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Grasses and legumes are two types of plants that are commonly used in agriculture and landscaping. Here are some examples of common grasses and legumes:

Common Grasses:
  1. Kentucky Bluegrass
  2. Bermuda Grass
  3. Zoysia Grass
  4. Fescue Grass
  5. Ryegrass
  6. Bahia Grass
  7. Timothy Grass
  8. Buffalo Grass
  9. Bent Grass
  10. St. Augustine Grass
Common Legumes:
  1. Alfalfa
  2. Red Clover
  3. White Clover
  4. Soybeans
  5. Peanuts
  6. Chickpeas
  7. Lentils
  8. Red Kidney Beans
  9. Lima Beans
  10. Green Peas


Grasses and legumes have different characteristics and uses. Grasses are typically used for lawns, pastures, and sports fields, while legumes are often used as forage for livestock, cover crops, and as a source of protein for human consumption. 


    1. weed  and their botanical names
    2. classification of crops
    3. plant kingdom classified
    4. range land management
    5. pre-planting operations in agriculture


Common Grasses and their botanical name

Common Name Botanical Name read details here
1 Elephant grass Pennisetum purpureum
2 Guinea grass


Panicum maximum
3 Giant star grass Cynodon plestostachyum is a type of common Grasses and Legume4 Carpet grass Axonopus compressus
5 Spear grass


Imperrata cylindrical
6 Bahama grass Cynodo dactylon
7 Northern gamba Andropogon gayanus
8 Souther gamba Andropogon tectorum

Common Legumes and their botanical name

Legumes are vegetable that is not only high in nutrients but also provides great dietary balance
for any  livestock and man
It is any plant that keeps the seed inside pods and here common
Grasses and Legumes
However, there are about 18,000 or more species of legumes on Earth. The common varieties of these crops are beans, peanuts, soya beans, peas,


Lists of common Legumes and grasses

Common Name Botanical Name
1 Centro Centrosema pubescens
2 Stylo Stylosanthes gracilis
3 Kudzu or puero Pueraria phaseoloides
4 Calopo Calopoganium mucunoides


5 Muccuna Muccuna utilis
6 Sun hemp Crotalaria juncea

Characteristics of some pasture crops

(1) Guinea grass (Panicum maximum): It is a dominant pasture grass in the rainforest zone. It is a bunchy or erect or tufted grass. It has a very vigorous growth of about 2m tall. It is a perennial weed and has a short underground rootstock


. It is drought-resistant with a high leaf-to-stem ratio. It is propagated by seeds or stolon. It is palatable to livestock and also good for making hay.


(2) It is a widely distributed pasture grass throughout the rainforest zone. It is erect and about 3 – 5m tall. It is a perennial grass with cane-like stems and dull green or purplish leaf blades


. It is a highly leafy, palatable and aggressive grass. It is a high-yielding grass, propagated by stolon and it is good for making silage


(3) Giant Star grass (Cynodon plectostachyum) == common Grasses and Legumes
 It is a spreading, drought-resistant, perennial grass with a long and rapidly-growing stem.
This grass grows more than one metric propagation high. common Grasses and Legumes
 It is most easily propagated by cuttings and once established, it spreads very quickly, thereby making it difficult to control. It makes a nutritious pasture grass and responds well to fertilizers, especially phosphate Fertilizers.
(4) Carpet grass (Axonomus compressus): It is a perennial crop and a creeping type of grass. Its stems are creeping. Short
, compressed and to-edged.
The stems have the tendency to root at the nodes. The grass does best on the soil where the moisture is near the surface but not on swamps.
It is very aggressive and not nutritious. Hence, it is not so much recommended for pasture.
(5) Centro (Centrosema pubescens): Centro is vigorous and an aggressive-growing legume.
It is a creeping and twining plant with trifoliate leaves that are attached to the stein by a pulvinus.
Stem and leaves are hairless. It is a leafy, perennial shade-tolerant and drought-resistant legume.
 It is self-seeding as the pods split open by explosive mechanism during dry weather and the seeds germinate during the following rainy season.
It is palatable and highly nutritious to ruminants. It is highly nodulated and does well in combination with guinea grass.
(6) Tropical Kudzu (Pueraria phaseoloides):
It is a vigorous climbing and perennial legume. Its stems and leaves are densely hairy and spread over the soil to form a good cover crop/
.. Leaves are trifoliate. It is sensitive to soil moisture, and stress and cannot survive drought conditions. It is propagated by seeds, and its roots are nodulated.
It is usually avoided by cattle on the range, and it can be used as hay and silage.
(7) Stylo (Stylosanthes gracilis):
 It reaches 60 – 89cm in height.
When kept short through regular cutting or grazing, it develops into a leafy plant, which is highly modulated
 Leaves are trifoliate and creep along the ground. They are drought-resistant, propagated by seeds and perform better in dry areas. It takes livestock a little while to get used to the taste.

    161. LIVER FLUKE

uses of Legumes

Legumes are a group of plants that produce edible seeds, which are commonly referred to as pulses.

these Legumes have a high nutritional value and are an important source of protein, fibre, vitamins, and minerals.

Here are some common uses of legumes: common Grasses and Legumes

  1. Food: Legumes are a staple food in many cultures and are used to make a variety of dishes such as soups, stews, curries, and salads. Some common types of legumes used for food include lentils, chickpeas, beans, and peas.

  1. Animal feed: Legumes are also used as animal feed, especially for livestock such as cows, pigs, and chickens. They are a good source of protein and other essential nutrients for animals

  1. Soil improvement: Legumes are known for their ability to fix nitrogen in the soil, which helps to improve soil fertility. Farmers often plant legumes as a cover crop to enrich the soil and prepare it for other crops.
  2. Green manure: Legumes can also be used as green manure, which involves growing legumes and then ploughing them into the soil to improve soil quality and fertility.
  3. Industrial uses: Legumes are also used in the food processing industry to make products such as soy milk, tofu, and tempeh. They are also used to produce vegetable oil and as a source of biofuel.
  4. Medicinal uses: Some legumes, such as fenugreek, have been used for medicinal purposes for centuries. They are believed to have various health benefits, including reducing inflammation, lowering cholesterol levels, and improving blood sugar control. common Grasses and Legumes

Overall, legumes are a versatile and nutritious food source that has many uses beyond just being a dietary staple.

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