subsistence and commercial agriculture

DIFFERENCE BETWEEN SUBSISTENCE AND COMMERCIAL AGRICULTURE. THERE A LOT OF difference between subsistence and commercial agriculture and they are listed in the following order.

Although these differences can be very negligible but can be feasible to recognize. You can also read my article:

  1. characteristics of commercial agriculture
  2. Characteristics of subsistence agriculture
  3. Advantages and disadvantages of mechanized agriculture or
  4. cropping system

fertilizers application on commercial farm

How to identify the differences between subsistence agriculture through its characteristics

  1. one of the characters of subsistence agriculture is that small land area is required
  2. the sole purpose of a subsistence agriculture is to produce food mainly for the family consumption
  3. in subsistence agriculture, crude tools are majorly used due to the fact that advanced implement are very expensive to buy
  4. unskilled or manual labour are largely employed

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  1. in subsistence agriculture, returns or yield are very low
  2. subsistence agriculture requires very small capital to start
  3. subsistence agriculture does not require any strategic marketing ability
  4. there are no use of advanced pest and disease control methods in subsistence agriculture

. subsistence agriculture does require any formal education to embark on it

  1. building of any large storage facility is not needed in subsistence agriculture
  2. subsistence agriculture are mostly practiced in developing countries with lots of peasant farmers
  3. the practice of subsistence agriculture usually leaves the environment free of pollution
  4. there is low environmental degradation in subsistence agriculture
  5. the use of agro-allied chemicals such as herbicide and fertilizers are very minimal in subsistence agriculture

15. subsistence agriculture usually involves the mixed cropping system agriculture

  1. most often in subsistence agriculture, the use of farm records are absent
  2. specialization in subsistence agriculture is absent
    Now much has been said about subsistence agriculture, so let us look into how to clinically identify commercial agriculture. These are

difference between commercial agriculture and subsistence agriculture

  1. in commercial agriculture, large areas of land is usually cultivated and mechanized
  2. commercial agriculture is mainly engaged for the purpose of sales and export
  3. complex modern tools and implements are used in the practice of commercial agriculture
  4. skilled labour are largely employed in commercial agriculture
  5. Commercial agriculture requires huge capital investment
  6. Commercial agriculture requires high marketing strategies
  7. Pest and disease control methods are largely employed in commercial agriculture
  8. Commercial agriculture requires special skill, education and technical know-how
  9. In commercial agriculture, storage and specialized facilities are needed
    they create more jobs and stimulate rural economies more than either big plantations or small holder contract farmers. Yet cumulatively, such farms may threaten to dispossess small holders,

Return on investment in commercial agriculture is very high, so lets look at some major difference between subsistence and commercial agriculture. here are seven differences that makes commercial agriculture different from subsistence agriculture

  1. Commercial agriculture is mostly practiced by companies or rich farmers
  2. Commercial agriculture causes pollution
  3. Commercial agriculture most often leads to environmental degradation due to use of heavy machinery
  4. In commercial agriculture, farming activities are usually accomplished through the use of agro-chemicals
  5. In commercial agriculture, mono-cropping system of farming is usually practiced
  6. Farm records are kept to every detail in commercial agriculture
  7. Farmers usually specialize in crop or animal production in commercial agriculture


The practice of any of the above type of agriculture is largely dependent on the purpose of going into farm activity.

If the purpose is for sales and export, then the person involve will likely go into commercial agriculture but if the purpose is to produce food enough for family consumption, then subsistence agriculture is likely to be engaged.

If you have any question regarding difference between subsistence and commercial agriculture, please feel free to leave your comment and we will get back to you in no time.

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