CONTINUOUS CROPPING SYSTEM OF FARMING

continuous cropping system of farming. advantages and disadvantages of continuous cropping system. the cultivation of crops on a piece of land and replanting crops on the same piece of land the following planting season without allowing the land to fallow or rest.

most often continuous system of cropping is practiced where there is scarcity of land. at this a farmer makes use of a piece of land for several planting season due to lack of availability of land.

 

WHAT IS CONTINUOUS CROPPING SYSTEM OF AGRICULTURE

continuous cropping system of agriculture

is a system by which involves the growing of the same type of crops, on the same piece of land every year. The system is normally practiced where there is scarcity of land and dense population, or where environmental conditions limit the type of crops that can be cultivated in that area. Crops such as millet- can only be grown in some parts of Northern Nigeria.

In continuous cropping system of agriculture, a lot has to be done by the farmer to improve the fertility of the soil, by the addition of organic and inorganic manure.

Advantages of continuous cropping

(i) in continuous cropping, A lot of time, energy and money is saved, since the farmer does not have a clear new farmland every year.
(ii) continuous cropping helps to economize the use of farmland.

Disadvantages of continuous cropping

(i) Continuous cropping encourages soil erosion.
(ii) continuous cropping also leads to rapid loss of soil fertility
(iii) continuous cropping encourages low yield.
(iv) A lot of money is expended in buying fertilizers to improve the fertility of the soil in continuous cropping.
(v) continuous cropping encourages the build-up of pests, diseases and weeds in the farm.
(vi) continuous cropping encourages the deterioration of the physical and chemical conditions of the soil.

continuous system of  farming
maize farm
 

how to maintain soil nutrient during continuous cropping system of farming

to maintain a certain quality of soil nutrient in order to boost crop production, the following processes should be adhered to strictly

  1. during weeding and harvesting of crops, the residue or the cleared seed should be used as compost to enrich the soil nutrient.
  2. continuous application fertilizer should be encouraged when engaging in continuous system of farming
  3. try to rotate the position of crop within the farm during the next planting season as this cub the spread of diseases in the farm. this aspect is also known as crop rotation system of farming
  4. each year during the continuous cropping period, it is very important to till the soil properly before planting so as to loosen the topmost soil reach easy penetration of plant roots for nutrients
  5. the use of surface irrigation is very key for the sustainability of the soil nutrient

HERE YOU WILL FIND EVERY AVAILABLE TOPICS ABOUT AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE AND BIOLOGY. AND THE LINKS TO THEIR VARIOUS SOURCES.
1. DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURE
2. IMPORTANCE OF AGRICULTURE
3. SUBSISTENCE AGRICULTURE
4. COMMERCIAL AGRICULTURE
5. PROBLEM OF AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
6. SOLUTIONS TO POOR AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
7. AGRICULTURAL LAWS AND REFORMS
8. ROLES OF GOVERNMENT IN AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
9. AGRICULTURAL POLICIES
10. PROGRAM PLANNING IN AGRICULTURE
34.
FORESTRY
35. WILDLIFE CONSERVATION
36. FACTORS AFFECTING LAND AVAILABILITY
37. TOPOGRAPHY
38. SOIL
39. BIOLOGICAL FACTORS
40. SOCIAL-ECONOMIC FACTORS
41. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS AFFECTING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
42. CLIMATIC FACTORS AFFECTING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
43. TEMPERATURE
44. RAINFALL
45. WIND
46. SUNLIGHT
47. SOLAR RADIATION
48. BIOTIC FACTOR AND AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
49. PESTS
50. BIRDS
51. DISEASES
52. SOIL MICRO-ORGANISMS

74. CHEMICAL AND BIOLOGICAL COMPOSITION OF THE SOIL
75. SOIL WATER
76. MICRO AND MACRO NUTRIENTS
77. SOIL MICRO ORGANISM
78. PROPERTIES OF SOIL

80. SANDY SOIL CLAY SOIL LOAMY SOIL
83. SOIL TEXTURE
84. IDENTIFICATION OF SOIL TYPES THROUGH EXPERIMENTS
85. RETENTION OF WATER BY VARIOUS SOIL TYPES

157. PLANTERS
164. SIMPLE FARM TOOLS
165. AGRICULTURAL MECHANIZATION
166. THE CONCEPT OF MECHANIZATION

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