Classification of crops, uses and propagation methods of crops,

vitamin and deficiency symptoms
vitamin
  1. Classify Crop according to:

    (i) Economic uses (ii) The life cycle

    (iii) Tillage and cultivation practices

    (iv) Number of
    cotyledons.

YOU CAN CHECK OUT MOST OUR RELATED ARTICLES IN THE MIDDLE OF THIS POST

how to classify crops and its uses

  1. Explain the meaning of the terms , annuals, biennials, perennials, arable and non-arable crops
  2. List the geographical distribution of crops in Nigeria
  3. List the factors responsible for the pattern of crop distribution 5. State the uses of crop and their by-products.

CLASSIFICATION OF CROPS



list of fruit crop



The Food Crops are plants grown primarily for the harvesting of any part which is used by people as food or processed into food product. The Non-food Crops are mainly cash crops. These are plants grown for the production of non-food products such as fiber, fodder, alcohol and tobacco

. THE CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM
104. PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM
105. THE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM MALE AND FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM
106. REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM OF BIRDS
107. THE CIRCULATORY SYSTEM
108. THE PULMONARY CIRCULATION
109. THE HEART
110. THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM
111. THE TRACHEA INSPIRATION THE EXPIRATION THE DIAPHRAGM
112. HEAT PERIODS OESTROUS CYCLE
113. MATING
114. PARTURITION
115. MAMMARY GLAND
116. LACTATION
117. EGG FORMATION IN POULTRY
118. LIVESTOCK MANAGEMENT
119. MANAGEMENT OF GOATS
120. REPRODUCTION IN GOAT
121. POULTRY
122. POULTRY MANAGEMENT
123. BATTERY CAGE SYSTEM
124. INTENSIVE SYSTEM
125. . SEMI-INTENSIVE EXTENSIVE SYSTEM

PROODING AND REARING IN POULTRY
126. POULTRY SANITATION

127. ANIMAL NUTRITION
128. RATION
129. CONCENTRATE
130. ROUGHAGE
131. NUTRIENT SOURCES AND FUNCTIONS
132. CARBOHYDRATES
133. PROTEIN FATS
134. MINERALS
135. VITAMINS
136. FEEDING MECHANISMS IN HOLOZOIC ORGANISMS
137. TYPES OF DIETS
138. FATTENING OR FINISHING DIETS
139. LAYER DIETS
140. BALANCED DIETS
141. LACTATION DIETS
142. MALNUTRITION

147. RINDER PESTS
148. NEWCASTLE DISEASE
149. BACTERIA DISEASES
150. ANTHRAX
151. BRUCELLOSIS
152. TUBERCULOSIS
153. FUNGAL DISEASES

154. PROTOZOAN DISEASES
155. TRYPONOSOMIASIS
156. COCCIDIOSIS
157. RED FEVER(PIROPLASMOSIS)
158. ENDO PARASITES
159. TAPE WORM
160. ROUND WORM OF PIGS
161. LIVER FLUKE
162. ECTO PARASITES
163. TICK
164. LICE

The Staple Crops are food crops. These are regularly consumed in a traditional diet and from which people obtain a major proportion of their energy and nutrient requirements. Examples of other staple crops: wheat and millet. 
The Cereal or Grain Crops are mainly annual, herbaceous plants belonging to the grass family which are grown for their seeds or grains. Examples: corn, millet, rice, sorghum, wheat. 

Agriculture, farming, agricultural products and crops classification, cultural practices in agriculture

  1. CROP HUSBANDRY PRACTICES
  1. PESTS AND DISEASE OF MAIZE- ZEA MAYS

  2. CULTIVATION OF MAIZE CROP
  3. OIL PALM
  4. USES OF PALM OIL
  5. MAINTENANCE OF PALM PLANTATION
  6. COCOA
  7. PROCESSES IN COCOA CULTIVATION

    HOLING AND LINING

here is a special article on weeds and their botanical names



here is my post on the botanical names of crop

what is a crop?

