pre-planting operations in agriculture and farming

Pre-planting operations in agriculture ? pre-planting are operations in agriculture carried out before sowing. pre-planting operations in agriculture include choosing of site, clearing, stumping, plotting, ploughing, harrowing, and ridging.

What is Pre-planting operations in agriculture?

These are the farming activities carried out before planting is done. These activities are carried out to prepare and make the soil conducive for the crop to be planted.

list of pre-planting activities

Pre-planting operations in sequence are: selection of the site, surveying of the soil and land measurement, clearing, stumping, field plotting or farm layout, tilling or ridging, ploughing, harrowing, nursery and nursery practices.

pre-planting operations
pre-planting activities

WEED AND THEIR BOTANICAL NAMES
1. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS AFFECTING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
2. DISEASES
3. 52. SOIL MICRO-ORGANISMS
4. ORGANIC MANURING
5. FARM YARD MANURE
6. HUMUS
7. COMPOST
8. CROP ROTATION
9. GRAZING AND OVER GRAZING
10. IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE
11. IRRIGATION SYSTEMS
12. ORGANIC MANURING
13. FARM YARD MANURE
14. HUMUS
15. COMPOST
16. CROP ROTATION

  1. IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE
  2. IRRIGATION SYSTEMS
  3. INCUBATORS
  4. MILKING MACHINE
  5. SIMPLE FARM TOOLS
  6. AGRICULTURAL MECHANIZATION
  7. THE CONCEPT OF MECHANIZATION
  8. PROBLEMS OF MECHANIZATION
  9. SURVEYING AND PLANNING OF FARMSTEAD
  10. IMPORTANCE OF FARM SURVEY
  11. SURVEY EQUIPMENT
  12. PRINCIPLES OF FARM OUTLAY
  13. SUMMARY OF FARM SURVEYING
  14. CROP HUSBANDRY PRACTICES
  15. PESTS AND DISEASE OF MAIZE- ZEA MAYS
  16. CULTIVATION OF MAIZE CROP
  17. OIL PALM
  18. USES OF PALM OIL
  19. MAINTENANCE OF PALM PLANTATION
  20. COCOA
  21. PROCESSES IN COCOA CULTIVATION
    HOLING AND LINING
  22. YAM
  23. LAND PREPARATION FOR YAM
  24. DEPT OF PLANTING
  25. SPACING OF YAM
  26. PLANTING DEPT OF YAM
  27. STORAGE OF YAM
  28. STAKING OF YAM
  29. HARVESTING OF YAM
  30. COWPEA
    JUTE
  31. FORAGE CROP AND PASTURE
  32. FORAGE GRASSES
  33. SILAGE
  34. PASTURE
  35. TYPES OF PASTURE
    COMMON GRASSES AND LEGUMES
  36. GRASSES
  37. LEGUMES
  38. ESTABLISHMENT OF PASTURES
    1. FORAGE PRESERVATION
  39. HAY SILAGE
  40. FORESTRY IMPORTANCE OF FORESTRY 206. FOREST MANAGEMENT FOREST REGULATION DEFORESTATION AFFORESTATION
  41. DISEASES AND PESTS OF CROPS
  42. MAIZE SMUT
  43. RICE BLAST
  44. MAIZE RUST
  45. LEAF SPOT OF GROUNDNUT
  46. COW-PEA MOSAIC
  47. COCOA BLACK POD DISEASE
  48. <ahref=”https: www.apsnet.org=”” edcenter=”” disandpath=”” fungalbasidio=”” pdlessons=”” pages=”” coffeerust.aspx”=””>COFFEE RUST
  49. CASSAVA BACTERIA BLIGHT
  50. BLACK ARM BACTERIA BLIGHT OF COTTON
  51. TOMATO ROOT KNOT
  52. DAMPING-OFF OF TOMATO
  53. ONION DOWNY MILDEW
  54. STORED PRODUCE MOULD
  55. PESTS OF CROPS
  56. STEM BORERS
  57. ARMY WORM
  58. COCOA MIRIDS(CAPSIDS)
  59. APHIDS
  60. WHITE FLY SEED BUGS
  61. CASSAVA CULTIVATION
  62. CASSAVA MEALYBUGS
  63. VARIEGATED GRASSHOPPER
  64. GREEN SPIDER MITE
  65. COTTON STAINER
  66. COTTON</ahref=”https:>

