Foot and mouth disease of sheep, goat and cattle

What is foot-and-mouth disease of farm animals

first of all a disease is any condition in which there is a deviation from normal state of health or normal functioning of any or all of the tissues and organs of the animal body
What then is foot-and-mouth disease?
Foot and mouth disease (FMD) is dangerous and highly contagious viral disease of livestock that has a significant impact on livestock production. The disease affects cattle, swine, sheep, goats and other cloven-hoofed ruminants animals. 
the foot-and-mouth disease are diseases of animals that affect the mouth part, the mucous membrane of the mouth and the skin between and around the foot or hoofs of animals

Causes of foot and mouth disease of animal

The foot and mouth disease of animals is caused by a virus
Foot and mouth disease (FMD) is dangerous and highly contagious viral disease of livestock that has a significant impact on livestock production. The disease affects cattle, swine, sheep, goats and other cloven-hoofed ruminants animals. 
Symptoms of foot and mouth disease of animals
For an animal infected with foot-and-mouth disease you will find the following formation
  1. Formation of blisters on the mucous membrane of the mouth and skin
  2. Formation of watery blisters around the hooves of the animal
  3. Inflammation of the udder and teats of  animal is caused by the foot-and-mouth disease virus
  4. Salivation
  5. Infected animal will become Lame
  6. And then most major loss of weight in animal is caused by the foot and mouth disease
Methods of  transmission of the foot and mouth disease
The foot and mouth disease can be transmitted through the following channels
  • Through infected materials like urine
  • the foot-and-mouth disease can also be transmitted through faeces and milk of an infected animal
  • this disease can also be passed along through mechanical means by farmers who are into mechanical agriculture and through the use of machines
How to control the spread of foot and mouth disease of animals
  • to control the spread of the foot and mouth disease, isolation of an infected animal is widely advised
  • if in any way you recognize that there is a material that has been inffected by this disease, the burning and burying of such contaminated material is also important
  • it is important to carry out regular vaccination on animals in order to checkmate the spread of the foot and mouth disease

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