VEGETATION ZONES IN NIGERIA

Vegetation zones in Nigeria,, Map of Nigeria showing the different Vegetation Zones
KEY
Sahel Savanna
Sudan Savanna
Guinea Savanna

vegetative zone in Nigeria
vegetative zone in Nigeria

Rain Forest forest vegetation zones of Nigeria

Mangrove and Fresh Swamp Forest

1.

Mangrove and fresh swamp forest vegetation zones

read about aquatic habitat
This occupies the delta part of Nigeria with heavy rainfall of up to 200 cm and more per annum.
The major activities in this region include lumbering (felling of timbers) read about forestry here and fishing.

Swamp rice can also be grown in the area.

2.

planting operations in Nigerias vegetation zones
planting and post Planting operations

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WEED AND THEIR BOTANICAL NAMES
1. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS AFFECTING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
2. DISEASES
3. 52. SOIL MICRO-ORGANISMS
4. ORGANIC MANURING
5. FARM YARD MANURE
6. HUMUS
7. COMPOST

  1. CROP ROTATION
  2. GRAZING AND OVER GRAZING
  3. IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE
  4. IRRIGATION SYSTEMS
  5. ORGANIC MANURING
  6. FARM YARD MANURE
  7. HUMUS
  8. COMPOST
  9. CROP ROTATION

  10. IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE

  11. IRRIGATION SYSTEMS
  12. INCUBATORS
  13. MILKING MACHINE
  14. SIMPLE FARM TOOLS
  15. AGRICULTURAL MECHANIZATION
  16. THE CONCEPT OF MECHANIZATION
  17. PROBLEMS OF MECHANIZATION
  18. SURVEYING AND PLANNING OF FARMSTEAD
  19. IMPORTANCE OF FARM SURVEY
  20. SURVEY EQUIPMENT
  21. PRINCIPLES OF FARM OUTLAY
  22. SUMMARY OF FARM SURVEYING
  23. CROP HUSBANDRY PRACTICES
  24. PESTS AND DISEASE OF MAIZE- ZEA MAYS
  25. CULTIVATION OF MAIZE CROP
  26. OIL PALM
  27. USES OF PALM OIL
  28. MAINTENANCE OF PALM PLANTATION
  29. COCOA
  30. PROCESSES IN COCOA CULTIVATION
    HOLING AND LINING
  31. YAM
  32. LAND PREPARATION FOR YAM
  33. DEPT OF PLANTING
  34. SPACING OF YAM
  35. PLANTING DEPT OF YAM
  36. STORAGE OF YAM
  37. STAKING OF YAM
  38. HARVESTING OF YAM
  39. COWPEA
    JUTE
  40. FORAGE CROP AND PASTURE
  41. FORAGE GRASSES
  42. SILAGE
  43. PASTURE
  44. TYPES OF PASTURE
    COMMON GRASSES AND LEGUMES
  45. GRASSES
  46. LEGUMES
  47. ESTABLISHMENT OF PASTURES
    1. FORAGE PRESERVATION
  48. HAY SILAGE
  49. FORESTRY IMPORTANCE OF FORESTRY 206. FOREST MANAGEMENT FOREST REGULATION DEFORESTATION AFFORESTATION
  50. DISEASES AND PESTS OF CROPS
  51. MAIZE SMUT
  52. RICE BLAST
  53. MAIZE RUST
  54. LEAF SPOT OF GROUNDNUT
  55. COW-PEA MOSAIC
  56. COCOA BLACK POD DISEASE
  57. <ahref=”https: www.apsnet.org=”” edcenter=”” disandpath=”” fungalbasidio=”” pdlessons=”” pages=”” coffeerust.aspx”=””>COFFEE RUST
  58. CASSAVA BACTERIA BLIGHT
  59. BLACK ARM BACTERIA BLIGHT OF COTTON
  60. TOMATO ROOT KNOT
  61. DAMPING-OFF OF TOMATO
  62. ONION DOWNY MILDEW
  63. STORED PRODUCE MOULD
  64. PESTS OF CROPS
  65. STEM BORERS
  66. ARMY WORM
  67. COCOA MIRIDS(CAPSIDS)
  68. APHIDS
  69. WHITE FLY SEED BUGS
  70. CASSAVA CULTIVATION
  71. CASSAVA MEALYBUGS
  72. VARIEGATED GRASSHOPPER
  73. GREEN SPIDER MITE
  74. COTTON STAINER
  75. COTTON</ahref=”https:>

