Vitamins and their deficiency symptoms. how to identify deficiency symptoms of Vitamins. when there is a shortage of any vitamin in the body, there are several ways to recognize and administer treatment.
Vitamins are essential organic compounds that are required by our bodies in small amounts for normal growth, development, and overall health. They play a crucial role in various bodily functions, including metabolism, immune system function, and maintenance of healthy tissues.
There are 13 recognized vitamins, which are generally classified into two groups: water-soluble vitamins and fat-soluble vitamins.
in this article, you will learn more about deficiency traits of some vitamins deficiency
WHAT ARE VITAMINS AND THEIR DEFICIENCY?
Vitamins are organic food substances required to by man and other animals only in small quantity or amount for normal growth and healthy development of the body.
Inadequacy or lack of any of these vitamins deficiency can lead to nutritional deficiency in animals generally.
A typical example of nutritional disease is GOITRE.
The goiter is caused as a result of insufficient iodine in diet of man. Goiter is characterized by the swollen of the thyroid gland in the neck.
GROUPS OF VITAMINS
i. FATS SOLUBLE VITAMINS
These vitamins that are soluble only in FATS. E.g. Vitamins A, D, E and K
These are vitamins that are soluble only in water–water cycle. Examples are vitamin-B complex and Vitamin C. some members of the vitamin B-complex are vitamins B1 (Thiamine), B2 (Riboflavin), B3 (Niacin), B5 (Pantothenic), B6 (Pyridoxine), B12 (Cyano Cobalamine), Folic acid etc.
Sources, functions and deficiency symptoms of some vitamins are outlined below
1. VITAMIN A (RETINOL) vitamins deficiency
SOURCES=========liver, eggs, fish, milk, palm oil and fresh vegetables
FUNCTIONS OF VITAMIN A
i. Vitamin A is required for growth of the body cells–cell theory and skin
ii. Vitamin A is required for proper vision and maintenance of the eye
DEFICIENCY SYMPTOMS OF VITAMIN A
I. LACK OF VITAMIN A CAUSES NIGHT BLINDNESS
II. LACK OF VITAMIN A REDUCES RESISTANCE TO DISEASES
2. VITAMIN B (thiamine)
SOURCES OF VITAMIN B======Yeast, unpolished rice– read rice production here, milk, beans and palm oil
FUNCTIONS OF VITAMIN B (thiamin)
i. This type of vitamin is required for proper growth
ii. Vitamin B-thiamin is required for the proper functioning of the heart and nervous system
DEFICIENCY SYMPTOMS OF VITAMIN B THIAMINE
i. Lack of vitamin B thiamin causes beriberi (a condition of loss of appetite, weight and tiredness) and Paralysis
3. VITAMIN B (RIBOFLAVIN)
SOURCES OF VITAMIN B-RIBOFLAVIN====Yeast, soya beans, eggs, milk and green vegetables
FUNCTIONS OF VITAMIN==RIBOFLAVIN
I. Vitamin B riboflavin is required for growth,,
II. Vitamin B riboflavin is required for healthy skin
III. Riboflavin is required for the proper functioning of the eyes
IV. Vitamin B Riboflavin is required for the formation of Co-Enzymes involved in cellular respiration
Deficiency symptoms of Vitamin B Riboflavin
i. Lack of vitamin B Riboflavin causes slow growth
ii. Lack of vitamin B Riboflavin in the body causes Dermatitis
4. VITAMIN B (NIACIN)
SOURCES OF VITAMIN B NIACIN===yeast, beans milk and palm oil, wine, yam and vegetables
FUNCTIONS OF VITAMIN B NIACIN
i. Vitamin B Niacin is needed for cellular respiration
DEFICIENCY SYMPTOMS OF VITAMIN B NIACIN
I. LACK vitamins deficiency B NIACIN IN THE BODY CAUSES PELLAGRA, WHICH IS A TYPE OF SKIN AND DIGESTIVE PROBLEM
5. VITAMIN B (CYNACOBALAMIN)
SOURCES OF VITAMIN B-Cyna Cobalamine===kidney=kidney stone, liver, fish and milk
FUNCTIONS OF VITAMIN B CYNACOBALAMINE
I. This type of vitamin B is used for the production red blood cells
DEFICIENCY SYMPTOMS OF VITAMIN B CYNA COBALAMINE
LACK OF VITAMIN B Cyna Cobalamine in the body causes Pernicious anaemia.
6. VITAMIN C (ASCORBIC ACID)
SOURCES OF VITAMIN C====fresh fruits, and green vegetables
FUNCTIONS OF VITAMIN C
i. Vitamin C aids wound healing
ii. Vitamin C helps to resist diseases and infections in the body
DEFICIENCY SYMPTOMS OF VITAMIN C
I. Lack of vitamin C in the body causes SCURVEY. This is characterized by bleeding gum, poor healing of wounds and low resistance to infections
7. VITAMIN D (Calciferol)
SOURCES OF VITAMIN D CALCIFEROL===fish, milk, egg, liver.
It can also be formed in the skin by sunlight
FUNCTIONS OF VITAMIN D CALCIFEROL
I. Vitamin D is needed for strong bones
II. Vitamin D is essential for teeth formation and development
DEFICIENCY SYMPTOMS OF VITAMIN D
i. Lack of Vitamin D in the body causes Rickets and Osteomalacia
8. VITAMIN E (Egosterol) vitamins deficiency
SORCES OF VITAMIN E=====green vegetables, egg, butter and liver
FUNCTIONS OF VITAMIN E
i. Vitamin E promotes fertility in animals
DEFICIENCY SYMPTOMS OF VITAMIN E
I. Lack of Vitamin E in the body leads to reproductive failures
II. Lack of vitamin E can also cause pre-mature abortion and sterility
9. VITAMIN K (PHYLLOQUINONE)
SOURCES OF VITAMIN K=====FRESH GREEN VEGETABLES, LIKE CABBAGE AND SPINACH
FUNCTIONS OF VITAMIN K
i. Vitamin K aids in blood clotting
DEFICIENCY SYMPTOMS OF VITAMIN K
i. Lack of Vitamins in the body causes haemorrhages
ii. Inability of the blood to clot in time-vitamins deficiency
You can read some of the most interesting topics below
HERE YOU WILL FIND EVERY AVAILABLE TOPIC ABOUT AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE AND BIOLOGY. AND THE LINKS TO THEIR VARIOUS SOURCES.
- IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE
19. IRRIGATION SYSTEMS
21. MILKING MACHINE
159. TAPE WORM
160. ROUND WORM OF PIGS
161. LIVER FLUKE
162. ECTO PARASITES
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