weeds in Nigeria and their botanicals

there are many more weed species found in Nigeria. The impact and presence of specific weeds may vary depending on the region and local conditions.

BOTANICAL NAMES OF WEEDS IN NIGERIA

  1. Elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum): A tall grass with broad leaves that can quickly invade agricultural fields and pastures.
  2. Siam weed (Chromolaena odorata): An invasive plant that overgrows and competes with native vegetation, particularly in disturbed areas.
  3. Water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes): A free-floating aquatic plant that forms dense mats on water bodies, leading to ecological and economic problems.

  1. Mimosa pudica (Sensitive plant): A creeping plant that folds its leaves and collapses its stems when touched, often considered a weed in agricultural fields.
  2. Chromolaena (Chromolaena odorata): A bushy plant with purple flowers that can spread rapidly and dominate disturbed areas.
  3. Mexican sunflower (Tithonia diversifolia): A tall plant with orange flowers that can become weedy and invasive in some areas, particularly in disturbed habitats.

  1. Goosegrass (Eleusine indica): A common grassy weed found in lawns, gardens, and agricultural fields, characterized by its flattened stems and spikelets.
  2. Cogon grass (Imperata cylindrica): A perennial grass with sharp-edged leaves that can form dense stands and is challenging to control.

  1. Parthenium weed (Parthenium hysterophorus): A highly invasive and aggressive weed that can outcompete native plants and cause allergies in humans and livestock.

  1. Purple nutsedge (Cyperus rotundus): A perennial weed with triangular stems and purple flower spikes that can be troublesome in gardens and agricultural fields.

13 Tropical kudzu Amaranthus spinosus

14 Centro– Calapogonium mucunoides

15 Blue flower or water grass –Centrosema pubescens

16. Spear grass –Imperata cylindrical

17 Striga — Commelina spp

18 Wild potato or morning glory– Striga senegalensis

19 Broom weed –Ipomea spp

20 Emilia–Sida acuta
21 Giant star grass –Emilia sonchifolia
22 Stubborn grass –Cynodon nlemfuensis

23 Sensitive plant –Sporobolus pyramidalis

24 Bur weed –Mimosa pudica

25 Acanthospermum hisidum

READ THE FULL LISTS OF WEEDS– weeds and their botanical names

1. Blue feather—————-Commelina nudiflora

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2. BAHAMA GRASS—————–Cynodon dactylon

BUR WEED————–Triumfetta rhumboidea

CALAPO—————–Calapagonium mucunoides

CARPET GRASS———–Axonopus compressors
to understand the effect of leaching and liming, read
here

names of Nigerian weeds and their botanical names

CELOCIA——————————–Celosia rotundus

CENTRO———————————–Centrocema pubescens

DESMODIUM—————————–Desmodium Spp

DODDER———————————-Cascuta Americana

ELEPHANT GRASS———————-Pennisetum purpurium
CLASSIFICATION OF CROPS
EMILLIA———————————–Emillia sognifochia

you can read my post on bush fallowing here

here is my detailed article on the botanical names of crop

you can read more about weed control methods here

FOXTAIL GRASS————–Setaria barbata

GOAT WEED—————-Ageretum conyzoides

GUINEA GRASS————Panacum maximum

GIANT STAR GRASS=============Cynodon plectostachyus

GUATEMALA GRASS————————Tripsaum laxum

100 names of weeds

GRAGOSTIC GRASS————————Gragrostic aspera

LEMON GRASS—————————Cymbopogon citratus

weeds and their botanical names

MILK WEED——————————–Euphorbia hirta

MISTLETOE————————————–LORANTHUS PENTAGON

MONEY WEED——————————–accanthospernum hispidum

NORTHERN GAMBA GRASS——————-Andropogon gayanus

GLORIOSA PLANT————————-Gloriosa superba

PARA GRASS——————————–Pernicum barbinode

PANGOLA GRASS—————————Digitaria decumbens

PIG WEED———————————–Boerhavia diffusa

SOME OF THESE WEEDS ARE VERY USEFUL TO MAN. YOU CAN READ MORE HERE

read how weeds can be used as mulching materials

Weeds are generally considered unwanted or undesirable plants that grow in areas where they are not intentionally cultivated. They are often vigorous, and fast-growing, and can compete with desired plants for resources such as sunlight, water, and nutrients. Weeds can be found in various environments, including gardens, lawns, agricultural fields, forests, and natural habitats.

Weeds can cause several issues, including:

  1. Competition for resources: Weeds can outcompete cultivated plants or native vegetation, reducing their growth and yield potential.
  2. Reduced crop productivity: Weeds can reduce agricultural yields by competing with crops for resources and space.

  1. Pest and disease hosts: Weeds can harbour pests and diseases that can spread to cultivated plants.
  2. Aesthetic impact: Weeds can detract from the visual appeal of landscapes, gardens, and lawns.
  3. Ecological disruption: In natural habitats, invasive weeds can disrupt native ecosystems by displacing native plants and altering ecological processes.
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