A crop is a plant that is grown by man in order to harvest it at some point. The crops grown by the farmer can be classified as follows; <br />
  1. According economic uses
  2. According to life cycle
  3. According to cultivation or tillage practices

YOU CAN CHECK OUT THIS ARTICLE ON WEED CONTROL METHODS

CLASSIFICATION OF CROPS ACCORDING TO ECONOMIC USES. READ HERE

1.

CLASSIFICATION OF CROPS ACCORDING TO ECONOMIC PURPOSE

<br />

Crops in this category are classified or grouped according to the main food substances existing in them. They are as follows.

(i) Legumes

(ii) cereal

(iii) roots and tubers

(iv) vegetables

(v) fruits

(vi) beverages

(vii) oil

(viii) Latex

(ix) Fibres

(x) Spices

(xi) Drugs

xii) Forage Crops

(xiii) Nuts

AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE AND UNDERSTANDING BASIC AGRICULTURE AND FARMING FOR SCHOOLS

Agriculture, farming, agricultural products and crops classification, cultural practices in agricultural science

  1. Legumes:</h23these are crops that have nodules or swellings in their roots. They are capable of converting the Nitrogen of the air into plant/crop food. Such crops are very rich in protein. Examples of legumes are, soya beans, cowpea, <a href=”https://www.fabioclass.com/2019/05/cultivat ion-of-groundnut-arachis-hypogea.html”>groundnut, pigeon pea and mucuna.

  2. Classification of Cereal crops: these are crops that are grown because of their seeds which is used as food by man. Such crops are very rich in carbohydrate. Examples of Cereal Crops are Rice, Maize, Guinea corn (sorghum), Millet and Wheat.

  3. Classification of Roots and Tubers crops: these are crops that store food in their roots. They are very rich in carbohydrate. They form the staple food for most people in Nigeria and sub-Sahara Africa. Examples are Cassava, potato, yam and Carrot.

Classification of Vegetables crops

:<br />

these are crops whose leaves and fruits are used as vegetables

green vegetable

in foods. Such crops are rich in vitamins needed by the body. Examples are tomato, onion, fluted pumpkin, okra, lettuce, cabbage and green vegetable.

5.

Classification of Fruit crops

these are crops that are grown for their fruits which supply vitamin and sugars to the body. Examples are mango, pineapple, orange, pawpaw, banana, cashew etc

plantain

READ MY ARTICLE ON BOTANICAL NAMES OF CROPS HERE

Classification of Beverage crops

:

A beverage crop is the one that produces a potable beverage other than . It can also include crops that produce starch (all cereals) or sugar (sugarcane, sugar beet), which can be used for making a drink or a beverage.

Beverage is a potable drink other than . The word beverage was COINED from the old French word boivre or ‘boire’ that means a drink. There are two types of beverages: non-alcoholic and alcoholic. Common non-alcoholic beverages include coffee, tea, milk, coke, sodas, etc. Alcoholic beverages include beers, wine, whiskey, and other hard drinks.



The common non-alcoholic beverage crops are coffee, tea, sugarcane, sugar beet, coconut, lemon grass, etc.

  1. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS AFFECTING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
  2. DISEASES
    1. SOIL MICRO-ORGANISMS

CHECK OUT MY POST ON TILLAGE SYSTEMS HERE



AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE AND UNDERSTANDING BASIC AGRICULTURE AND FARMING FOR SCHOOLS

Agriculture, farming, agricultural products and crops classification, cultural practices in agricultural science



8.

Classification of Latex crops:

this type crop produces milky sap or fluid called latex. Example is Rubber

  1. Classification of Fibre crops:these are crops that are used in making ropes, rugs, threads and other textile materials. Examples are cotton, jute, kenaf and sisal.• Cotton
    • Malvaceae
    • Gossypium spp.
  • Sea-Island cotton,

• Egyptian cotton

• Gossypium barbadense

  1. Classification of Spice crops: these are crops that are used to flavor food. Examples are ginger, onion thyme and pepper.

