perennial crops and types

perennial crop and types of perennial plants? Perennial crops are crops which complete their life cycle or harvesting time period more than two years after planting. Perennial crops are mainly tree crops. you can check out other posts on crop classification based on uses, morphology, life cycle and  planting method

So going into plantation farming, you need a very large space or hectares of land. The land allotted for planting of perennial crop are lands reserved for no other purposes. check out agricultural land here

Perennial crops are plants that live for more than two years and can be harvested repeatedly. Unlike annual crops, which need to be replanted every year, perennial crops continue to grow and produce a yield for several years without needing to be replanted. Some examples of perennial crops include fruit trees (such as apples, oranges, and peaches), berries (such as raspberries and blueberries), nuts (such as almonds and walnuts), and perennial grains (such as perennial wheat and perennial rice).

Perennial crops can offer several advantages over annual crops, including reduced soil erosion, improved soil health, and decreased need for inputs such as fertilizers and pesticides. Additionally, they can provide a more stable source of food and income for farmers since they don’t have to be replanted every year.

major characteristics of perennial crops

Perennial crop mature for harvesting after two years of planting
Anything perennial crop can be harvested for than 10 times during its life time
Most perennial crop can live beyond ten years

importance of perennial crops

The benefits or importance of perennial crop are as follows
Perennial crop serves as long term sources of income to the farmer
Crops like cocoa, orange and mango are a major source of food for families

Perennia crops are quantum source of raw materials for the industries or agro-allied industries

lists of perennial crops

The major lists of perennial crops in agricultural science are as follows
Cashes tree
Coconut tree
Mango tree
Oil palm tree
Cocoa tree
Cola nut tree
Rubber tree
Moringa plant
“dogonyaro tree” mostly found in Nigeria
Cherry tree
Duca-nut tree known as “ogbono” in Nigeria

guava, bitter leaf, pawpaw and date palm

perennial crop and types of perennial plants? Perennial crops are crops which completes their life cycle or harvesting time period in more two years  perennial crops, orange

frequencies distribution

    34. OIL PALM
    37. COCOA

You can also read our post on classification of crops and their use here

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There are several types of organic manure that can be used to improve soil fertility and promote healthy plant growth. Here are some of the most common types:

  1. Animal manure: This includes manure from cows, horses, sheep, pigs, and poultry. Animal manure is rich in nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium, and can be a valuable source of nutrients for plants. However, it must be properly composted before use to reduce the risk of pathogens and weed seeds.
  2. Compost: Compost is a mixture of organic materials that have been decomposed by microorganisms. Compost can be made from a variety of materials, including plant debris, animal manure, and food waste. Compost is a valuable source of nutrients and organic matter for plants, and can help to improve soil structure and water retention.
  3. Green manure: Green manure is a cover crop that is grown specifically to be turned into the soil as a source of organic matter and nutrients. Common green manure crops include legumes, such as clover and vetch, and grasses, such as rye and oats. Green manure crops help to improve soil fertility, suppress weeds, and reduce erosion.
  4. Vermicompost: Vermicompost is compost that has been produced by earthworms. Earthworms help to break down organic matter and convert it into a nutrient-rich soil amendment. Vermicompost is an excellent source of plant nutrients and can help to improve soil structure and water retention.
  5. Seaweed: Seaweed is a rich source of micronutrients, such as potassium, magnesium, and calcium. Seaweed can be collected from beaches or purchased in dried form. Seaweed can be used as a soil amendment, as a foliar spray, or as a tea.
  6. Bone meal: Bone meal is made from ground animal bones and is a source of phosphorus and calcium. Bone meal can help to promote root growth and improve plant structure.

In conclusion, there are several types of organic manure that can be used to improve soil fertility and promote healthy plant growth. The choice of manure will depend on the specific needs of the plants and the soil, as well as the availability and cost of the different types of manure.

4 thoughts on “perennial crops and types”

  1. Ecological requirements of perrenial crops each?

  2. Usually I do not learn post on blogs, but I would like to say that this write-up very forced me to check out and do it! Your writing taste has been amazed me. Thanks, very great post.

  3. James Akpevwe

    What is advantages of perennial crops ?

  4. Alaru Joseph

    1-What are the advantages of perennial crops?

    2-what are the likely diseases that can affect perennial crops?
    3-The names and controls for the diseases?