ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY OF FARM ANIMALS

ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY OF FARM ANIMALS. It is very important for the farmer and student alike, mostly those sitting for exams because this one aspect agricultural science will surely surface

 

MEANING OF ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY

Anatomy refers to the form and structure of the body while physiology refers to the functions of the forms and parts of the body. It is very important for the farmer and student alike, mostly those sitting for exams because this one aspect agricultural science will surely surface during the exams, and to understand the anatomy and physiology of farm animals simply has to do with the physical attributes of farm animals because it will enable him to know more about the nutrition, reproduction and management of his animals.

 

ANATOMY OF FARM ANIMALS

as a student or farmer, the word anatomy should not be too hard to understand, anatomy is a word meaning the external features or structure of every farm animal. it can also mean the various parts of farm animals. lets take critical look at some the physical attributes of most farm animals

 

  MAJOR ANATOMY OR PHYSIOLOGY DIVISIONS OF FARM ANIMALS


The body of farm animals is divided into four major groups: these are
(i) Head
(ii) Thoracic cavity

 

(iii) Abdominal cavity
(iv) The limbs

anatomy or parts of a cow
labeled parts of a cattle

(i) Head: The head is the upper part of the body and students should know the constituents of animal head. The major organs found in the head region include the brain, eyes, ear, tongue and nose
(ii) Thoracic cavity: the thoracic cavity refers to the chest region of the body. The major organs in the thoracic cavity include heart, lungs and treachea.
(iii) Abdominal cavity: The abdominal cavity refers to the stomach region of the body. The major organs in the abdominal cavity include liver, uterus, stomach, oviduct or fallopian tube, kidney( the kidney which looks like a bean oval shaped seed is one of the main organs of higher animals)  ovary, spleen, intestine, gall bladder and pancreas. you can read my post on types of kidney diseases and prevention here

(iv) Limbs: The limbs(details) include the fore limbs (hands) and hind limbs (legs). They are used by farm animals for walking.
Some of the systems which maintain the body are: (i)digestive system (ii)circulatory system (iii)respiratory system (iv)nervous system (d)reproductive system

 

6

  1. IRRIGATION SYSTEMS
    20. INCUBATORS
    21. MILKING MACHINE
    22. SIMPLE FARM TOOLS
    23. AGRICULTURAL MECHANIZATION
    24. THE CONCEPT OF MECHANIZATION
    25. PROBLEMS OF MECHANIZATION
    26. SURVEYING AND PLANNING OF FARMSTEAD
    27. IMPORTANCE OF FARM SURVEY
    28. SURVEY EQUIPMENT

    1. loans for businesses
    2. how to establish enterprises
    3. what is a firm
    4. price equilibrium
    5. scale of preference
    6. concept of economics
    7. economic tools for nation building
    8. budgeting
    9. factors affecting the expansion of industries

    mineral resources and the mining industries

    14. HUMUS
    15. COMPOST
    16. CROP ROTATION

IRRIGATION SYSTEMS
20. INCUBATORS
21. MILKING MACHINE
22. SIMPLE FARM TOOLS
23. AGRICULTURAL MECHANIZATION
24. THE CONCEPT OF MECHANIZATION
25. PROBLEMS OF MECHANIZATION
26. SURVEYING AND PLANNING OF FARMSTEAD
27. IMPORTANCE OF FARM SURVEY
28. SURVEY EQUIPMENT

  1. loans for businesses
  2. how to establish enterprises
  3. what is a firm
  4. price equilibrium
  5. scale of preference

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