TYPES OF carbohydrates, There are three types of carbohydrates, they are Keywords, carbohydrates classification. how to pronounce carbohydrate specific carbohydrate diet
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MONOSACCHARIDES OR SIMPLE SUGARS TYPE OF CARBOHYDRATE
DISACCHARIDES OR REDUCING SUGARS
THESE CONTAIN TWO UNITS OF SIMPLE SUGARS AND ARE REPRESENTED BY THE FORMULA C12H12O12. EXAMPLES ARE SUCROSE, MALTOSE AND LACTOSE
POLYSACCHARIDES COMPLEX SUGARS IS A TYPE OF CARBOHYDRATE
These consists of more than two simple sugars or at least more than three simple sugars joined together. They are represented by the general formula (C6 H10O5)n, where n represent a large number. Examples are starch, cellulose, chitin and glycogen.
EXCESS CARBOHYDRATE IS STORED IN THE BODY AS GLYCOGEN-ANIMAL FATS IN THE MUSCLES AND LIVER, WHICH CAN BE CONVERTED BACK TO GLUCOSE DURING STARVATION
IMPORTANCE OF CARBOHYDRATES
The various importance of carbohydrates are listed in the following ways
i. Carbohydrate provides energy required by animals for daily activities
ii. Carbohydrate provides heat during its oxidation, used in maintaining the body temperature
iii. Carbohydrates are used in some ways to build body parts like the exoskeleton of arthropods
iv. Mucus which an important lubricant in our bodies, is made up of carbohydrates
uses of carbohydrates
- Providing energy and regulation of blood glucose.
- Sparing the use of proteins for energy.
- Breakdown of fatty acids and preventing ketosis.
- Biological recognition processes.
- Flavor and Sweeteners.
- Dietary fiber.
The human body uses carbohydrates in the form of glucose. Glucose can be converted to glycogen, a polysaccharide similar to starch
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WEED AND THEIR BOTANICAL NAMES
26. SURVEYING AND PLANNING OF FARMSTEAD
27. IMPORTANCE OF FARM SURVEY
28. SURVEY EQUIPMENT
29. PRINCIPLES OF FARM OUTLAY
47. HARVESTING OF YAM
49. FORAGE CROP AND PASTURE
50. FORAGE GRASSES