  2. Classification of Drug and stimulant crops: these are crops that produce substances or materials used for chemical purposes. Examples are coca plant, kola, lime , Indian hemp and dongoyaro.
  3. Forage crops: these are crops grown for feeding farm animals. Forage crops include Guinea grass, Elephant grass, Gamba grass centrocima and calopogonium.
    a gorilla13. Classification of Ornamental crops:these are crops which are grown for their aesthetic values. They help to protect building against damages. They are also used for environmental beautification.

    Example are Hibiscus, carpet grass etc.

  4. DESCRIPTIVE CLASSIFICATION OF CROPS The descriptive classification of crops is based on five criterions: a) Mode of Reproduction, b) Mode of Pollination, c) Life Span, d) Growth Habit and e) Leaf Retention. The method adopted according to the Mode of Reproduction, has classified the crops into two major divisions as sexual and asexual reproducing plants. 

The 

Sexual category of plants are developed from a seed or spore after undergoing union of male and female gametes. The typical examples include palms and ferns. The Asexual category of plants undergo reproduction by any vegetative means without the union of the sexual gametes or by apomixis. 

CLASSIFICATION OF CROPS ACCORDING TO THEIR LIFE CYCLE

According to Life Span, crops are classified into annuals, biennial and perennial categories. The Annuals are plants which live within a short period of time, for a few weeks or months, perpetuated by seed, and which die soon after producing seeds. Examples include: rice, corn, cowpea, etc. The Biennials are plants which requires two growing seasons to complete its life cycle, the first for vegetative growth and accumulation of food reserves, and the second for the production of reproductive parts. Examples include: onion, cabbage, carrot, celery,

The Perennials include, a plant that lives indefinitely, including all trees and shrubs and many herbaceous plants with underground stems (e.g. corm, rhizome, tuber) like and clump-forming grasses. The Perennial plants continue growing and produce seeds year after year, either from a single plant or, in herbaceous plants, from succeeding regrowth. Based on Growth Habit crops classified into Herbs, Vines, Lianas, Shrubs and Trees.

    <br />

On the bases of life cycle, crops are grouped into three sets.

These are:

(a) Annual Crops

(b) Biennial Crops

(c) Perennial Crops





YOU CAN ALSO READ ABOUT THE CLASSIFICATION OF FRUITS IN THIS POST

(a)

Annual Crops:

These are crops that complete their life cycle in one year or planting season. The crops are planted, grow and are harvested or will die within one year. This group of crops are Maize, Rice, Millet, Yam, Tomato, Millet and Guinea Corn

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(b)

Biennial Crops:

these are crops that complete their life cycle in two years. They use the first year to grow and store food. Reproduction and maturity takes place in the second year. Examples are pineapple, cocoyam, plantain, banana and sugar beet.



(c)

Perennial Crops:

this group of crop takes more than two years to their life cycle. They are mainly tree crops. They include Rubber, Cocoa, Oil Palm and Orange.

  1. CLASSIFICATION OF CROPS BASED ON THEIR TILLAGE PRACTICES
    TILLAGE OR CULTIVATION PRACTICES HERE

On the bases of tillage practices, crops are classified into:

(a) arable crops

(b) Non-arable crops

Arable crops:

these set of crops are also called food crops. Most of them are planted and harvested within one year. The cultivation of arable crops most cases involve total tillage of the soil before planting. The crops includes maize, rice, millet, cassava and guinea corn



(b)

Non-arable crop:

these sets of crops most often does not require total tillage of the ground except the very spot where the plant will be established. They are orange, guava, oil palm, cashew, cocoa, etc. they are often called cash crops.

Classification of crops according to the number of seed-leaf or cotyledon Crops can be classified according to the number of seed leaf or cotyledon.

