REASONS FOR LOW POPULATION DENSITY

AREAS OF AND REASONS FOR LOW POPULATION DENSITY IN NIGERIA

Areas of low population density in Nigeria

  •  The Middle Belt of Nigeria comprises Kwara, Kogi, Benue, Niger and Abuja areas
  •  The Niger Delta region, e.g. Rivers, Bayelsa State.
  •  The extreme North East of Bomu and Yobe States.

Reasons for low population density

  • Relief: The presence of rugged highlands in some of these areas leads to low population.

  • Poor drainage: The Middle Belt lies in the Niger-Benue valley and Niger-Delta areas which make settlement difficult because of the Niger-Benue rivers.

  • Unfavourable climate: High temperature in Bornu and Yobe States encourage population concentration.

  • Poor soils: Areas like the Bomu Yobe have poor sandy soils which do support serious farming activities.

  • Historical factors: The trans-Sahara and trans-Atlantic slave trades aided depopulation of the Middle Belt.

  • Presence of some dangerous insects: Presence of some insect pests like tse-tse flies which cause sleeping sickness black flies which cause night blindness encourages low population in the Middle Belt.

  • Inaccessibility: Most areas in the D and Middle Belt are inaccessible by and railway hence the low population density.

  • Low economic activities: Lack of b amenities, low commercial and industrial activities encourage low population in Middle Belt of Nigeria.

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