AREAS OF AND REASONS FOR HIGH POPULATION DENSITY IN NIGERIA

AREAS OF AND REASONS FOR HIGH POPULATION DENSITY IN NIGERIA

(a)     Area of high population density in Nigeria

  • The Yoruba land of the South- West, which includes Lagos, Ibadan, Akure, Abeokuta, Ado-Ekiti and Oshogbo.
  •  The Hausa land of the North, which includes Kano, Kaduna, Jos and Sokoto.

  •  The Igbo land in the South-East, which includes Enugu, Onitsha, Owerri and Aba.

Reasons for high population density in some areas:

  •  Favourable climate: The above areas have adequate rainfall, which ensures the production of food, especially in the West and the East, and is also favourable for human habitation.

  •  Fertile soil: Fertile soil favours the cultivation of cocoa and kolanut in the West, oil palm, yam and cassava in the East, groundnut and cotton in the North.

  •  Natural attachment/historical factors: The growth of some empires in the past like Kano and Oyo empires favours high population densities.

  •  Administrative headquarters: Some towns like Lagos, Enugu, Ibadan and Kano serve as administrative capitals, which attract people to the area.

  •  Employment opportunities: The availability of jobs in these towns also increased the population.

  •  Presence of minerals: The presence of minerals also contributed to high population densities of some towns, e.g. coal in Enugu and crude oil in Pert Harcourt.

  • Presence of industries: The presence of industries in Lagos, Ibadan and Kano provides jobs and cheap goods for the people.

  • Presence of social amenities and infrastructure: The presence of amenities like pipe-borne water, electricity, roads, railways, tele­communications, airports and seaports in these towns attracts high population.

  • Commercial activities: Presence of markets and business transactions pulls people to these areas.
  • Migration: High level of rural-urban migration tends to increase the population of these towns.
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