the liver and its function in the human body

What is the liver? The liver is one of the most vital organs in the body of a mammal. The average weight of the liver is about 1.2 kg. It lies below the diaphragm and is located on the right side of the abdomen

This is a vital organ located in the upper right side of the abdomen, just below the diaphragm. It is the largest solid organ in the human body and plays a crucial role in various metabolic processes.

Functions of the Liver:

Metabolism: The liver is involved in numerous metabolic functions. It helps convert nutrients from food into substances needed for growth, energy production, and the maintenance of body tissues.

It metabolizes carbohydrates, fats, and proteins and regulates blood sugar levels.

Detoxification: The liver acts as a filter, removing harmful substances from the bloodstream. It metabolizes and detoxifies drugs, alcohol, and various toxins,

transforming them into less harmful forms that can be excreted by the body.

Where can we find the liver in the human body?

liver lies below the diaphragm and it is located on the right side of the abdomen. it partly overlaps or covers his stomach.

How does the Liver look like

 liver is dark red in colour and is divided into lobes. Each lobe is further subdivided into smaller lobes
The gallbladder which stores the bile is connected to the duodenum by a  short tube call the bile duct.
Here this bile duct here it secretes the bile responsible for the emulsification of fat.
The liver as one of the strong organs of the body is able to control major metabolic activities within the body
Having looked at what the liver is, how it looks like and where it is located in the body let us go on to look at its functions too
Major functions of liver in the body
it is found close to the abdomen of every living mammal and can perform the following functions
1. Liver regulates blood sugar.
One of the major functions is that it is capable of converting excess glucose into glycogen which is normal starch, this function of the liver is carried out under the influence of a hormone called insulin
 Detoxification function of the liver
Deliver can also convert materials such as drugs, alcohol etc. So right in the body Liver hurts to convert the harmless substances which are later excreted
 helps in the regulation of blood protein
The body cells cannot store excess amino acids in the body.
So deliver therefore deaminate excess amino acid.
Deamination is the process by which excess amino acids are split into two components, (RNH2) and the carboxyl group (COOH)
the amino group which is poisonous and toxic is converted into harmless urea and excreted while the carboxyl group is processed into carbohydrates are stored in the Liver as glycogen
  helps in the production of bile
 It is the main organ known to produce or synthesized while the gallbladder stones by itself.
It is important to know that the bile formed is transported to the duodenum through the bile duct.
One of the major functions of bile is that it aids emulsification of fats which enhances its digestion and absorption
  It helps in the formation of red blood cells
In the foetus or embryo, it forms the red blood cells. (Erythrocytes) but in adult, the marrow of the long bones form the red blood cells
 It helps to produce heat in the body
The activities of this organ generate heat which helps to maintain the body temperature
7. It helps in the regulation of lipids
Deliver also remove lipid from the blood converts them to glucose and oxidizes them to release energy during aerobic respiration 
 The liver manufactures essential protein
One major function of the liver is the manufacture of most of the central blood proteins like fibrinogen, prothrombin, globulin  etc
9. Liver helps in the breakdown of red blood cells
This is responsible for the breaking down or worn-out red blood cells in adult
 it stores iron
The livers store iron obtained from the breakdown of red blood corpuscles
11. Livers help in the storage of vitamins
 It helps in the manufacture of Vitamin A from carotene and also helps in the storage of fat-soluble vitamin B12 and
 Act as blood Reservoir
livers act as blood Reservoir as it contains many capillaries and blood spaces with a large volume of blood


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