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AGRO-ALLIED INDUSTRIES

AGRO-ALLIED OR AGRO-BASED INDUSTRIES

MEANING OF AGRO ALLIED INDUSTRIES

WHAT IS AGRO ALLIED INDUSTRY?
Agro-allied industries also called Agro based industries are industries which depend on agriculture for their raw materials in order to operate successfully.
In other words, agro-based industries require the supply of agricultural raw materials in order to provide some finished products that are essential for human and animal consumption.

Agro Allied industries or Agro-based industries are industries whose primary raw materials are agricultural products. Agriculture provides vital resources and raw materials to the industrial sector

INTRODUCTION TO AGRO-ALLIED INDUSTRIES

Food is the third most essential need for human survival after oxygen and water. The first and second goals of the sustainable development goals (SDG’s) are centred on poverty eradication and food security. The Agro- allied industry is a collection of companies engaged in a high- scale production, processing, and packaging of food with the use of modern equipment and methods aimed at achieving these goals.It is also a vital integral part of any nation’s economic growth. A major objective of the macroeconomic policy is fostering economic growth thereby creating a suitable environment for agro-allied industries to thrive. However, it is almost impossible to speak about the agro- allied industry without taking into cognizance the availability of agricultural products, its productivity, quantity and quality. Transportation cost is minimised with proper sitting of industries close to the location of raw materials

SUMMARY OF AGRO-BASED INDUSTRIES AND RAW MATERIALS USED IN EACH INDUSTRY

Agro-based Industries Raw materials used
(i) Oil mill Oil seeds
(ii) Soap industry Oil seeds/oil
(iii) Cigarette/tobacco Tobacco leaves
(iv) Textile/Ginnery Cotton
(v) Breweries Cereals
(vi) Fruit canning Fruits
(vii) Paper industry Pulpwood
(viii) Sugar industry Sugar cane
(ix) Plywood/sawmill Wood
(x) Flour mill Cereal/grains
(xi) Starch Cassava, maize
(xii) Tyre Rubber latex

(xiii) Feed mill Groundnut, maize, etc
(xiv) Beverage coffee Cocoa, tea

RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN AGRICULTURE AND INDUSTRIES

There is a positive and wide range of relationships between agriculture and industries. These relationships include the following:https://youtu.be/RfJGsaYSLb0
(1) Provision of Market: Agriculture provides market for industrial products such as farm machinery, chemicals and fertilizer.
(2) Provision of Food: Agriculture also provides food for industrial workers.
(3) Provision of Raw Materials: Agriculture provides raw materials such as cocoa, cotton, palm produce and groundnut for industries.
(4) Shifting of Factors of Production: Agricultural development allows for a shift of factors of production like land, labour and capital to industry.
(5) Competition for Labour: Both agriculture and industry compete for labour.
(6) Development of Industrial Sector: Rise in agricultural income due to efficient and economic factor combination brings about development of industrial sector of the economy.

Summary of Agro-based Industries and Raw materials used in each Industry

.
Agro – based Industries – Raw materials Used
(1) Oil mill – Oil seeds
(2) Soap industry – Oil seeds/oil
(3) Cigarette/tobacco – Tobacco leaves
(4) Textile/Ginnery – Cotton
(5) Breweries – Cereals
(6) Fruit canning – Fruits
(7) Paper industry – Pulpwood
(8) Sugar industry – Sugar cane
(9) Plywood/saw mill – Wood
(10) Floor mill – Cereal/grains
(11) Starch – Cassava, maize
(12) Tyre – Rubber latex
(13) Feed mill – Groundnut, maize
(14) Beverage – Cocoa, tea, coffee

Agro-Allied or Agro-Based industries
Meaning: Agro-Allied industries also called Agro-Based industries are industries which depend on agriculture for their raw materials in order to operate successfully.
In other words, agro-based industries require the supply of agricultural raw materials in order to provide some finished products that are essential for human and animal consumption.

166. THE CONCEPT OF
(7) Provision of Essential Goods: industries provide a large range of desirable goods that farmers want to buy.
(8) Provision of Agro-chemicals: Industries produce agro-chemicals for agricultural uses. Examples are: pesticides, fertilizers, vaccines and herbicides.
(9) Provision of Storage Facilities: Industries provide storage facilities for agricultural produce, e.g. milk, fruit, vegetables, meat, fish, etc.
(10) Provision of Processing Facilities: Industries also provide processing facilities such as grinders, millers, etc for agriculture.
(11) Provision of Agricultural Tools and Machinery: Industries produce machinery and equipment for agricultural uses. Examples include tractors, ploughs, cutlasses and hoes.

  1. SOIL MICRO-ORGANISMS
    4. ORGANIC MANURING
    5. FARM YARD MANURE

    7. COMPOST
    8. CROP ROTATION
    9.
    11. IRRIGATION SYSTEMS
    12. ORGANIC MANURING
    13. FARM YARD MANURE
    14. HUMUS
    15. COMPOST
    16. CROP ROTATION

IRRIGATION SYSTEMS
20. INCUBATORS
21. MILKING MACHINE
22. SIMPLE FARM TOOLS
23. AGRICULTURAL MECHANIZATION
24. THE CONCEPT OF MECHANIZATION
25. PROBLEMS OF MECHANIZATION
26. SURVEYING AND PLANNING OF FARMSTEAD
27. IMPORTANCE OF FARM SURVEY
28. SURVEY EQUIPMENT

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