uses of Barn and other storage systems., what is a barn? Barn is an agricultural building usually on farms and used for storage purposes. In Africa, a barn refers to a structure or building that is used majorly for the storage of livestock feed,, including cattle and horses, as well as equipment and fodder, and often grain, another very important use of a barn is for the storage of yam. a typical yam barn is prepared in rows for easy access.
uses of barn for storage
A Barn is used for storing yam tubers. The method involves the tying of yam tubers with strong twine to small vertical poles, which are supported by strong horizontal poles, also tied to solid stakes. Shade is needed over the barn to prevent the tubers from excessively uses of barnuses of barn
Here are some common uses of barn:
Livestock housing: Barns are commonly used to provide shelter for various types of livestock, such as cows, horses, pigs, sheep, and poultry. They offer protection from harsh weather conditions and provide a secure and controlled environment for the animals.
Hay and feed storage: Barns often have designated areas for storing hay, straw, and animal feed. These areas are designed to keep the stored materials dry and protected from pests.
Farm equipment storage: Farmers often use barns to store their machinery and equipment, such as tractors, ploughs, harvesters, and other tools. Storing equipment in a barn helps protect it from the elements and extends its lifespan.
Advantages of the barn storage method
1. the uses barn for storage is cheap to construct as forest woods and ropes can readily be obtained (especially in the high forest uses of barn
WEED AND THEIR BOTANICAL NAMES
2. The yam tubers do not get rotten quickly because they are raised from the ground inside of the barn and this enables air to circulate as uses of barn
3. It is easy to detect any tuber that is going bad due to the fact that the yams are arranged in vertical lines and in rows.
4. Barn can be used to safeguard yam tubers from being eaten by mammalian pests (e.g. rodents) and insect pests (e.g. yam beetle)
Disadvantages of the use of barn for storage purposes
1. The uses of barn method is laborious to construct
2. Yam tubers are affected by weather conditions. For example, tubers become dehydrated after some time due to drought as uses of barn
uses of underground pit/trenches or boxes for storage purposes
2. Boxes and Underground Pits or Trenches
These are used for storing cassava tubers. Yam tubers can also be stored for a short time in underground pits immediately after harvest.
The underground pit is most common for storing cassava tubers. Under this method, layers of palm fronds are laid at the bottom of the pit.
Then one or two layers of cassava tubers which must be harvested bruise, are arranged on top of the fronds. Another layer is laid and tubers are arranged on top.
This procedure is followed till the tin pit is filled or the tubers to be stored are finished. The top is then covered with a layer of palm fronds and about 10 cm thick of soil.
The use of boxes has the same procedure, except that moist sawdust is used in place of palm fronds. The moist sawdust is placed round on top of the tubers and the tubers are also arranged in the layer
Advantages of the uses of barn, of box, pit or trench methods of storage
1. pits storage methods can be used to store cassava tubers for up to 6 weeks.
2. This method of storage is cheap and not too laborious.
3. If boxes are used, they can be transported from one place to another.
Disadvantages of pit and box method of storage
1. Cassava tubers may get rotten if not properly stored
2. It cannot keep tubers for a very long time.
Silos method of farm storage
The Silos method of storage is used for storing dry grains such as maize, guinea corn and rice.
They are made of cement, metal or aluminium and are tall, round, looking like towers.
importance of silos storage method
Silo is used for Storing Dry Grains. uses of barn
Advantages of silos storage method of uses of barn
1. They protect the products from insects and rodents.
2. They can accommodate large quantities of grains.
3. Because they are alright, fumigants can be safely used to protect the grains.
4. They can test for very long time.
Disadvantages of silos storage method
1. Silos are very expensive to construct
2. They are not movable. . .
3. Grains could mould if not dried properly.
4. Cribs storage method
Crib storage methods are also used to store maize particularly dried unshelled cobs which have been dehusked. Cribs consist of side poles covered by wire—mesh or lined closely with thatch or zinc.
Advantages of crib storage method
1. crib storage method is cheap and easy to use.
2. Grains are protected from rodents and birds.
3. The method can keep maize for a long time. Disadvantages of crib storage method
1. crib storage method cannot accommodate large quantities at a time
2. crib storage method does not protect the grains from insects or weevils.
5. Bags or Sacks method of storage uses of barn
bags and sacks method of storage include the use of jute and hessian bags as well as polythene bags.
bags and sacks are used for storing products such as garri(cassava flour), melon, rice and other grains. They can be kept in rooms or stores while raised from the ground.
Advantages of the use bags and sacks method of storage
1. bags and sacks are simple and cheap to use.
2. Different sizes are available for use for different quantities of products.
3. These bags and sacks can be used for a wide variety of products.
4. They make the transportation of products easy.
Disadvantages of the use of bags and sacks method of storage
. They are not solid enough to protect products from rats and insects.
2. bags and sacks require good rooms or stores for safe-keeping.
read more on-farm storage here
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