  67. LEAF ROLLER

  68. BEAN BEETLE
  69. RICE WEEVILS
  70. . PROBLEMS WITH PESTS CONTROL
  71. CROP IMPROVEMENT
  72. PROCESS OF CROP IMPROVEMENT METHODS OF CROP IMPROVEMENT
  73. HYBRIDIZATION OF CROPS
  74. ANIMAL PRODUCTION
  75. THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM OF ANIMALS
  76. THE LARGE AND SMALL INTESTINE
  77. RUMINANT ANIMALS
  78. THE NERVOUS SYSTEM
  79. THE NEURONS
  80. A SYNAPSE ACTION IMPULSE REFLEX ACTION VOLUNTARY ACTION
  81. THE CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM
  82. PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM
  83. THE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM MALE AND FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM
  84. REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM OF BIRDS
  85. THE CIRCULATORY SYSTEM
  86. THE PULMONARY CIRCULATION
  87. THE HEART
  88. THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM
  89. THE TRACHEA INSPIRATION THE EXPIRATION THE DIAPHRAGM
  90. HEAT PERIODS OESTROUS CYCLE
  91. MATING
  92. PARTURITION
  93. MAMMARY GLAND
  94. LACTATION
  95. EGG FORMATION IN POULTRY
  96. LIVESTOCK MANAGEMENT
  97. MANAGEMENT OF GOATS
  98. REPRODUCTION IN GOAT
  99. POULTRY
  100. POULTRY MANAGEMENT
  101. BATTERY CAGE SYSTEM
  102. INTENSIVE SYSTEM
  103. . SEMI-INTENSIVE EXTENSIVE SYSTEM
    PROODING AND REARING IN POULTRY
  104. POULTRY SANITATION
  105. ANIMAL NUTRITION
  106. RATION
  107. CONCENTRATE
  108. ROUGHAGE
  109. NUTRIENT SOURCES AND FUNCTIONS
  110. CARBOHYDRATES
  111. PROTEIN FATS
  112. MINERALS
  113. VITAMINS
  114. FEEDING MECHANISMS IN HOLOZOIC ORGANISMS
  115. TYPES OF DIETS
  116. FATTENING OR FINISHING DIETS
  117. LAYER DIETS
  118. BALANCED DIETS
  119. LACTATION DIETS
  120. MALNUTRITION

  121. RINDER PESTS

  122. NEWCASTLE DISEASE
  123. BACTERIA DISEASES
  124. ANTHRAX
  125. BRUCELLOSIS
  126. TUBERCULOSIS
  127. FUNGAL DISEASES

  128. PROTOZOAN DISEASES

  129. TRYPONOSOMIASIS
  130. COCCIDIOSIS
  131. RED FEVER(PIROPLASMOSIS)
  132. ENDO PARASITES
  133. TAPE WORM
  134. ROUND WORM OF PIGS
  135. LIVER FLUKE
  136. ECTO PARASITES
  137. TICK
  138. LICE

1.

Choice of site during pre-planting operations in agriculture

The choice of a farm site is a part of the activities before planting.
This is guarded by:
(a) The nature of the land (Topography): This is, whether the land is hilly or level. A fairly level land should be chosen to reduce the cost of land preparation and erosion control problem.

(b) The type of soil: This should be considered in the choice of farm site or location. This is because soil is the medium for plants growth and poor soil will produce poor yield.

problems facing pre-planting operations

(c) Availability of inputs such as labour and planting materials: The workers to be employed that will work in the farm must be available in the area where the farm is to be located. Crop planting materials should also be available. The ease of transporting farm produce and sale also guard the choice of a farm site.

2.

Clearing of site during pre-planting operations

The farm site is cleared by means of hand tools such as the cutlass or mechanical equipment such as bulldozer.

The equipment used depends on the nature of the vegetation in the area. In the rain forest belt, cutlass may be required for brushing the under growth while axe, motor saw or chain saw and cutlass are used to fell the trees.

The trees are chopped into pieces. On large scale, bulldozer may be used to remove forest vegetation. Burning can be carried out on the cut under growths and plants, especially in the rain forest area. This helps to add ash which contains mineral used by the soil alkaline.

how Alkalinity of the soil leads to increase in nitrification process and available cation during preplanting activities.

The remains of burnt plants are packed and re-burnt. The larger trunks are left to decay in case of small holding, but bulldozers may be used to push them off in the case of mechanized farming.

3.

how to carry out Stumping during pre-planting operations in agriculture

This is the removal of plant stumps and roots from the soil, it is a tedious operation. The practice is usually, avoided in small scale private farms. Where crop rotation system is practiced, stumping is done. This is usually in school farms, government farms and corporate farms such as cutlass, axe, pick axe, mechanical stumper and bulldozer are used in stumping.

4.

Plotting or laying out of the farm during pre-planting operation

The act of dividing the farm land into sections is called plotting or laying out. This is usually based on the report of soil survey. Soil survey shows the nature of the land (Topography). Soil types nutrients status, soil and water conservation methods to be sued on the land. It also shows where to lacate the various farm stead.

