DIFFERENCES BETWEEN MONO-COT AND DICOTYLEDONOUS CROP PLANTS

Monocotyledonous and dicotyledonous crops

Angiosperms
Characteristics
(i) They are the most complex green flowering plants
(ii) They are vascular plants
(iii) They have well developed and complete flowers

(iv) They are seed plants with seeds enclosed in the fruit
(v) They are mainly terrestrial plants
(vi) They show more specialized reproductive mechanism involving pollination and fertilization.

maximum utility

Divisions of Angiosperm—(i) Dicotyledonous plants and (ii) Monocotyledonous plants

Angiosperms can be sub-divided into two classes according to the number of seed leaves (cotyledons). These are: (i) Dicotyledonous plants and (ii) Monocotyledonous plants.

Dicotyledonous Plants

Characteristics

(i) They bear seeds which have two seeds leaves or cotyledons
(ii) The vascular bundles of each stem are arranged in a regular pattern
(iii) Their floral parts exist in groups of four or five
(iv) The leaves have veins arranged in branched network
(v) They have tap root system
(vi) They usually undergo secondary growth

Examples include mango, orange, cowpea, groundnut, balsam plant.

Monocotyledonous Plants

Characteristics
(i) They bear seeds which have only one seed leaf (cotyledon)
(ii) The vascular bundles of the stem are scattered.
(iii) Their floral parts exist in groups of three or multiples of three
(iv) Their leaves have veins running parallel to another
(v) They fibrous root system
(vi) The do not undergo secondary growth
(vii) Examples are maize plant. Rice, oil palm trees and guinea grass

maize

Differences Between Monocotyledonous and Dicotyledonous plants

Monocotyledonous plants Dicotyledonous plants
(i) They possess only one seed lead or cotyledon They posses two seed leaves or cotyledons
(ii) They have scattered vascular bundles of stem Vascular bundles of stem are arranged in regular pattern

(iii) They have fibrous root system They have tap root system
(iv) They exhibit hypogeal germination They exhibit epigeal germination
(v) Floral parts exist in groups of three or multiples of three The floral parts exist in groups of four or give

(vi) They possess parallel venation They possess net venation
(vii) There is presence of large pith, ring of vascular bundle in the centre of stem There is presence of xylem (water conducting tissue) in the centre of stem
(viii) They do not undergo secondary growth They undergo secondary growth

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WEED AND THEIR BOTANICAL NAMES
1. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS AFFECTING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
2. DISEASES
3. 52. SOIL MICRO-ORGANISMS
4. ORGANIC MANURING
5. FARM YARD MANURE
6. HUMUS
7. COMPOST
8. CROP ROTATION
9. GRAZING AND OVER GRAZING
10. IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE
11. IRRIGATION SYSTEMS
12. ORGANIC MANURING
13. FARM YARD MANURE
14. HUMUS
15. COMPOST
16. CROP ROTATION

  1. IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE
    19. IRRIGATION SYSTEMS
    20. INCUBATORS
    21. MILKING MACHINE
    22. SIMPLE FARM TOOLS
    23. AGRICULTURAL MECHANIZATION
    24. THE CONCEPT OF MECHANIZATION
    25. PROBLEMS OF MECHANIZATION
    26. SURVEYING AND PLANNING OF FARMSTEAD
    27. IMPORTANCE OF FARM SURVEY
    28. SURVEY EQUIPMENT
    29. PRINCIPLES OF FARM OUTLAY
    30. SUMMARY OF FARM SURVEYING
    31. CROP HUSBANDRY PRACTICES
    32. PESTS AND DISEASE OF MAIZE- ZEA MAYS
    33. CULTIVATION OF MAIZE CROP
    34. OIL PALM
    35. USES OF PALM OIL
    36. MAINTENANCE OF PALM PLANTATION
    37. COCOA

38.
39. PROCESSES IN COCOA CULTIVATION
HOLING AND LINING
40. YAM
41. LAND PREPARATION FOR YAM
42. DEPT OF PLANTING
43. SPACING OF YAM
44. PLANTING DEPT OF YAM
45. STORAGE OF YAM
46. STAKING OF YAM
47. HARVESTING OF YAM
48. COWPEA
JUTE
49. FORAGE CROP AND PASTURE
50. FORAGE GRASSES
51. SILAGE
52. PASTURE
53. TYPES OF PASTURE
COMMON GRASSES AND LEGUMES
54. GRASSES
55. LEGUMES
56. ESTABLISHMENT OF PASTURES
57. 201. FORAGE PRESERVATION
58. HAY SILAGE
59. FORESTRY IMPORTANCE OF FORESTRY 206. FOREST MANAGEMENT FOREST REGULATION DEFORESTATION AFFORESTATION
60. DISEASES AND PESTS OF CROPS
61. MAIZE SMUT
62. RICE BLAST
63. MAIZE RUST
64. LEAF SPOT OF GROUNDNUT
65. COW-PEA MOSAIC
66. COCOA BLACK POD DISEASE

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  1. BALANCED DIETS
    141. LACTATION DIETS
    142. MALNUTRITION
  2. RINDER PESTS
    148. NEWCASTLE DISEASE
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    150. ANTHRAX
    151. BRUCELLOSIS
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    153. FUNGAL DISEASES
  3. PROTOZOAN DISEASES
    155. TRYPONOSOMIASIS

    159. TAPE WORM
    160. ROUND WORM OF PIGS
    161. LIVER FLUKE
    162. ECTO PARASITES
    163. TICK

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