there are many more weed species found in Nigeria. The impact and presence of specific weeds may vary depending on the region and local conditions.
BOTANICAL NAMES OF WEEDS IN NIGERIA
- Elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum): A tall grass with broad leaves that can quickly invade agricultural fields and pastures.
- Siam weed (Chromolaena odorata): An invasive plant that overgrows and competes with native vegetation, particularly in disturbed areas.
- Water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes): A free-floating aquatic plant that forms dense mats on water bodies, leading to ecological and economic problems.
- Mimosa pudica (Sensitive plant): A creeping plant that folds its leaves and collapses its stems when touched, often considered a weed in agricultural fields.
- Chromolaena (Chromolaena odorata): A bushy plant with purple flowers that can spread rapidly and dominate disturbed areas.
- Mexican sunflower (Tithonia diversifolia): A tall plant with orange flowers that can become weedy and invasive in some areas, particularly in disturbed habitats.
- Goosegrass (Eleusine indica): A common grassy weed found in lawns, gardens, and agricultural fields, characterized by its flattened stems and spikelets.
- Cogon grass (Imperata cylindrica): A perennial grass with sharp-edged leaves that can form dense stands and is challenging to control.
- Parthenium weed (Parthenium hysterophorus): A highly invasive and aggressive weed that can outcompete native plants and cause allergies in humans and livestock.
- Purple nutsedge (Cyperus rotundus): A perennial weed with triangular stems and purple flower spikes that can be troublesome in gardens and agricultural fields.
13 Tropical kudzu Amaranthus spinosus
14 Centro– Calapogonium mucunoides
15 Blue flower or water grass –Centrosema pubescens
16. Spear grass –Imperata cylindrical
17 Striga — Commelina spp
18 Wild potato or morning glory– Striga senegalensis
19 Broom weed –Ipomea spp
20 Emilia–Sida acuta
21 Giant star grass –Emilia sonchifolia
22 Stubborn grass –Cynodon nlemfuensis
23 Sensitive plant –Sporobolus pyramidalis
24 Bur weed –Mimosa pudica
25 Acanthospermum hisidum
READ THE FULL LISTS OF WEEDS– weeds and their botanical names
1. Blue feather—————-Commelina nudiflora
2. BAHAMA GRASS—————–Cynodon dactylon
BUR WEED————–Triumfetta rhumboidea
CARPET GRASS———–Axonopus compressors
to understand the effect of leaching and liming, read here
names of Nigerian weeds and their botanical names
ELEPHANT GRASS———————-Pennisetum purpurium
CLASSIFICATION OF CROPS
FOXTAIL GRASS————–Setaria barbata
GOAT WEED—————-Ageretum conyzoides
GUINEA GRASS————Panacum maximum
GIANT STAR GRASS=============Cynodon plectostachyus
GUATEMALA GRASS————————Tripsaum laxum
100 names of weeds
GRAGOSTIC GRASS————————Gragrostic aspera
LEMON GRASS—————————Cymbopogon citratus
weeds and their botanical names
MILK WEED——————————–Euphorbia hirta
MONEY WEED——————————–accanthospernum hispidum
NORTHERN GAMBA GRASS——————-Andropogon gayanus
GLORIOSA PLANT————————-Gloriosa superba
PARA GRASS——————————–Pernicum barbinode
PANGOLA GRASS—————————Digitaria decumbens
PIG WEED———————————–Boerhavia diffusa
Weeds are generally considered unwanted or undesirable plants that grow in areas where they are not intentionally cultivated. They are often vigorous, and fast-growing, and can compete with desired plants for resources such as sunlight, water, and nutrients. Weeds can be found in various environments, including gardens, lawns, agricultural fields, forests, and natural habitats.
Weeds can cause several issues, including:
- Competition for resources: Weeds can outcompete cultivated plants or native vegetation, reducing their growth and yield potential.
- Reduced crop productivity: Weeds can reduce agricultural yields by competing with crops for resources and space.
- Pest and disease hosts: Weeds can harbour pests and diseases that can spread to cultivated plants.
- Aesthetic impact: Weeds can detract from the visual appeal of landscapes, gardens, and lawns.
- Ecological disruption: In natural habitats, invasive weeds can disrupt native ecosystems by displacing native plants and altering ecological processes.