AREAS OF AND REASONS FOR HIGH POPULATION DENSITY IN NIGERIA
(a) Area of high population density in Nigeria
- The Yoruba land of the South- West, which includes Lagos, Ibadan, Akure, Abeokuta, Ado-Ekiti and Oshogbo.
- The Hausa land of the North, which includes Kano, Kaduna, Jos and Sokoto.
- The Igbo land in the South-East, which includes Enugu, Onitsha, Owerri and Aba.
Reasons for high population density in some areas:
- Favourable climate: The above areas have adequate rainfall, which ensures the production of food, especially in the West and the East, and is also favourable for human habitation.
- Fertile soil: Fertile soil favours the cultivation of cocoa and kolanut in the West, oil palm, yam and cassava in the East, groundnut and cotton in the North.
- Natural attachment/historical factors: The growth of some empires in the past like Kano and Oyo empires favours high population densities.
- Administrative headquarters: Some towns like Lagos, Enugu, Ibadan and Kano serve as administrative capitals, which attract people to the area.
- Employment opportunities: The availability of jobs in these towns also increased the population.
- Presence of minerals: The presence of minerals also contributed to high population densities of some towns, e.g. coal in Enugu and crude oil in Pert Harcourt.
- Presence of industries: The presence of industries in Lagos, Ibadan and Kano provides jobs and cheap goods for the people.
- Presence of social amenities and infrastructure: The presence of amenities like pipe-borne water, electricity, roads, railways, telecommunications, airports and seaports in these towns attracts high population.
- Commercial activities: Presence of markets and business transactions pulls people to these areas.
- Migration: High level of rural-urban migration tends to increase the population of these towns.