PROSPECT OF AGRICULTURE IN WEST AFRICA

PROSPECT OF AGRICULTURE IN WEST AFRICA

Almost all West African countries have mono – crop based economies i.e. they have only one major crop – source for their revenue.

There is a lot of prospects for agriculture in the West African sub – region as the climatic and soil conditions required to produce abundant food and cash crops, both for internal consumption and for export are quite high.

            Agriculture could flourish in the West African sub – region if the following steps are taken by the various governments:

  1. Zoning of regions to produce certain commodities: Each country could zone the production of certain crops or livestock in line with the favorable climatic and soil conditions in that area e.g., cocoa in the west, oil palm in the East and groundnut in the Northern part of Nigeria.

Importation of farm machines: This will help to promote large scale agricultural production.

Provision of finance: This will help to purchase the necessary input required for large scale agricultural production.

Recruitment of agricultural graduates: Agricultural graduates should be involved in a large scale production since they have acquired the necessary skills to boost agricultural production.

Establishment of farm estates: Large agricultural estates should be set up by the various governments and various categories of agricultural graduates that specializes in different areas of agriculture such as soil scientists, crop scientists, animal scientists, fish experts, agricultural economists, agricultural engineers, etc be pulled together to work and interact in order to produce crops and livestock to feed the nation and the excess for export.

Subsides on farm input: Farm input like fertilizers, seeds and chemicals should be provided by the government at subsided prices to promote large scale agricultural production.

When all these are put in place, it is believed that with heavy reliance on agriculture alone, all the nations in the West African sub – region will be buoyant and their economies can be sustained with or without other sources of revenue to the government.

  1. economic tools for nation building
  2. budgeting
  3. factors affecting the expansion of industries
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  5. demand and supply
  6. types of demand curve and used
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  18. shares
  19. how companies raises funds for expansion
  20.  

WEED AND THEIR BOTANICAL NAMES
1. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS AFFECTING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
2. DISEASES
3. 52. SOIL MICRO-ORGANISMS
4. ORGANIC MANURING
5. FARM YARD MANURE
6. HUMUS
7. COMPOST
8. CROP ROTATION
9. GRAZING AND OVER GRAZING
10. IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE
11. IRRIGATION SYSTEMS
12. ORGANIC MANURING
13. FARM YARD MANURE
14. HUMUS
15. COMPOST
16. CROP ROTATION

  1. IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE
    19. IRRIGATION SYSTEMS
    20. INCUBATORS
    21. MILKING MACHINE
    22. SIMPLE FARM TOOLS
    23. AGRICULTURAL MECHANIZATION
    24. THE CONCEPT OF MECHANIZATION
    25. PROBLEMS OF MECHANIZATION
    26. SURVEYING AND PLANNING OF FARMSTEAD
    27. IMPORTANCE OF FARM SURVEY
    28. SURVEY EQUIPMENT
    29. PRINCIPLES OF FARM OUTLAY
    30. SUMMARY OF FARM SURVEYING
    31. CROP HUSBANDRY PRACTICES
    32. PESTS AND DISEASE OF MAIZE- ZEA MAYS
    33. CULTIVATION OF MAIZE CROP
    34. OIL PALM
    35. USES OF PALM OIL
    36. MAINTENANCE OF PALM PLANTATION
    37. COCOA
    38.
    39. PROCESSES IN COCOA CULTIVATION
    HOLING AND LINING
    40. YAM
    41. LAND PREPARATION FOR YAM
    42. DEPT OF PLANTING
    43. SPACING OF YAM
    44. PLANTING DEPT OF YAM
    45. STORAGE OF YAM
    46. STAKING OF YAM
    47. HARVESTING OF YAM
    48. COWPEA
    JUTE
    49. FORAGE CROP AND PASTURE
    50. FORAGE GRASSES
    51. SILAGE
    52. PASTURE
    53. TYPES OF PASTURE
    COMMON GRASSES AND LEGUMES
    54. GRASSES
    55. LEGUMES
    56. ESTABLISHMENT OF PASTURES
    57. 201. FORAGE PRESERVATION
    58. HAY SILAGE
    59. FORESTRY IMPORTANCE OF FORESTRY 206. FOREST MANAGEMENT FOREST REGULATION DEFORESTATION AFFORESTATION
    60. DISEASES AND PESTS OF CROPS
    61. MAIZE SMUT
    62. RICE BLAST
    63. MAIZE RUST
    64. LEAF SPOT OF GROUNDNUT
    65. COW-PEA MOSAIC
    66. COCOA BLACK POD DISEASE

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