carbohydrates and types of carbohydrates

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MONOSACCHARIDES OR SIMPLE SUGARS TYPE OF CARBOHYDRATE

They are the simplest sugars and have only one unit of simple sugars are represented by the formula C6H12O6, examples are glucose, fructose and galactose.

DISACCHARIDES OR REDUCING SUGARS

THESE CONTAIN TWO UNITS OF SIMPLE SUGARS AND ARE REPRESENTED BY THE FORMULA C12H12O12. EXAMPLES ARE SUCROSE, MALTOSE AND LACTOSE

POLYSACCHARIDES COMPLEX SUGARS IS A TYPE OF CARBOHYDRATE

These consists of more than two simple sugars or at least more than three simple sugars joined together. They are represented by the general formula (C6 H10O5)n, where n represent a large number. Examples are starch, cellulose, chitin and glycogen.

EXCESS CARBOHYDRATE IS STORED IN THE BODY AS GLYCOGEN-ANIMAL FATS IN THE MUSCLES AND LIVER, WHICH CAN BE CONVERTED BACK TO GLUCOSE DURING STARVATION

IMPORTANCE OF CARBOHYDRATES

The various importance of carbohydrates are listed in the following ways
i. Carbohydrate provides energy required by animals for daily activities
ii. Carbohydrate provides heat during its oxidation, used in maintaining the body temperature

iii. Carbohydrates are used in some ways to build body parts like the exoskeleton of arthropods
iv. Mucus which an important lubricant in our bodies, is made up of carbohydrates

uses of carbohydrates

  1. Providing energy and regulation of blood glucose.
  2. Sparing the use of proteins for energy.
  3. Breakdown of fatty acids and preventing ketosis.
  4. Biological recognition processes.
  5. Flavor and Sweeteners.
  6. Dietary fiber.

The human body uses carbohydrates in the form of glucose. Glucose can be converted to glycogen, a polysaccharide similar to starch

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WEED AND THEIR BOTANICAL NAMES
1
26. SURVEYING AND PLANNING OF FARMSTEAD
27. IMPORTANCE OF FARM SURVEY
28. SURVEY EQUIPMENT
29. PRINCIPLES OF FARM OUTLAY
3
47. HARVESTING OF YAM
48. COWPEA
JUTE
49. FORAGE CROP AND PASTURE
50. FORAGE GRASSES
51. SILAGE
52. PASTURE

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