  1. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS AFFECTING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
  2. DISEASES
    1. SOIL MICRO-ORGANISMS
  3. ORGANIC MANURING
  4. FARM YARD MANURE
  5. HUMUS
  6. COMPOST
  7. CROP ROTATION
  8. GRAZING AND OVER GRAZING
  9. IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE
  10. IRRIGATION SYSTEMS
  11. ORGANIC MANURING
  12. FARM YARD MANURE
  13. HUMUS
  14. COMPOST
  15. CROP ROTATION
  16. IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE
  17. IRRIGATION SYSTEMS
  18. INCUBATORS
  19. MILKING MACHINE
  20. SIMPLE FARM TOOLS
  21. AGRICULTURAL MECHANIZATION
  22. THE CONCEPT OF MECHANIZATION
  23. PROBLEMS OF MECHANIZATION
  24. SURVEYING AND PLANNING OF FARMSTEAD
  25. IMPORTANCE OF FARM SURVEY
  26. SURVEY EQUIPMENT
  27. PRINCIPLES OF FARM OUTLAY
  28. SUMMARY OF FARM SURVEYING
  29. CROP HUSBANDRY PRACTICES
  30. PESTS AND DISEASE OF MAIZE- ZEA MAYS
  31. CULTIVATION OF MAIZE CROP
  32. OIL PALM
  33. USES OF PALM OIL
  34. MAINTENANCE OF PALM PLANTATION
  35. COCOA
  36. PROCESSES IN COCOA CULTIVATION
  37. YAM
  38. LAND PREPARATION FOR YAM
  39. DEPT OF PLANTING
  40. SPACING OF YAM
  41. PLANTING DEPT OF YAM
  42. STORAGE OF YAM
  43. STAKING OF YAM
  44. HARVESTING OF YAM
  45. COWPEA
  46. FORAGE CROP AND PASTURE
  47. FORAGE GRASSES
  48. PASTURE
  49. TYPES OF PASTURE
    COMMON GRASSES AND LEGUMES
  50. GRASSES
  51. ESTABLISHMENT OF PASTURES
    1. FORAGE PRESERVATION
  52. HAY SILAGE
  53. FORESTRY IMPORTANCE OF FORESTRY 206. FOREST MANAGEMENT FOREST REGULATION DEFORESTATION AFFORESTATION
  54. DISEASES AND PESTS OF CROPS
  55. MAIZE SMUT
  56. RICE BLAST
  57. MAIZE RUST
  58. LEAF SPOT OF GROUNDNUT
  59. COW-PEA MOSAIC
  60. COCOA BLACK POD DISEASE
  61. CASSAVA BACTERIA BLIGHT

  62. BLACK ARM BACTERIA BLIGHT OF COTTON
  63. TOMATO ROOT KNOT
  64. DAMPING-OFF OF TOMATO
  65. ONION DOWNY MILDEW
  66. STORED PRODUCE MOULD
  67. PESTS OF CROPS
  68. STEM BORERS
  69. ARMY WORM
  70. COCOA MIRIDS(CAPSIDS)
  71. APHIDS
  72. WHITE FLY SEED BUGS
  73. CASSAVA CULTIVATION
  74. CASSAVA MEALYBUGS
  75. VARIEGATED GRASSHOPPER
  76. GREEN SPIDER MITE
  77. COTTON STAINER
  78. COTTON
  79. BEAN BEETLE
  80. RICE WEEVILS
  81. . PROBLEMS WITH PESTS CONTROL
  82. CROP IMPROVEMENT
  83. PROCESS OF CROP IMPROVEMENT METHODS OF CROP IMPROVEMENT
  84. HYBRIDIZATION OF CROPS
  85. ANIMAL PRODUCTION
  86. THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM OF ANIMALS</ahref=”https:>
  1. TYPES OF DIETS
  2. FATTENING OR FINISHING DIETS
  3. LAYER DIETS
  4. BALANCED DIETS
  5. LACTATION DIETS
  6. MALNUTRITION

how Plotting can be done during pre-planting operations

read land survey here
How to use the 3-4-5 metric method in farm plotting: Erect a pole at about the centre of the farmland.

From the pole A, take a base line AB 4m long with a string tied to the pole. Tie another string 3m long to the pole at A and extend to C. A third string 5m long is also tied to pole B and is extended to meet pole C thereby forming a triangle with a right angle at A. arrange poles along the line AB to the end of the farm.

The same is done to the side line AC. Ensure that you sight them to give straight lines. The length and breadth of the farm so measured will make it easy to divide the land into plots. Paths are used to demarcate the land into blocks.

don’t forget to use the comment box and leave a message or suggestion and we will get back to you within seconds.

Related posts

let us know what you think

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.