COMMON GRASSES AND LEGUMES OF LIVESTOCK

 

COMMON GRASSES AND LEGUMES OF LIVESTOCK AND THEIR BOTANICAL NAMES.  a brief list of grasses and Legumes

please you continue reading, take a few minutes to check out the following post as they will give you more insight on the topic

  1. weed  and their botanical names
  2. classification of crops
  3. plant kingdom classified
  4. range land management
  5. pre planting operations in agriculture
  6. cultural activities in farming
  7. weed control methods
  8. seed and seed dispersal methods
  9. herbicides
  10. crop propagation techniques
  11. importance of living organisms in soil formation

Common Grasses and their botanical name

Common Name Botanical Name
1 Elephant grass Pennisetum purpureum
2 Guinea grass Panicum maximum
3 Giant star grass Cynodon plestostachyum
4 Carpet grass Axonopus compressus
5 Spear grass Imperrata cylindrical
6 Bahama grass Cynodo dactylon
7 Northern gamba Andropogon gayanus
8 Souther gamba Andropogon tectorum

Common Legumes and their botanical name

Legumes are vegetable that are not only high in nutrients but also provides great dietary balance for any  livestock and man.
common Grasses and egumes
Beans
bean seed
 
It is any plant that keeps the seed inside pods.
However, there are about 18,000 or more species of legumes on earth. The common varieties of these crops are beans, peanuts, soya bean, peas,
 
 
 

Lists of common Legumes and grasses

 

Common Name Botanical Name
1 Centro Centrosema pubescens
2 Stylo Stylosanthes gracilis
3 Kudzu or puero Pueraria phaseoloides
4 Calopo Calopoganium mucunoides
5 Muccuna Muccuna utilis
6 Sun hemp Crotalaria juncea

 

Characteristics of some pasture crops

(1) Guinea grass (Panicum maximum): It is a dominant pasture grass in the rain forest zone.

 
 It is a bunchy or erect or tufted grass. It has a very vigorous growth of about 2m tall. It is perennial weed and has short underground rootstock.

 

It is drought-resistant with high leaf to stem ratio. It is propagated by seeds or stolon. It is palatable to livestock and also good for making of hay.

 

 
It is a widely distributed pasture grass throughout the rain forest zone. It is erect and of about 3 – 5m tall. It is a perennial grass with cane-like stems and dull green or purplish leaf blade.
 
 It is a highly leafy, palatable and aggressive grass. It is a high yielding grass, propagated by stolon and it is good for making silage
 
22. SIMPLE FARM TOOLS
23. AGRICULTURAL MECHANIZATION
24. THE CONCEPT OF MECHANIZATION
25. PROBLEMS OF MECHANIZATION
26. SURVEYING AND PLANNING OF FARMSTEAD
27. IMPORTANCE OF FARM SURVEY
28. SURVEY EQUIPMENT
29. PRINCIPLES OF FARM OUTLAY
30. SUMMARY OF FARM SURVEYING
31. CROP HUSBANDRY PRACTICES
32. PESTS AND DISEASE OF MAIZE- ZEA MAYS
33. CULTIVATION OF MAIZE CROP
34. OIL PALM
35. USES OF PALM OIL
36. MAINTENANCE OF PALM PLANTATION
37. COCOA
38.
39. PROCESSES IN COCOA CULTIVATION
HOLING AND LINING
40. YAM
41. LAND PREPARATION FOR YAM
42. DEPT OF PLANTING
43. SPACING OF YAM
44. PLANTING DEPT OF YAM
45. STORAGE OF YAM
46. STAKING OF YAM
47. HARVESTING OF YAM
48. COWPEA
JUTE
49. FORAGE CROP AND PASTURE
50. FORAGE GRASSES
51. SILAGE
52. PASTURE
53. TYPES OF PASTURE
COMMON GRASSES AND LEGUMES
54. GRASSES
55. LEGUMES
56. ESTABLISHMENT OF PASTURES
57. 201. FORAGE PRESERVATION
58. HAY SILAGE
59. FORESTRY IMPORTANCE OF FORESTRY 206. FOREST MANAGEMENT FOREST REGULATION DEFORESTATION AFFORESTATION
60. DISEASES AND PESTS OF CROPS
61. MAIZE SMUT
62. RICE BLAST
63. MAIZE RUST
64. LEAF SPOT OF GROUNDNUT
65. COW-PEA MOSAIC
 