They are

(a) Monocotyledonous crops

(b) Dicotyledonous crops



(a)

Monocotyledonous crops:

these are crops that have only one seed leaf or cotyledon. Examples are millet, rice, maize and oil palm.



(b)

Classification of Dicotyledonous crops:

these are crops that have two seed leaves or cotyledon. Examples are cow-pea, melon, mango, pumpkin and soya beans.

AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE AND UNDERSTANDING BASIC AGRICULTURE AND FARMING FOR SCHOOLS

Agriculture, farming, agricultural products and crops classification, in agricultural science

green vegetable

Swamp rice can also be grown in the area.



  1. Rain forest This occurs in the Southern part of Nigeria lying above the mangrove and fresh water Swamp Forest. The annual rainfall of this one is about 150 cm to 200 cm.



This region consists of tall woody trees and strong undergrowth. Examples of trees found here include iroko, obeche, opepe, mahogany, afara, etc.



There is a high degree of farming activity in this region. Crops commonly grown are yam, coco yam, cassava, maize, rice, plantain, Cocoa, rubber, oil palm, kola, mango, citrus, etc.



Animals include dwarf goat, sheep, pigs, cattle and poultry. Fish ponds are also kept. Guinea savanna This zone is cutting deep into the rain forest due to continued cultivation.



Such areas are now referred to as derived savanna. The Guinea Savanna area is made up of tall strong grasses Interspersed with trees of moderate heights. Annual rainfall is about 100cm to 150cm.



This zone is the largest vegetation zone in Nigeria. It is an area of intensive agricultural activity. Crops grown include all cereals, legumes such as cow-peas and groundnuts, cotton, yam,

cassava and potatoes Livestock include

cattle, goat,



sheep,

poultry and others.



  1. Sudan savanna This zone is covered with more grasses and short scattered trees and has an annual rainfall of 50 cm to 75 cm. Agricultural activity in this area centres mainly on cattle, sheep and goat rearing. Poultry is also kept while donkeys, camels and horses are equally reared.





    HERE IS MY POST ON FORESTRY AND RESERVES



    Crops grown are mainly sugar cane, millet and sorghum.



    Vegetables particularly carrot and tomatoes pepper and tomato market


    are grown along river beds, streams and in areas with irrigation facilities.



  2. Sahel savanna This occupies the extreme north-east of Nigeria with an annual rainfall of about 15 cm to 50 cm.





    It is characterized by feathery grasses and highly scattered spiny shrubs (thorn bushes).

Animals are mostly reared here during the rainy season while drought’ resistant crops like dwarf sorghum and millet are cultivated.r

FACTORS AFFECTING THE DISTRIBUTION OF CROPS

  1. WATER
  2. SUN SHINE
  3. TYPE OF SOIL AND
  4. ACTION OF MAN

Crops and their bye-products are used in the following ways:

    1. They used as food by man. <br />
  1. Planks from timber are used for making shelters.
  2. Clothing: son many of the clothing materials are made from crop material such as cotton
  3. Used for feeding farm animals
  4. For the control of erosion such as planting of cover crops
  5. For making books and papers
  6. For making furniture
  7. Used for the production of medicine or drugs
  8. Some crop serves as beverage
  9. Some dead crop materials are used as fuel
  10. Used for making compost manure
  11. Some are used in the industries for the production of gums, rubber wares and perfume



AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE AND UNDERSTANDING BASIC AGRICULTURE AND FARMING FOR SCHOOLS

Agriculture, farming, agricultural products and crops classification, in agricultural science

HERE YOU WILL FIND EVERY AVAILABLE TOPICS ABOUT AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE AND BIOLOGY. AND THE LINKS TO THEIR VARIOUS SOURCES.

  1. DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURE
  2. IMPORTANCE OF AGRICULTUREgreen vegetable

    3. SUBSISTENCE AGRICULTURE

    4. COMMERCIAL AGRICULTURE
  3. PROBLEM OF AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT

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