AREAS OF AND REASONS FOR LOW POPULATION DENSITY IN NIGERIA
Areas of low population density in Nigeria
- The Middle Belt of Nigeria comprises Kwara, Kogi, Benue, Niger and Abuja areas
- The Niger Delta region, e.g. Rivers, Bayelsa State.
- The extreme North East of Bomu and Yobe States.
Reasons for low population density
- Relief: The presence of rugged highlands in some of these areas leads to low population.
- Poor drainage: The Middle Belt lies in the Niger-Benue valley and Niger-Delta areas which make settlement difficult because of the Niger-Benue rivers.
- Unfavourable climate: High temperature in Bornu and Yobe States encourage population concentration.
- Poor soils: Areas like the Bomu Yobe have poor sandy soils which do support serious farming activities.
- Historical factors: The trans-Sahara and trans-Atlantic slave trades aided depopulation of the Middle Belt.
- Presence of some dangerous insects: Presence of some insect pests like tse-tse flies which cause sleeping sickness black flies which cause night blindness encourages low population in the Middle Belt.
- Inaccessibility: Most areas in the D and Middle Belt are inaccessible by and railway hence the low population density.
- Low economic activities: Lack of b amenities, low commercial and industrial activities encourage low population in Middle Belt of Nigeria.