  76. LEAF ROLLER

  77. BEAN BEETLE
  78. RICE WEEVILS
  79. . PROBLEMS WITH PESTS CONTROL
  80. CROP IMPROVEMENT
  81. PROCESS OF CROP IMPROVEMENT METHODS OF CROP IMPROVEMENT
  82. HYBRIDIZATION OF CROPS
  83. ANIMAL PRODUCTION
  84. THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM OF ANIMALS
  85. THE LARGE AND SMALL INTESTINE
  86. RUMINANT ANIMALS
  87. THE NERVOUS SYSTEM
  88. THE NEURONS
  89. A SYNAPSE ACTION IMPULSE REFLEX ACTION VOLUNTARY ACTION
  90. THE CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM
  91. PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM
  92. THE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM MALE AND FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM
  93. REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM OF BIRDS
  94. THE CIRCULATORY SYSTEM
  95. THE PULMONARY CIRCULATION
  96. THE HEART
  97. THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM
  98. THE TRACHEA INSPIRATION THE EXPIRATION THE DIAPHRAGM
  99. HEAT PERIODS OESTROUS CYCLE
  100. MATING
  101. PARTURITION
  102. MAMMARY GLAND
  103. LACTATION
  104. EGG FORMATION IN POULTRY
  105. LIVESTOCK MANAGEMENT
  106. MANAGEMENT OF GOATS
  107. REPRODUCTION IN GOAT
  108. POULTRY
  109. POULTRY MANAGEMENT
  110. BATTERY CAGE SYSTEM
  111. INTENSIVE SYSTEM
  112. . SEMI-INTENSIVE EXTENSIVE SYSTEM
    PROODING AND REARING IN POULTRY
  113. POULTRY SANITATION
  114. ANIMAL NUTRITION
  115. RATION
  116. CONCENTRATE
  117. ROUGHAGE
  118. NUTRIENT SOURCES AND FUNCTIONS
  119. CARBOHYDRATES
  120. PROTEIN FATS
  121. MINERALS
  122. VITAMINS
  123. FEEDING MECHANISMS IN HOLOZOIC ORGANISMS
  124. TYPES OF DIETS
  125. FATTENING OR FINISHING DIETS
  126. LAYER DIETS
  127. BALANCED DIETS
  128. LACTATION DIETS
  129. MALNUTRITION

  130. RINDER PESTS

  131. NEWCASTLE DISEASE
  132. BACTERIA DISEASES
  133. ANTHRAX
  134. BRUCELLOSIS
  135. TUBERCULOSIS
  136. FUNGAL DISEASES

  137. PROTOZOAN DISEASES

  138. TRYPONOSOMIASIS
  139. COCCIDIOSIS
  140. RED FEVER(PIROPLASMOSIS)
  141. ENDO PARASITES
  142. TAPE WORM
  143. ROUND WORM OF PIGS
  144. LIVER FLUKE
  145. ECTO PARASITES
  146. TICK
  147. LICE

Rain forest vegetation zones

This occurs in the Southern part of Nigeria lying above the mangrove and fresh Swamp Forest. The annual rainfall of this one is about 150 cm to 200 cm.

This region consists of tall woody trees and strong undergrowth. Examples of trees found here include iroko, obeche, opepe, mahogany, afara, etc.

There is a high degree of farming activity in this region. Crops commonly grown are yam, coco yam, cassava, maize, rice, plantain, cocoa, rubber, oil palm, kola, mango, citrus, etc.

types of animals found in the rain forest zones of Nigeria

Animals include dwarf goat, sheep, pigs, cattle and poultry. Fish ponds are also kept. Guinea savanna This zone is cutting deep into the rain forest due to continued cultivation.

Such areas are now referred to as derived savanna. The Guinea Savanna area is made up of tall strong grasses Interspersed with trees of moderate heights. Anual rainfall is about 100cm to 150cm.

This zone is the largest vegetation zone in Nigeria. It is an area of intensive agricultural activity. Crops grown include all cereals, legumes such as cow-peas and groundnuts, cotton, yam, cassava and potatoes Livestock include cattle, goat, sheep, poultry and others.

4.

Sudan savanna vegetation zones of Nigeria

This zone is covered with more grasses and short scattered trees and has an annual rainfall of 50 cm to 75 cm. Agricultural activity in this area centres mainly on cattle, sheep and goat rearing. Poultry is also kept while donkeys, camels and horses are equally reared

.

Crops grown are mainly sugar cane, millet and sorghum.
Vegetables particularly carrot and tomatoes are grown along river beds, streams and in areas with irrigation facilities.

5.

Sahel savanna vegetation zones of Nigeria

This occupies the extreme north-east of Nigeria with an annual rainfall of about 15 cm to 50 cm.

It is characterized by feathery grasses and highly scattered spiny shrubs (thorn bushes).
Animals are mostly reared here during the rainy season while drought’ resistant crops like dwarf sorghum and millet are cultivated.
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