ORGANIC AGRICULTURE AND IT’S IMPORTANCE

organic agriculture and it’s importance. Organic agriculture and its importance is a system of farming which is an agricultural method that includes the production of crops and livestock by using natural means instead of spraying pesticides, use of fertilizers, antibiotics, genetic modifications of growth hormones and organisms.

 

organic agriculture simply means the use of ruminants and decay of plants and animal by-products to improve agricultural production. the importance of organic agriculture very key to human survival. one of the benefit of organic farming is that it is carried out using using natural means to improve crop production. 

 

 

 

Meaning of organic agriculture

organic agriculture simply means the use of ruminants and decay of plants and animal by-products to improve agricultural production. In other words, it involves the use of remains of plants and animals to improve the production of crops for improve yield in agriculture. Organic agriculture involves the use of prepared manure which are natural to improve agricultural production. In this regard the use of artificial chemical like inorganic fertilizer does not constitute in which it is called organic agriculture.

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DEFINITION OF ORGANIC AGRICULTURE
“Organic agriculture can be defined as “an integrated that strives for sustainability, the enhancement of soil fertility and biological diversity while, with rare exceptions, prohibiting synthetic pesticides, antibiotics, synthetic fertilizers, genetically modified organisms, and growth hormones”
 

 

WEED AND THEIR BOTANICAL NAMES
1. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS AFFECTING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
2. DISEASES
3. 52. SOIL MICRO-ORGANISMS
4. ORGANIC MANURING
5. FARM YARD MANURE
6. HUMUS
7. COMPOST
8. CROP ROTATION
9. GRAZING AND OVER GRAZING
10. IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE
11. IRRIGATION SYSTEMS
12. ORGANIC MANURING
13. FARM YARD MANURE
14. HUMUS
15. COMPOST
16. CROP ROTATION

18. IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE
19. IRRIGATION SYSTEMS
20. INCUBATORS
21. MILKING MACHINE
22. SIMPLE FARM TOOLS
23. AGRICULTURAL MECHANIZATION
24. THE CONCEPT OF MECHANIZATION
25. PROBLEMS OF MECHANIZATION
26. SURVEYING AND PLANNING OF FARMSTEAD
27. IMPORTANCE OF FARM SURVEY
28. SURVEY EQUIPMENT
29. PRINCIPLES OF FARM OUTLAY
30. SUMMARY OF FARM SURVEYING
31. CROP HUSBANDRY PRACTICES
32. PESTS AND DISEASE OF MAIZE- ZEA MAYS
33. CULTIVATION OF MAIZE CROP
34. OIL PALM
35. USES OF PALM OIL
36. MAINTENANCE OF PALM PLANTATION
37. COCOA
38.
39. PROCESSES IN COCOA CULTIVATION
HOLING AND LINING
40. YAM
41. LAND PREPARATION FOR YAM
42. DEPT OF PLANTING
43. SPACING OF YAM
44. PLANTING DEPT OF YAM
45. STORAGE OF YAM
46. STAKING OF YAM
47. HARVESTING OF YAM
48. COWPEA
JUTE
49. FORAGE CROP AND PASTURE
50. FORAGE GRASSES
51. SILAGE
52. PASTURE
53. TYPES OF PASTURE
COMMON GRASSES AND LEGUMES
54. GRASSES
55. LEGUMES
56. ESTABLISHMENT OF PASTURES
57. 201. FORAGE PRESERVATION
58. HAY SILAGE
59. FORESTRY IMPORTANCE OF FORESTRY 206. FOREST MANAGEMENT FOREST REGULATION DEFORESTATION AFFORESTATION
60. DISEASES AND PESTS OF CROPS
61. MAIZE SMUT
62. RICE BLAST
63. MAIZE RUST
64. LEAF SPOT OF GROUNDNUT
65. COW-PEA MOSAIC
66. COCOA BLACK POD DISEASE
67. <ahref=”https: www.apsnet.org=”” edcenter=”” disandpath=”” fungalbasidio=”” pdlessons=”” pages=”” coffeerust.aspx”=””>COFFEE RUST
68. CASSAVA BACTERIA BLIGHT
69. BLACK ARM BACTERIA BLIGHT OF COTTON
70. TOMATO ROOT KNOT
71. DAMPING-OFF OF TOMATO
72. ONION DOWNY MILDEW
73. STORED PRODUCE MOULD
74. PESTS OF CROPS
75. STEM BORERS
76. ARMY WORM

77. COCOA MIRIDS(CAPSIDS)
78. APHIDS
79. WHITE FLY SEED BUGS
80. CASSAVA CULTIVATION
81. CASSAVA MEALYBUGS
82. VARIEGATED GRASSHOPPER
83. GREEN SPIDER MITE
84. COTTON STAINER
85. COTTON</ahref=”https:>

