organic farming and its importance

organic farming and its importance. organic farming and its importance is a system of farming which is an agricultural method that includes the production of crops and livestock by using natural means instead of spraying pesticides, use of fertilizers, antibiotics, and genetic modifications of growth hormones and organisms organic agriculture simply means the use of ruminants and decay of plants and animal by-products to improve agricultural production. the importance of organic agriculture very key to human survival. One of the benefits of organic farming is that it is carried out using natural means to improve crop production as organic farming and its importance.

Organic agriculture refers to a system of farming that emphasizes the use of natural and sustainable practices while minimizing the use of synthetic inputs such as pesticides, fertilizers, and genetically modified organisms (GMOs). It aims to produce food in an environmentally friendly and socially responsible manner.

Here are some key aspects of organic agriculture:

  1. Soil fertility management: Organic farmers focus on building and maintaining healthy soil through practices like crop rotation, composting, and the use of natural fertilizers such as manure and organic matter. They avoid using synthetic fertilizers that may harm the soil ecosystem.

  2. Pest and weed management: Organic farmers employ various strategies to control pests and weeds without relying on synthetic pesticides. This includes using beneficial insects, crop rotation, mechanical weed control methods, and natural pesticides derived from plant extracts.

  3. Biodiversity conservation: Organic farming encourages biodiversity by creating habitats for beneficial organisms, preserving natural ecosystems, and avoiding the use of GMOs. This helps maintain a balanced ecosystem and promotes natural pest control.

Meaning of organic farming

organic agriculture simply means the use of ruminants and the decay of plants and animal by-products to improve agricultural production. In other words, it involves the use of the remains of plants and animals to improve the production of crops for improved yield in agriculture. organic farming involves the use of prepared manure which are natural to improve agricultural production. In this regard, the use of artificial chemicals like inorganic fertilizer does not constitute what is called.

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organic agriculture and its importance

DEFINITION OF ORGANIC AGRICULTURE
\”organic farming can be defined as \”an integrated farming system that strives for sustainability, the enhancement of soil fertility and biological diversity while, with rare exceptions, prohibiting synthetic pesticides, antibiotics, synthetic fertilizers, genetically modified organisms, and growth hormones\”
 
 
Another definition goes like this 
organic farming and its importance
Organic farming is an agricultural method that includes the production of crops and livestock by using natural means instead of spraying pesticides, use of fertilizers, antibiotics, genetic modifications of growth hormones and organisms.

Types of organic agriculture

 1. Pure organic agriculture
2. Joint or integrated organic agriculture Forms of organic agriculture

The use of material obtained from plants and animals in the form of organic materials are available for use in agriculture. These include:

The uses of organic matter in organic farming

here let us run a run a little detail of organic agriculture and its importance

Benefits of organic agriculture include:

  1. Environmental sustainability: Organic farming practices promote soil health, reduce water pollution, conserve biodiversity, and lower greenhouse gas emissions. They also help preserve natural resources and ecosystems for future generations.

  2. Improved food quality: Organic agriculture often prioritizes the use of natural and non-toxic inputs, which can result in higher-quality food with reduced pesticide residues and potentially higher nutrient content. Some studies suggest that organic crops may have higher levels of certain vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants.

  3. Health considerations: By avoiding or minimizing the use of synthetic pesticides and GMOs, organic agriculture offers consumers an alternative option for food production that may reduce their exposure to potentially harmful substances.

  4. Social benefits: Organic agriculture promotes sustainable rural development, supports small-scale farmers, and encourages local food systems. It can also contribute to fair trade practices and foster community engagement.

1. Organic matter
Definition: as part of organic agriculture and its importance, Organic manure refers to the decayed plant and animal products which have been carefully prepared to supply nutrients to plants or crops
Types of organic manure
There are three types of organic manure these are:
(a) Green manure
(b) Farmyard manure
(c)compost manure

2. Cover cropping: Cover cropping is a process of planting certain plats mainly to cover soil surface. By so doing, the nutrients are conserved in the soil
3. Mulching: Mulching is another form of organic agriculture whereby certain dead and decaying plants are used to cover the soil in order to conserve soil water and prevent evaporationeet
4. Crop rotation: Thus is the planting of different types of crops on the same piece of land in a definite sequence so as to maintain the fertility of the soil

IMPORTANCE OF ORGANIC MATTER TO ORGANIC FARMING

Organic manuring as a way of improving soil fertility has the following advantages:

i. It promotes the activities of soil-living organisms such as earthworms, termites and microbes. These organisms promote aeration of the soil, easy percolation of water, mixing organic materials with soil, forming humans and fix nitrogen into the soil.

All these help to promote the fertility of the soil
ii. Organic manure helps to improve the structure of the soil by building the particles of coarse texture soil together.

iii. Mineralization of humans adds to nutrients to the soil
iv. It reduces rapid soil temperature fluctuations. As a result of its dark colour, humans easily absorb heat during the day and lose it slowly at night.
v. Organic manure helps to conserve moisture and prevent evaporation from the soil

vi. Organic manure (humus) has a buffering effect on the soil; that is , it balances the acid-base condition of the soil or soil pH
vii. It prevents erosion because it improves the structure of the soil and reduces the speed of the run-off

viii. Organic matter increases water holding capacity of soil
ix. It increases the rate of water percolation through clay soil
x. It increases the activities of soil microorganisms. It improves the aeration of the soil under organic agriculture and its importance
All these advantages of organic manure help to maintain or even promote the availability of nutrients in the soil.

PROBLEMS OF ORGANIC AGRICULTURE
There are no subsidies offered for most organic farmers.
 
Most countries offer farm subsidies of some sort to farmers to increase output.
So here are a few problems facing an organic farming revolution
 
1. It requires more work to produce goods that are ready for sale.
 
  2. Organic farming may still allow for certain manual input
 
 
3. Organic farmers must have specific knowledge about localized growing systems, which means a farmer going into organic agriculture must have a little knowledge of the climatic condition and time to plant.

 

  1. IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE
    19. IRRIGATION SYSTEMS
    20. INCUBATORS
    21. MILKING MACHINE
    22. SIMPLE FARM TOOLS
    23. AGRICULTURAL MECHANIZATION
    24. THE CONCEPT OF MECHANIZATION
    25. PROBLEMS OF MECHANIZATION
    26. SURVEYING AND PLANNING OF FARMSTEAD
    27. IMPORTANCE OF FARM SURVEY
    28. SURVEY EQUIPMENT
  2.  

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    organic agriculture and its importance