characteristics of living things

characteristics of living things, THERE ARE ONLY TWO CATEGORIES OF THINGS ON THE EARTH, THEY ARE LIVING THINGS AND NON-LIVING THINGS

There are only two categories of things on earth, they are living things and non-living things. Living things includes plants and animals.

Non-living thing are those things that doesn’t have life in them of living things includes man, rabbit, dogs, monkeys, lizards, cattle and grasses etc, while non-living things are tables, chairs, iron, glass, plates etc.

JAMB Biology Tutorial & Past Qu...
JAMB Biology Tutorial & Past Questions on Living and Non-living Things

characteristics of living things

LIST OF CHARACTERISTICS OF LIVING THINGS

ALL LIVING THINGS ARE DISTINGUISHED FROM NON-LIVING THINGS BY A WHOLE LOT OF DIFFERENCES. This distinguishing factors are what is known as the characteristics of living things.
So the following are generally considered as the characteristics of living things.

READ ABOUT WEEDS AND THEIR BOTANICAL NAMES HERE

  1. MOVEMENT: movement is defined as the ability of an organism, either in part or whole from place to place in search of food or comfort, reproduction and as a means of escape from danger. Generally most animal can move from place to place in search of food, while most plant can only move part of their body in response to stimuli unless for a few microscopic plants which are capable of complete movement.
  2. NUTRITION. Nutrition is defined as the ability of living things or organism to feed. The major reason for feeding in living things is to enable them carry out life process like growth, reproduction, respiration and movement.
Although most green plants can manufacture their own food through a process known as photosynthesis, known also as autotrophic nor holophytic nutrition.
Animals cannot manufacture their own food hence depends on food manufactured by plants, and this type of feeding is known as heterotrophic or holozoic nutrition.3. RESPIRATION. Respiration is defined as the exchange of gases between organisms and their environment. The main purpose of respiration is to break down/burn down or oxidize food substances in order to release energy that is used for all their life processes.

4. EXCRETION. Excretion is defined as the removal of metabolic wastes from the body of any living thing. The purpose of excretion is to remove the metabolic waste products from the system, e.g. water and carbon dioxide in animals, which are toxic to the body.
So the process of getting rid of these waste materials from the body is called excretion as characteristics of living things

5. IRRITABILITY. Irritability is defined as the ability of an organism to respond to stimuli. All living thing exhibit sensitivity in order to enable them survive in their environment. In clear terms, stimuli means the ability of any living thing to respond to changes that occurs within their environment.

characteristics of living things
eVOLUTION

6. GROWTH. Growth is defined as the irreversible or permanent increase in size, mass, or weight of an organism. It is most known as the increase or addition living proton plasmic materials within the cell of the organism. The purpose of growth is to enable the organism to repair or rebuild worn out tissues in their body..

Characteristics of living things
There are seven main activities which makes living organisms different from non-living things. These are the seven characteristics of living things.

1 Nutrition characteristics of living things
Living things take in nutrient materials from their surroundings by a process called feeding that they use for growth or to provide energy as a major characteristics of living things. Nutrition is the process by which organisms obtain energy and raw materials from nutrients such as proteins, carbohydrates and fats.

2 Respiration characteristics of living things
Respiration is the release of energy or used air components from food substances in all living cells which is known as metabolism. Living things break down food within their cells to release energy for carrying out life processes.

  1. Growth characteristics of living things
    Growth is seen in all living things. It involves using food to produce new cells. The permanent increase in cell number and size is called growth. There are two types growth, plant growth and animal growth type. Animals increase in size all over the body while plant species growth at the apex
  1. Reproduction characteristics of living things
    All living organisms have the ability to produce offspring.
  2. Sensitivity characteristics of living things
    All living things are able to sense and respond to stimuli around them such as light, temperature, water, gravity and chemical substances. This another word for irritability of living things
  1. Movement  as characteristics of living things
    All living things move and this is known as locomotion. It is very obvious that a Plant too moves in various different ways not just the animals alone. The movement may be so slow that it is very difficult to see. The movement of plant can be seen in Hydra
  2. Excretion characteristics of living things
    All living things excrete. As a result of the many chemical reactions occurring in cells, they have to get rid of waste products which might poison the cells. Excretion is defined as the removal of toxic materials, the waste products of metabolism and substances in excess from the body of an organism.

