Annual crops

what are annual crops? Annual crops are crops that completes their life’s cycle in one planting season or one year life span.
This class of crops usually grow in one year, grow and produce fruits in the same year are also harvested for consumption or for sale by the farmer.   annual crops, seed dispersal
So in reality, annual crops don’t live beyond one year before dying.

importance of annual crops

Annual crops are mainly food crops.
Annual crops can be cultivated through plantation farming or subsistence agriculture.
Annual crop provides income to farmers
Annual grain crops are used for feeding livestock animals

lists of annual crops

Maize/corn
Millet
Guinea corn
Rice
Tomato
Yam
Groundnut
Green vegetables
Water leaf
Beans


Conclusion on annual crop production

These set of crops called annual crop requires high annual rainfall for cultivation
Annual crops should be cultivated on well drained loamy soil for better yield
Farmers who are into continuous cropping system of farming should try as much as possible to make use of fertilizers to boast soil nutrient

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148. NEWCASTLE DISEASE
149. BACTERIA DISEASES

Annuals – Plants that perform their entire life cycle from seed to flower to seed within a single growing season. All roots, stems and leaves of the plant die annually. Annual plants tend to be showier than perennial or biennial plants. The prevailing theory is that they need extreme colored flowers and foliage in addition to more fragrant scents to attract pollinators in the time they have available. This is why annuals tend to be full of multicolored blooms and have sweet smells, as opposed to perennial and biennial plants, such as trees and most shrubs, which have more leafy foliage and have a longer lifespan for pollination to occur. Only the dormant seed bridges the gap between one generation and the next.

Characteristics or features of land

Land is immobile: Land cannot be moved from one geographical location to another

  • The supply of land is fixed: It is practically impossible for man to increase the quantity of land.

Land is a free gift: Land is given freely by nature.

Land is subject to diminishing returns: When a piece of land is frequently bought under cultivation, it becomes less productive

Variability: The quality and value of land varies from one place to another as some areas of land are more fertile than others

Rent: The reward for land is classified as rent

Land has no cost of production: No cost was involved in bringing land into existence

 

Land is heterogeneous: No two parcels of land are the same in value or in other characteristic

Importance and uses of land

Farming purposes: Land is used for the cultivation of both food and cash crops, e.g maize, yam and cocoa. Water provides irrigation for farming activities in dry areas.

Livestock purpose: and is also used for livestock production (i.e. rearing of animals), e.g. cattle, sheep, goat and poultry

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