Battery Cage System in poultry

The Battery Cage System. In the cage system, the birds are housed in individual cages, each accommodating a limited number of birds, mostly one or two. This individual cage compartment is the basic component unit of the cage system and it is essentially a laying nest with a sloping floor, feed and water troughs.

It is constructed to permit ventilation from all skies. Usually the sides, top and floor are constructed with heavy galvanized iron.
The cages vary in circle degree of automation. On the one hand, all operations may have to be performed manually, while at the other extreme, practically all the various operations, including, manure removal may be automated.

The poultry droppings fall into a pit (a shallow duct) and are cleaned off with a mechanical scrapper. Under skilled management, the battery system of housing has proved to be the best in regard to egg production, efficiency of food conversion and reduction in mortality.

ADVANTAGES OF THE BATTERY CAGE SYSTEM

some of the advantages of battery cage system of poultry management are as follows

1. This system is used as a labour-saving device.
2. There is less trouble from parasitic diseases such as worms and coccidiosis because the birds do not come in contact with their dropping
3. There is a drop in feed consumption of about 2.5kg per bird during laying period. Less feed is needed because the birds have less exercise and a more constant temperature
4.poultry battery cage system,  feedingBattery Cage System saves space as the batteries are set up in tiers
5. It provides the best opportunity for close individual supervision so that the capabilities and productiveness of each bird can be ascertained
6. Selection is made easier during culling when using Battery Cage System . The birds are directly within view and reach
7. The poultry house is less noisy, and high eggs and body weights are attained by the birds
8. There are fewer eggs with dirty shells

DISADVANTAGES OF THE BATTERY CAGE SYSTEM

1. The battery equipment is more expensive and deteriorates quickly
2. The battery equipment is suitable for only one purpose
3. There is more possibility for technical faults/problems because of automation; higher maintenance cost are encountered.
4. The birds may be bored and battery or cage fatigue can develop because of limited space for the birds to move about under Battery Cage System
5. Complete feeds for cage layers are expensive
6. More eggs are cracked, especially very thin shelled eggs

REASONS FOR PROVIDING SUITABLE HOUSING FOR LIVESTOCK

(i) To protect animals from rain/cold weather conditions
(ii) To protect animals from the direct rays of sunlight
(iii) To restrict the movement of the animals
(iv) To protect the flock from theft
(v) To facilitate management through grouping of livestock according to age and purpose
(vi) To protect the young ones from danger/predator
(vii) To prevent indiscriminate mating
(viii) To ensure maximum utilization of feed and water
(ix) To facilitate close observation/monitoring/veterinary care
(x) To prevent damage of cultivated crops
(xi) To prevent damage of cultivated crops
(xii) To prevent them from contracting diseases from outside
(xiii) To prevent them from pest infestation
(xiv) To facilitate accurate record keeping

CHARACTERISTICS FEATURES OF A GOOD LAYER

(i) A good layer has a broad and square head
(ii) It has a short beak
(iii) It has a bright and bulging eyes
(iv) It possesses a smooth and lean face
(v) It has a large but thin comb
(vi) It has bright red comb and wattles
(vii) It has soft and pliable abdomen
(viii) There is absence of cannibalistic tendencies or aggressiveness
(ix) It has a broad flexible pelvic bones
(x) It possesses a wide, moist cloaca
(xi) It has pale coloured shanks
(xii) There is absence of broodiness
(xiii) It posseses a glossy plumage
(xiv) It must have a short clutch

in a nutshell when it comes to egg production, the use of battery cage system for poultry is advised

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WEED AND THEIR BOTANICAL NAMES
1. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS AFFECTING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
2. DISEASES
3. 52. SOIL MICRO-ORGANISMS
4. ORGANIC MANURING
5. FARM YARD MANURE

7. COMPOST
8. CROP ROTATION
9.
11. IRRIGATION SYSTEMS
12. ORGANIC MANURING
13. FARM YARD MANURE
14. HUMUS
15. COMPOST
16. CROP ROTATION

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  1. IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE
    IRRIGATION SYSTEMS
    20. INCUBATORS
    21. MILKING MACHINE
    22. SIMPLE FARM TOOLS
    23. AGRICULTURAL MECHANIZATION
    24. THE CONCEPT OF MECHANIZATION
    25. PROBLEMS OF MECHANIZATION
    26. SURVEYING AND PLANNING OF FARMSTEAD
    27. IMPORTANCE OF FARM SURVEY
    28. SURVEY EQUIPMENT
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