fallow farming and importance

what is fallow farming?. Fallow farming simply means allowing a piece of farm land to rest and regain lost nutrients in a natural way after farming on it over a period of time.

The time to allow this land to fallow will largely depend on the availability of enough land. This also will depend on the type of land tenure system practiced within that community wherein the farming activities are taking place.

reasons why people practice fallow farming

  1. Fallow farming is usually practiced in communities with enough farm lands in order to maximize crop yield without the use of chemicals.
fallow farming implement
  1. The practice of fallow farming serves as a means of natural nutrient management where access to government grant, loans and procurement of fertilizers is limited
  2. Fallow farming methods can serve as a natural method of pest control

problems facing fallow farming

  1. The practice of land tenure system is one of the major problems facing fallow farm in mostly Africa
  2. Another problem facing farming is the movement of large farm inputs or machinery such as tractors, ridgers, harvesters and other tillage machines.
  3. One other difficulties facing fallow farming is the cost of labour.

General view on fallow farming system
Fallow farm can also be called bush fallowing in agriculture. The fallow farm method or system of farming is mainly practiced by peasant farmers which is also called subsistence agriculture

In fallow farm system, the use of fertilizer is not much needed in the sense that the fallowed piece of land would have regained lost nutrients during the fallowed period or period of rest.

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Fallow agricultural land refers to arable land not under rotation that is set aside for a period of time ranging from one to five years before it is cultivated again; or land, usually under permanent crops

The increase in intensive farming, including the use of cover crops in lieu of fallow practices, has caused a loss of acreage of fallow land, as well as field margins, hedges, and wasteland. This has reduced biodiversity; fallows have been the primary habitat for farmland bird populations

Most farmers mentioned that they had more fields under cultivation than fallow  land from the mid 1980s on to present time. It is not intuitive however that all cropped areas show higher greenness or NDVI (depending on density, type of …
… However, to fully evaluate this statement, detailed studies are needed in order to assess the temporal profiles as well as the precise amount of areas under cultivation and fallow. It should be noted, that if this is the case, decreased areas under fallow is not beneficial in a long-term perspective, as they are crucial for soil fertility management
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