ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY OF FARM ANIMALS

ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY OF FARM ANIMALS. It is very important for the farmer and student alike, mostly those sitting for exams because this one aspect agricultural science will surely surface

MEANING OF ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY

Anatomy refers to the form and structure of the body while physiology refers to the functions of the forms and parts of the body. It is very important for the farmer and student alike, mostly those sitting for exams because this one aspect agricultural science will surely surface during the exams, and to understand the anatomy and physiology of farm animals simply has to do with the physical attributes of farm animals because it will enable him to know more about the nutrition, reproduction and management of his animals. anatomy and physiology of farm animals

ANATOMY OF FARM ANIMALS

as a student or farmer, the word anatomy should not be too hard to understand, anatomy is a word meaning the external features or structure of every farm animal. it can also mean the various parts of farm animals. lets take critical look at some the physical attributes of most farm animals

  MAJOR ANATOMY OR PHYSIOLOGY DIVISIONS OF FARM ANIMALS

The body of farm animals is divided into four major groups: these are
(i) Head
(ii) Thoracic cavity

anatomy and physiology of farm animals

(iii) Abdominal cavity
(iv) The limbs

anatomy and physiology of farm animals
labeled parts of a cattle

(i) Head: The head is the upper part of the body and students should know the constituents of animal head. The major organs found in the head region include the brain, eyes, ear, tongue and nose
(ii) Thoracic cavity: the thoracic cavity refers to the chest region of the body. The major organs in the thoracic cavity include heart, lungs and treachea.
(iii) Abdominal cavity: The abdominal cavity refers to the stomach region of the body. The major organs in the abdominal cavity include liver, uterus, stomach, oviduct or fallopian tube, kidney ( the kidney which looks like a bean oval shaped seed is one of the main organs of higher animals)  ovary, spleen, intestine, gall bladder and pancreas. you can read my post on types of kidney diseases and prevention here

(iv) Limbs: The limbs(details) include the fore limbs (hands) and hind limbs (legs). They are used by farm animals for walking.
Some of the systems which maintain the body are: (i)digestive system (ii)circulatory system (iii)respiratory system (iv)nervous system (d)reproductive system

6anatomy and physiology of farm animals

  1. IRRIGATION SYSTEMS
    20. INCUBATORS
    21. MILKING MACHINE

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