow impoverished countries to re-channel the  resources saved from the forgiven debt to social programmes for improving health and education and for alleviating poverty.

OBJECTIVES OF MDGs.

(1)       Goal .1 Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger.

  •  Target 1. Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people whose income is less than one dollar a day.
  • Target 2. Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people who suffer from hunger.
  •  Goal 2. Achieve universal primary education.

(i)        Target 3. Ensure that, by 2015, children everywhere, boys and girls alike, will be able to complete a full course of primary schooling

  • Goal 3. Promote gender equality and empower women.
  • Target 4. Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education, preferably by 2005, and to all levels of education not later than 2015.
  • Goal 4. Reduce child mortality rate.
  • Target 5. Reduce by two-thirds, between 1990 and 2015 the under five mortality rate.

      Improve maternal health through millennium development goals MDGs

(1)       Target 6. Reduce by three quarters, between 1990 and 2015, the maternal mortality rate.

(6)       Goal 6. Combat HIV/AIDS malaria and other diseases.

(i)        Target 7. Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS

(ii)       Target 8. Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the incidence of malaria and other major diseases.

7.         Goal 7. Ensure environmental sustainability,

(i)         Target 9. Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country  policies and

programmes and reverse the loss of environmental resources

  •  Target 10. Halve by 2015 the proportional of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water.
  •  Target 11. By 2020 to have achieved a significant improvement in the lives of a least 100 million slum dwellers.

(8)       Goal 8. Develop a global partnership for development.

  •  Target 12. Deal comprehensively with the debt problems of developing countries through national and international measures in order to make debt sustainable in the long term
  •  Target 13. In cooperation with the private sector, make available the benefits of new technologies, especially information and communications.

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