What is soil texture and importance of soil texture

what is soil texture and it’s effect on crops production?

Soil texture can be defined as the relative proportion of the soil particles present in a soil sample.
In clear terms, soil texture can be said to be the relative degree of fineness or coarseness of particles of soil in a soil sample 

Each of the spoil particle sizes in degree is called a fraction
So here is a little table of soil texture showing their degree of fineness

Soil sample fractions Range of diameter in (mm)
Coarse sand 2-0.2
Fine sand 0.2-0.02
Silt 0.02-0,002
Clay 0.002 and below

importance of soil texture  to farming activities and agricultural production

When we talk of the importance of soil texture, we are simply saying is there any benefit of soil texture to a farmer
So the following are the various ways soil texture can be of benefit to a farmer

1. Soil texture of a sample of soil determines the holding capacity of the soil of the environment
2. The relative sizes of the soil particles making the soil texture helps in soil air movement
3. The soil texture of a portion of land or soil determines the plant root penetration
4. Soil texture can also affect the level of tillage ease of a portion of land

5. During harvesting of crops like cassava the soil texture determines the hardness of the soil thereby making it easy or hard to uproot
Soil texture can adversely affect the retention capacity of the soil

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