USES OF BARNS and other storage systems
These are used for storing yam tubers. The method involves the tying of yam tubers with strong twine to small vertical poles, which are supported by strong horizontal poles, also tied to solid stakes. Shade is needed over the barn to prevent the tubers from excessive drying
Advantages of the barn method
1. It is cheap to construct as forest woods and ropes can readily obtained (especially in the high forest).
2. The yam tubers do not get rotten quickly because they are raised from the ground
3. It is easy to detect any tuber that is going bad.
4. It can be
used to safeguard yam tubers from being eaten by the mammalian pests (e.g. rodents) and insect pests (e.g. yam beetle)
1. The method is laborious
2. Yam tubers are affected by weather conditions. For example tubers become dehydrated after
2. Boxes and Underground Pits or Trenches These are used for storing cassava tubers. Yam tubers can also be ill lor a short time in underground pits immediately after harvest. Underground pit is most common for storing cassava tubers. Under this method, layers of palm fronds are laid at the bottom of the pit. Then one or two layers of cassava tubers which must be harvested it bruise, are arranged on top of the fronds. Another layer of is laid and tubers arranged on top. This procedure is followed ill tin pit is filled or the tubers to be stored are finished. The top is llh covered with a layer of palm fronds and about 10 cm thick of soil.
The use of boxes has the same procedure, except that moist saw dust is used in place of palm fronds. The moist saw dust is placed round on top of the tubers and the tubers are also arranged in layers.
1. It can be used to store cassava tubers up to 6 weeks.
2. The method is cheap and not too laborious.
3. If boxes are used, they can be transported.
1. Cassava tubers may get rotten if not properly stored
2. It cannot keep tubers for a very long time.
importance of silos
Silo used for Storing Dry Grains.
Advantages of silos
1. They protect the products from insects and rodents.
2. They can accommodate large quantities of grains.
3. Because they are alright, fumigants can be safely used to protect the grains.
4. They can test for Very long time.
Disadvantages of silos
1. Silos are very expensive to construct
2. They are not movable. . .
3. Grains could mould if not dried properly.
These are also used to store maize particularly dried unshelled cobs which have been dehusked. Cribs consist of side poles covered by wiwe—mesh or lined closely with thatch or zinc.
Figure 3.7.3: Maize Cobs in a Crib.
1. It is cheap and easy to use.
2. Grains are protected from rodents and birds.
3. The method can keep maize for a long time.
1. It cannot accommodate large quantities at a time
2. Does not protect the grains from insects or weevils.
5. Bags or Sacks
These include jute and hessian bags as well as polythene bags. They are used for storing products such as garri(cassava flour), melon, rice and other grains. They can be kept in rooms or store while raised from the ground.
1. They are simple and cheap to use.
2. Different sizes are available for use for different quantities of products.
3. They can be used for a wide variety of products.
4. They make transportation of products easy.
. They are not solid enough to protect products from rats and insects.
2. They require good rooms or store for safe-keeping.
read more on farm storage here
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HERE YOU WILL FIND EVERY AVAILABLE TOPICS ABOUT AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE AND BIOLOGY. AND THE LINKS TO THEIR VARIOUS SOURCES.
1. DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURE
2. IMPORTANCE OF AGRICULTURE
3. SUBSISTENCE AGRICULTURE
126. CROP ROTATION
133. FARM POWER AND MACHINERY
134. SOURCES OF FARM POWER
135. HUMAN SOURCE
142. FIELD MACHINES
164. SIMPLE FARM TOOLS
165. AGRICULTURAL MECHANIZATION
166. THE CONCEPT OF MECHANIZATION
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