So to differentiate living  things from non-living things is to take into account the above characteristics of living things

  1. economic tools for nation building
  2. budgeting
  3. factors affecting the expansion of industries
  4. mineral resources and the mining industries
  5. demand and supply
  6. types of demand curve and used
  7. advertising industry
  8. factors of production
  9. entrepreneur
  10. joint stock company
  11. public enterprises
  12. private enterprises
  13. k
  1. SPACING OF YAM
  2. PLANTING DEPT OF YAM
  3. STORAGE OF YAM
  4. STAKING OF YAM
  5. HARVESTING OF YAM
  6. COWPEA
    JUTE
  7. FORAGE CROP AND PASTURE
  8. FORAGE GRASSES
  9. SILAGE
  10. PASTURE
  11. TYPES OF PASTURE
    COMMON GRASSES AND LEGUMES
  12. GRASSES
  13. LEGUMES
  14. ESTABLISHMENT OF PASTURES
    1. FORAGE PRESERVATION
  15. HAY SILAGE
  16. FORESTRY IMPORTANCE OF FORESTRY 206. FOREST MANAGEMENT FOREST REGULATION DEFORESTATION AFFORESTATION
  17. DISEASES AND PESTS OF CROPS
  18. MAIZE SMUT
  19. RICE BLAST
  20. MAIZE RUST
  21. LEAF SPOT OF GROUNDNUT
  22. COW-PEA MOSAIC
  23. COCOA BLACK POD DISEASE

check out these recent posts

  1. loans for businesses
  2. how to establish enterprises
  3. what is a firm
  4. price equilibrium
  5. scale of preference
  6. concept of economics
  7. economic tools for nation building
  8. budgeting
  9. factors affecting the expansion of industries
  10. mineral resources and the mining industries
  11. demand and supply
  12. types of demand curve and used
  13. advertising industry
  14. factors of production
  15. entrepreneur
  16. joint stock company
  17. public enterprises
  18. private enterprises
  19. limited liability companies
  20. migration
  21. population
  22. market concept
  23. money market
  24. shares
  25. how companies raises funds for expansion
  1. BALANCED DIETS
    141. LACTATION DIETS
    142. MALNUTRITION
  2. RINDER PESTS
    148. NEWCASTLE DISEASE
    149. BACTERIA DISEASES
    150. ANTHRAX
    151. BRUCELLOSIS
    152. TUBERCULOSIS
    153. FUNGAL DISEASES
  3. PROTOZOAN DISEASES
    155. TRYPONOSOMIASIS

    159. TAPE WORM
    160. ROUND WORM OF PIGS
    161. LIVER FLUKE
    162. ECTO PARASITES
    163. TICK

7. REPRODUCTION. This is defined as the ability of living organism to produce or give birth to offspring or young ones after its kind in order to enable continuity of life. So in practical terms, reproduction occurs in two forms. They are

i. ASEXUAL REPRODUCTION. This takes only one organism to reproduce its kind or another offspring.

ii. SEXUAL REPRODUCTION. This process of reproduction involves two organism coming together for the purpose reproduction.
8. ADAPTATION. This is simply the way living things interact with their environment. Or better known as survival process of living things.
9. DEATH. All living things must die. Which means they are limited to a certain number of years to live before they die.
10. COMPETITION. This is the ability of living things to struggle or compete for life necessities in order to survive. Living things compete for food, water, air, space, mates and light.
If you find our content of great interest and value, please help us to share this contents to your friends and family. If you any question or comment please feel free to drop it in our comment box

1 thought on “characteristics of living things”

let us know what you think

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

%d bloggers like this: