Death rate and how it affects population

Death rate and how it affects population. Definition: Death rate (or mortality rate) of a country refers to the rate at which people (both adult and children) die in a country.

Generally, high death rate leads to population decrease or low population, while low death rate leads to increase in population.

Factors affecting death rate


(1)        Ratio of male to female: When there are more males than females, there will be a low

child-bearing rate, which will reduce the population.

(2)        Poor medical services: When medical services are poor, death rate tends to increase

(3)        High rate of infant mortality: High rate of infant mortality leads to decrease in population.

(4)        Poverty: High level of poverty among the people leads to high death rate, as such people may not have the means of taking care of their families.

(5)        Natural disasters: Natural disasters like earthquakes, flooding can lead to high death rate

(6)        Man-made disasters: The occurrence of man-made disasters like wars, conflicts and pollution is capable of leading to high death rate.

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