WHAT IS OVULATION AND IT OCCURS?

What is ovulation?

Ovulation is the name of the process that happens usually once in every menstrual cycle, when hormone changes trigger an ovary to release an egg. In this article, we look more closely at this process and explain how you use this knowledge to help you to become pregnant.

demand for eggs
demand and supply

What is ovulation?
What is the difference between ovulation and fertile days?
When am I most fertile?
When do you ovulate?
How long does ovulation last?

Woman tracking her ovulation days with an app

Ovulation is the process when hormone changes trigger an ovary to release an egg.
You can only become pregnant if a sperm meets with and fertilizes an egg.
Ovulation normally occurs 24 to 36 hours after the luteinizing hormone (LH) surge, so identifying this LH surge helps you to determine when you are about to ovulate.

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Sperm can remain active for up to five days, so couples can conceive by having intercourse prior to the egg being released.
Clearblue Ovulation Tests are at least 99% accurate at detecting the LH surge.

Ovulation

Ovulation is the name of the process that happens usually once in every menstrual cycle when hormone changes trigger an ovary to release an egg. You can only become pregnant if a sperm fertilizes an egg. Ovulation usually happens 12 to 16 days before your next period starts.

The eggs are contained in your ovaries. During the first part of each menstrual cycle, one of the eggs is being grown and matured.

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female reproductive organs

As you approach ovulation, your body produces increasing amounts of a hormone called estrogen, which causes the lining of your uterus to thicken and helps create a sperm friendly environment.
These high estrogen levels trigger a sudden increase in another hormone called luteinising hormone (LH). The ‘LH’ surge causes the release of the mature egg from the ovary – this is ovulation.
Ovulation normally occurs 24 to 36 hours after the LH surge, which is why the LH surge is a good predictor of peak fertility.
The egg can only be fertilized for up to 24 hours after ovulation. If it isn’t fertilized the lining of the womb is shed (the egg is lost with it) and your period begins. This marks the start of the next menstrual cycle.

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