Diseases of Pigs:
Common diseases of pigs include: brucellosis, anthrax, bovine mastitis, hog cholera or swine fever, pleuro pneumonia, enteritis or swine dysentery and transmissible gastroenteritis.
1. Brucellosis or Contagious abortion: This disease is caused by a bacterium called Brucella abortus. Symptoms include: high fever, diarrhea and dysentery, posterior paralysis and premature abortions. The disease is transmitted through contaminated feed, water and infected animals.
Control measures include: isolation of infected animals, proper sanitation and regular vaccination.
2. Anthrax: This disease is caused by bacterium and transmitted through contaminated feed, water, equipment and infected animals.
Symptoms include: high fever, depression, blood oozing from nose, mouth, anus, or carcass, lack of appetite and sudden death.
Control is by proper sanitation, vaccination and isolation of infected animals.
3. Enteritis or Swine dysentery: This is a bacteria disease that causes serious digestive tract disorder.
Symptoms include high temperature, loss of appetite, frequent passage of watery, foul smelling faeces (which may be bloody) and loss of weight.
Control measures include the administration of sulphur drugs and antibiotics such as Terramycin and Aureomycin.
4. Hog cholera or Swine fever: This disease is caused by a virus. It affects pigs of all ages.
Symptoms include: high body temperature, diarrhea and vomiting.
The only control measure is to kill affected animals and bury them.
5. Transmissible gastro-enteritis This disease is caused by a bacterium and attacks piglets mostly.
Symptoms include diarrhea, vomiting and sudden death. The faeces of affected piglets are usually white or green in colour. Antibiotics and sulphonamide drugs are used to cure the disease.