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TYPES OF FRUIT CLASSIFICATION

types of fruit Classification of fruits, Fruits may be classified as simple, foot-pound, and aggregate. Simple fruits are those formed from a flower with a monocarpous pistil. Examples are beans, lemon and mango. Compound/multiple fruits are formed from an inflorescence or bunch whose fruitlets are fused together to form a , jingle large fruits.

Examples of types of fruit

Examples are pineapple and jack fruit. Aggregate joints are formed from a single flower with an apocarpous pistil, carpel constitutes a fruiterer. An example is kolanut. Again fruits can also be divided into two: fleshy and dry fruits.
(i) Fleshy or succulent fruits: This group includes:

1. Berry type of fruit: This has a fleshy pericarp with hard seeds which are embedded in the fleshy and pulpy endocarp. Examples are tomato and guava.

2. Hesperiditrm types of fruit:

This class of fruit is made up of distinct chambers of separated sheets of endocarp. The epicarp and mesocarp are fused together to form the skin. Seeds are embedded in each chamber. Examples are orange, lemon, lime, tangerine.

3. Drupe types of fruit:

this consists of a thin epicarp. fleshy or fibrous mesoearp and a stony or hard endocarp surrounding the see Examples are mango, coconut and palm fruit.
 
4. Pome type of fruit:
This consists of an outer covering and a fleshy edible part which are formed by the swelling of the receptacle. Examples are pear and apple.
types of fruit classification
 
5. Sorosis types of fruit: This is a fleshy multiple false fruit which develop from a dense inflorescence. Every part of each flower forms part of the fruit while the peduncle swells to form the core. Example
are pineapple and Jack fruit.
(ii) Dry fruits:

These are fruits which have hard, dry pericarp. They include:
1. Legume: This has one carpel which can split along two edges. Examples are cowpea, groundnut.
2. Capsule: This has many joined carpels which split along all suctures from base to the apex. Examples are okro, cotton.
3. Caryopsis: This is a simple dry one seeded fruit which does not split open (indehiscent). Examples are maize, guinea corn, millet and other cereals.
4. Nut: This has a hard pericarp which can be broken or cracked. Examples are cashew nut, walnut, almond.

Advantages of sexual or seed propagation of fruits

1. It is very easy to practice. That is seeds can be carried conveniently to the farm
2. It brings about easy multiplication of perfect population.
3. Well stored seeds can remain viable for a long time.
4. It is a sure way to start a disease tree crop.
5. It can be used to improve crops through cross-breeding.

Disadvantages of sexual or seed propagation of fruits

1. Some crops take long time to mature and fruit when planted by seeds. Example is orange.
2. Some seeds are lost in the soil during propagation because of termites, rats and hare.
3. It is difficult to grow crops that are seedless with this method
 treatment of seeds before sowing
1. Pre-soak the seeds. This is to allow some very hard seed to absorb water that will aid germination.
2. Scarification is carried out to loosen the surface of the seeds for easy emergence of the radical and plumule.
3. Chemical dressing of seeds. This is done so that disease organisms do not affect the seeds. It is also to prevent pests from destroying the seeds.

2. Asexual or vegetative propagation
This involves the use of parts of plant in multiplying the plant, parts of plant such as roots, stem and leaves can be used instead of seeds.

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