COMMON GRASSES AND LEGUMES OF LIVESTOCK

 
.
(3) Giant Star grass (Cynodon plectostachyum):
 It is a spreading, drought-resistant, perennial grass with a long and rapidly-growing stem. This grass grow more than one metric propagation high.
 It is most easily propagated by cuttings and once established, it spreads very quickly, thereby making it difficult to control. It makes a nutritious pasture grass and responds well to fertilizers, especially the phosphate Fertilizers.
 
(4) Carpet grass (Axonomus compressus): It is a perennial crop and a creeping type of grass. Its stems are creeping. Short, compressed and to-edged.
 
The stems have the tendency to root at the nodes. The grass does best on soil where the moisture is near to the surface but not on swamps. It is very aggressive and not nutritive. Hence, it is not so much recommended for pasture.
 
(5) Centro (Centrosema pubescens): Centro is vigorous and an aggressive-growing legume.
It is a creeping and twining plant with trifoliate leaves that are attached to the stein by a pulvinus. Stem and leaves are hairless. It is leafy, perennial shade-tolerant and drought-resistant legume.
 
 It is self-seeding as the pods split open by explosive mechanism during dry weather and the seeds germinate during the following rainy season. It is palatable and highly nutritious to ruminants. It is highly nodulated and does well in combination with guinea grass.
 
(6) Tropical Kudzu (Pueraria phaseoloides): It is a vigorous climbing and perennial legume. Its stems and leaves are densely hairy and spread over the soil to forma a good cover crop
 
.
.. Leaves are trifoliate. It is sensitive to soil moisture, stress and cannot survive drought condition. It is propagated by seeds, and its roots are nodulated.
 
It is usually avoided by cattle on range, and it can be used as hay and silage.
 
(7) Stylo (Stylosanthes gracilis):
 It reaches 60 – 89cm in height.
When kept short through regular cutting or grazing, it develops into a leafy plant, which is highly nodulated
 
 Leaves are trifoliate and creep along the ground. They are drought- resistant, propagated by seeds and perform better in dry areas. It takes livestock a little while to get used to the taste.
 

22. SIMPLE FARM TOOLS
23. AGRICULTURAL MECHANIZATION
24. THE CONCEPT OF MECHANIZATION
25. PROBLEMS OF MECHANIZATION
26. SURVEYING AND PLANNING OF FARMSTEAD
27. IMPORTANCE OF FARM SURVEY
28. SURVEY EQUIPMENT
29. PRINCIPLES OF FARM OUTLAY
30. SUMMARY OF FARM SURVEYING
31. CROP HUSBANDRY PRACTICES
32. PESTS AND DISEASE OF MAIZE- ZEA MAYS
33. CULTIVATION OF MAIZE CROP
34. OIL PALM
35. USES OF PALM OIL
36. MAINTENANCE OF PALM PLANTATION
37. COCOA
38.
39. PROCESSES IN COCOA CULTIVATION
HOLING AND LINING
40. YAM
41. LAND PREPARATION FOR YAM
42. DEPT OF PLANTING
43. SPACING OF YAM
44. PLANTING DEPT OF YAM
45. STORAGE OF YAM
46. STAKING OF YAM
47. HARVESTING OF YAM
48. COWPEA
JUTE
49. FORAGE CROP AND PASTURE
50. FORAGE GRASSES
51. SILAGE
52. PASTURE
53. TYPES OF PASTURE
COMMON GRASSES AND LEGUMES
54. GRASSES
55. LEGUMES
56. ESTABLISHMENT OF PASTURES
57. 201. FORAGE PRESERVATION
58. HAY SILAGE
59. FORESTRY IMPORTANCE OF FORESTRY 206. FOREST MANAGEMENT FOREST REGULATION DEFORESTATION AFFORESTATION
60. DISEASES AND PESTS OF CROPS
61. MAIZE SMUT
62. RICE BLAST
63. MAIZE RUST
64. LEAF SPOT OF GROUNDNUT
65. COW-PEA MOSAIC

Related posts

let us know what you think

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.