what is perennial crop? Perennial crops are crops which completes their life cycle or harvesting time in more than two planting season.
These types of crops called perennial crop completes their life productive cycle from two years and above. Perennial crop are mostly tree crops.
how to identify perennial crops
- Perennial crop matures for harvesting after two years of planting
- Most perennial crop can be harvested beyond 10 years after planting during their life cycle
importance of perennial crops
- One of the key importance of perennial crops is that they serves as source of food for the farmer
- Perennial crops are a major source of income. This is not just to the farmer but a source of foreign exchange for countries and individuals
- Crops like cocoa, mango, orange and coconut are an example of perennial crop which are a readily source of food the people and even animals
- Most perennial crop are a source of raw material for the agro- allied industries
lists of perennial crops
1. Cashew tree
2. Cocoa tree
4. Cola nut
5. Oil palm tree
6. Rubber tree
7. Moringa plant
- Cherry tree
- Duca nut, this fruit is often called ogbolo or ogbono in Nigeria
Going into perennial crop cultivation, the farmer should take into account the availability of enough land and the effects of land tenure system practiced in those communities where he intends to site his farm. The farmer should make sure that the piece of land he wants to use is not a land that the owners would want to use after a few years of lease. The farmer should be of the availability of funds like grants, loans and any other form financial assistance from the government or NGOs
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- 141. LACTATION DIETS
- RINDER PESTS
148. NEWCASTLE DISEASE
149. BACTERIA DISEASES
153. FUNGAL DISEASES
- PROTOZOAN DISEASES
159. TAPE WORM
160. ROUND WORM OF PIGS
161. LIVER FLUKE
162. ECTO PARASITES
can take many forms, but always entails a serious disruption of a healthy balance between five key ecosystem functions. These are: food production; fibre provision; microclimate regulation; water retention; and carbon storage.
Its impacts can be far-reaching, including loss of soil fertility, destruction of species habitat and biodiversity, soil erosion, and excessive nutrient runoff into lakes.
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