uses of barn and other storage method

uses of Barn and other storage systems.

what is a barn? barn is an agricultural building usually on farms and used for storage purposes. In Africa, a barn refers to structures or building that is used majorly for storage of livestock feed,, including cattle and horses, as well as equipment and fodder, and often grain, another very important use of a barn is for the storage of yam. a typical yam barn is prepared in rows for easy access.

uses of barn for storage

A Barn is used for storing yam tubers. The method involves the tying of yam tubers with strong twine to small vertical poles, which are supported by strong horizontal poles, also tied to solid stakes. Shade is needed over the barn to prevent the tubers from excessive drying

a storage barn
barn for storing yam
a Barn

Advantages of the barn storage method

1. the use barn for storage is cheap to construct as forest woods and ropes can readily be obtained (especially in the high forest).

 

WEED AND THEIR BOTANICAL NAMES
1. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS AFFECTING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
2. DISEASES
3. 52. SOIL MICRO-ORGANISMS
4. ORGANIC MANURING
5. FARM YARD MANURE
6. HUMUS
7. COMPOST
8. CROP ROTATION
9. GRAZING AND OVER GRAZING
10. IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE
11. IRRIGATION SYSTEMS
12. ORGANIC MANURING
13. FARM YARD MANURE
14. HUMUS
15. COMPOST
16. CROP ROTATION

18. IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE
19. IRRIGATION SYSTEMS
20. INCUBATORS
21. MILKING MACHINE
22. SIMPLE FARM TOOLS
23. AGRICULTURAL MECHANIZATION
24. THE CONCEPT OF MECHANIZATION
25. PROBLEMS OF MECHANIZATION
26. SURVEYING AND PLANNING OF FARMSTEAD
27. IMPORTANCE OF FARM SURVEY
28. SURVEY EQUIPMENT
29. PRINCIPLES OF FARM OUTLAY
30. SUMMARY OF FARM SURVEYING
31. CROP HUSBANDRY PRACTICES
32. PESTS AND DISEASE OF MAIZE- ZEA MAYS
33. CULTIVATION OF MAIZE CROP
34. OIL PALM
35. USES OF PALM OIL
36. MAINTENANCE OF PALM PLANTATION
37. COCOA
38.
39. PROCESSES IN COCOA CULTIVATION
HOLING AND LINING
40. YAM
41. LAND PREPARATION FOR YAM
42. DEPT OF PLANTING
43. SPACING OF YAM
44. PLANTING DEPT OF YAM
45. STORAGE OF YAM
46. STAKING OF YAM
47. HARVESTING OF YAM
48. COWPEA
JUTE
49. FORAGE CROP AND PASTURE
50. FORAGE GRASSES
51. SILAGE
52. PASTURE
53. TYPES OF PASTURE
COMMON GRASSES AND LEGUMES
54. GRASSES
55. LEGUMES
56. ESTABLISHMENT OF PASTURES
57. 201. FORAGE PRESERVATION
58. HAY SILAGE
59. FORESTRY IMPORTANCE OF FORESTRY 206. FOREST MANAGEMENT FOREST REGULATION DEFORESTATION AFFORESTATION
60. DISEASES AND PESTS OF CROPS
61. MAIZE SMUT
62. RICE BLAST
63. MAIZE RUST
64. LEAF SPOT OF GROUNDNUT
65. COW-PEA MOSAIC
66. COCOA BLACK POD DISEASE
67. <ahref=”https: www.apsnet.org=”” edcenter=”” disandpath=”” fungalbasidio=”” pdlessons=”” pages=”” coffeerust.aspx”=””>COFFEE RUST
68. CASSAVA BACTERIA BLIGHT
69. BLACK ARM BACTERIA BLIGHT OF COTTON
70. TOMATO ROOT KNOT
71. DAMPING-OFF OF TOMATO
72. ONION DOWNY MILDEW
73. STORED PRODUCE MOULD
74. PESTS OF CROPS
75. STEM BORERS
76. ARMY WORM

77. COCOA MIRIDS(CAPSIDS)
78. APHIDS
79. WHITE FLY SEED BUGS
80. CASSAVA CULTIVATION
81. CASSAVA MEALYBUGS
82. VARIEGATED GRASSHOPPER
83. GREEN SPIDER MITE
84. COTTON STAINER
85. COTTON</ahref=”https:>

89. LEAF ROLLER
90. BEAN BEETLE
91. RICE WEEVILS
92. . PROBLEMS WITH PESTS CONTROL
93. CROP IMPROVEMENT
94. PROCESS OF CROP IMPROVEMENT METHODS OF CROP IMPROVEMENT
95. HYBRIDIZATION OF CROPS
96. ANIMAL PRODUCTION
97. THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM OF ANIMALS
98. THE LARGE AND SMALL INTESTINE
99. RUMINANT ANIMALS
100. THE NERVOUS SYSTEM
101. THE NEURONS
102. A SYNAPSE ACTION IMPULSE REFLEX ACTION VOLUNTARY ACTION
103. THE CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM
104. PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM
105. THE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM MALE AND FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM
106. REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM OF BIRDS
107. THE CIRCULATORY SYSTEM
108. THE PULMONARY CIRCULATION
109. THE HEART
110. THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM
111. THE TRACHEA INSPIRATION THE EXPIRATION THE DIAPHRAGM
112. HEAT PERIODS OESTROUS CYCLE
113. MATING
114. PARTURITION
115. MAMMARY GLAND
116. LACTATION
117. EGG FORMATION IN POULTRY
118. LIVESTOCK MANAGEMENT
119. MANAGEMENT OF GOATS
120. REPRODUCTION IN GOAT
121. POULTRY
122. POULTRY MANAGEMENT
123. BATTERY CAGE SYSTEM
124. INTENSIVE SYSTEM
125. . SEMI-INTENSIVE EXTENSIVE SYSTEM