89. LEAF ROLLER
90. BEAN BEETLE
91. RICE WEEVILS
92. . PROBLEMS WITH PESTS CONTROL
93. CROP IMPROVEMENT
94. PROCESS OF CROP IMPROVEMENT METHODS OF CROP IMPROVEMENT
95. HYBRIDIZATION OF CROPS
96. ANIMAL PRODUCTION
97. THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM OF ANIMALS
98. THE LARGE AND SMALL INTESTINE
99. RUMINANT ANIMALS
100. THE NERVOUS SYSTEM
101. THE NEURONS
102. A SYNAPSE ACTION IMPULSE REFLEX ACTION VOLUNTARY ACTION
103. THE CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM
104. PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM
105. THE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM MALE AND FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM
106. REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM OF BIRDS
107. THE CIRCULATORY SYSTEM
108. THE PULMONARY CIRCULATION
109. THE HEART
110. THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM
111. THE TRACHEA INSPIRATION THE EXPIRATION THE DIAPHRAGM
112. HEAT PERIODS OESTROUS CYCLE
113. MATING
114. PARTURITION
115. MAMMARY GLAND
116. LACTATION
117. EGG FORMATION IN POULTRY
118. LIVESTOCK MANAGEMENT
119. MANAGEMENT OF GOATS
120. REPRODUCTION IN GOAT
121. POULTRY
122. POULTRY MANAGEMENT
123. BATTERY CAGE SYSTEM
124. INTENSIVE SYSTEM
125. . SEMI-INTENSIVE EXTENSIVE SYSTEM

PROODING AND REARING IN POULTRY
126. POULTRY SANITATION

127. ANIMAL NUTRITION
128. RATION
129. CONCENTRATE
130. ROUGHAGE
131. NUTRIENT SOURCES AND FUNCTIONS
132. CARBOHYDRATES
133. PROTEIN FATS
134. MINERALS
135. VITAMINS
136. FEEDING MECHANISMS IN HOLOZOIC ORGANISMS
137. TYPES OF DIETS
138. FATTENING OR FINISHING DIETS
139. LAYER DIETS
140. BALANCED DIETS
141. LACTATION DIETS
142. MALNUTRITION

147. RINDER PESTS
148. NEWCASTLE DISEASE
149. BACTERIA DISEASES
150. ANTHRAX
151. BRUCELLOSIS
152. TUBERCULOSIS
153. FUNGAL DISEASES

154. PROTOZOAN DISEASES
155. TRYPONOSOMIASIS
156. COCCIDIOSIS
157. RED FEVER(PIROPLASMOSIS)
158. ENDO PARASITES
159. TAPE WORM
160. ROUND WORM OF PIGS
161. LIVER FLUKE
162. ECTO PARASITES
163. TICK
164. LICE

 
Another definition goes like this
Organic farming is an agricultural method that includes the production of crops and livestock by using natural means instead of spraying pesticides, use of fertilizers, antibiotics, genetic modifications of growth hormones and organisms.
 
 
Types of organic agriculture
 
 1. Pure organic agriculture
2. Joint or integrated organic agriculture

 

Forms of organic agriculture

The use of material obtained from plants and animals in form of organic materials are available for use in agriculture. These include:

The uses of organic matter in organic agriculture

1. Organic matter
Definition: Organic manure refers to the decayed plant and animal product which have been carefully prepared to supply nutrients to plants or crops
Types of organic manure
There are three types of organic manure these are:
(a) Green manure
(b) Farm yard manure
(c) Compose manure

 

 

2. Cover cropping: Cover cropping is a process of planting certain plats mainly to cover soil surface. By so doing, the nutrients are conserved in the soil
3. Mulching: Mulching is another form of organic agriculture whereby certain dead and decaying plants are used to cover the soil in order to conserve soil water and prevent evaporation
4. Crop rotation: Thus is the planting of different types of crop on the same piece of land in a definite sequence so as to maintain the fertility of the soil

 

IMPORTANCE OF ORGANIC MATTER TO ORGANIC FARMING

Organic manuring as a way of improving soil fertility has the following advantages:

i. It promotes the activities of soil living organisms such as earthworms , termites and microbes. These organisms promote aeration of the soil, easy percolation of , mixing organic materials with soil, form humans and fix nitrogen into the soil.

 

All these help to promote the fertility of the soil
ii. Organic manure helps to improve the structure of the soil by building the particles of coarse texture soil together.

 

iii. Mineralization of human adds to the nutrients to the soil
iv. It reduces rapid soil temperature fluctuations. As a result of its dark colour, humans easily absorb heat during the day and loses it slowly at night.
v. Organic manure helps to conserve moisture and prevent evaporation from the soil

 

vi. Organic manure (humus) has a buffering effect on the soil; that is , it balances the acid-base condition of the soil or soil pH
vii. It prevents erosion because it improves the structure of the soil and reduces the speed of the run-off

 

viii. Organic matter increases water holding capacity of soil
ix. It increases the rate of percolation through clay soil
x. It increases the activities of soil micro-organism
xi. It improves the aeration of the soil
All these advantages of organic manure help to maintain or even promote the availability of nutrients in the soil.

 
 

PROBLEMS OF ORGANIC AGRICULTURE

There are no subsidies offered for most organic farmers.
 
Most countries offer farm subsidies of some sorts to farmers to increase output.
So here are a few problems facing organic agricultural revolution
 
1. It requires more work to produce goods that are ready for sale.
 
  2. Organic farming may still allow for certain manual input
 
 
3. Organic farmers must have specific knowledge about localized growing systems, which means a farmer going into organic agriculture must have a little knowledge of the climatic condition and time to plant.

 

 

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