PROODING AND REARING IN POULTRY
126. POULTRY SANITATION

127. ANIMAL NUTRITION
128. RATION
129. CONCENTRATE
130. ROUGHAGE
131. NUTRIENT SOURCES AND FUNCTIONS
132. CARBOHYDRATES
133. PROTEIN FATS
134. MINERALS
135. VITAMINS
136. FEEDING MECHANISMS IN HOLOZOIC ORGANISMS
137. TYPES OF DIETS
138. FATTENING OR FINISHING DIETS
139. LAYER DIETS
140. BALANCED DIETS
141. LACTATION DIETS
142. MALNUTRITION

147. RINDER PESTS
148. NEWCASTLE DISEASE
149. BACTERIA DISEASES
150. ANTHRAX
151. BRUCELLOSIS
152. TUBERCULOSIS
153. FUNGAL DISEASES

154. PROTOZOAN DISEASES
155. TRYPONOSOMIASIS
156. COCCIDIOSIS
157. RED FEVER(PIROPLASMOSIS)
158. ENDO PARASITES
159. TAPE WORM
160. ROUND WORM OF PIGS
161. LIVER FLUKE
162. ECTO PARASITES
163. TICK
164. LICE

2. The yam tubers do not get rotten quickly because they are raised from the ground within inside of the barn and this enables air to circulate

 

3. It is easy to detect any tuber that is going bad due to the fact that the yams are arranged in vertical lines and in rows.

 

4. barn can be used to safeguard yam tubers from being eaten by the mammalian pests (e.g. rodents) and insect pests (e.g. yam beetle)

 

Disadvantages of the use of barn for storage purposes

1. The use of barn method is laborious to construct

2. Yam tubers are affected by weather conditions. For example tubers become dehydrated after some time due to drought

uses of underground pit/trenches or boxes for storage purposes

 

2. Boxes and Underground Pits or Trenches

These are used for storing cassava tubers. Yam tubers can also be ill lor a short time in underground pits immediately after harvest.

 

Underground pit is most common for storing cassava tubers. Under this method, layers of palm fronds are laid at the bottom of the pit.

 

Then one or two layers of cassava tubers which must be harvested it bruise, are arranged on top of the fronds. Another layer of is laid and tubers arranged on top.

 

This procedure is followed ill tin pit is filled or the tubers to be stored are finished. The top is then covered with a layer of palm fronds and about 10 cm thick of soil.

 

The use of boxes has the same procedure, except that moist saw dust is used in place of palm fronds. The moist saw dust is placed round on top of the tubers and the tubers are also arranged in layer

 

Advantages of the use  of box, pit or trench methods of storage

1. pits storage methods can be used to store cassava tubers up to 6 weeks.
2. This method of storage is cheap and not too laborious.
3. If boxes are used, they can be transported from one place to another.

 

Disadvantages of pit and box method of storage

 

1. Cassava tubers may get rotten if not properly stored
2. It cannot keep tubers for a very long time.

3.

 

 

Silos method of farm storage

Silos method of storage are used for storing dry grains such as maize,guinea corn and rice.

They are made of cement, metal or aluminum and are tall, round, looking like towers.

 

importance of silos storage method

Silo used for Storing Dry Grains.

Advantages of silos storage method

1. They protect the products from insects and rodents.
2. They can accommodate large quantities of grains.
3. Because they are alright, fumigants can be safely used to protect the grains.
4. They can test for Very long time.

Disadvantages of silos storage method

1. Silos are very expensive to construct
2. They are not movable. . .
3. Grains could mould if not dried properly.

 

4. Cribs storage method

Cribs storage method are also used to store maize particularly dried unshelled cobs which have been dehusked. Cribs consist of side poles covered by wiwe—mesh or lined closely with thatch or zinc.

DIAGRAM
Figure 3.7.3: Maize Cobs in a Crib.

 

Advantages of crib storage method

1. crib storage method is cheap and easy to use.
2. Grains are protected from rodents and birds.
3. The method can keep maize for a long time.

 

Disadvantages of crib storage method

1. crib storage method cannot accommodate large quantities at a time
2. crib storage method does not protect the grains from insects or weevils.

 

5. Bags or Sacks method of storage

 

bags and sacks method of storage include the use of jute and hessian bags as well as polythene bags.

bags and sacks are used for storing products such as garri(cassava flour), melon, rice and other grains. They can be kept in rooms or store while raised from the ground.

 

Advantages of the use bags and sacks method of storage

1. bags and sacks are simple and cheap to use.

2. Different sizes are available for use for different quantities of products.

3. These bags and sacks can be used for a wide variety of products.
4. They make transportation of products easy.

Disadvantages of the use of bags and sacks method of storage

. They are not solid enough to protect products from rats and insects.
2. bags and sacks  require good rooms or store for safe-keeping.
read more on farm storage here

 

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