PROBLEMS FACING AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
The development of Agriculture in Nigeria and other west African countries is hindered by the following factors;
one of the main problems to agricultural development
the system of land ownership called land tenure system does not make available enough land for production.
In Nigeria and most other West African countries, land is communally owned and no person has sole right over the land. A person could be entitled to land ownership only by inheritance.
Thus people with no inherited land but have huge capital for investment in large-scale Agriculture; usually find it difficult to obtain enough land for such investment.
SOLUTIONS TO THE PROBLEMS OF AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
(a) Government should review and modify the existing land tenure system to reflect the aspirations of the nation towards achieving self sufficiency in Agriculture production.
(b) It essential to make laws that will enable individuals who wish to go into farming to buy and own land.
(c) In some areas, the Government should give full support to the establishment of plantations and farm settlements schemes.
(d) Government should help local communities in the development of their land through the establishment of plantations.
(e) Government should encourage families or communities to come together as a group and merge their small portions of land into economically large and viable units which will be suitable for mechanization.
EFFECTS OF BASIC AMENITIES TO AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
Lack of basic social amenities such as pipe borne water, good roads and electricity in the local areas are problems that can hinder Agricultural development. In addition, health facilities are often absent or inadequate and where available is very costly.
(a) Provide basic amenities to farmers so as to stimulate increased productivity.
(b) Give basic health education to the farmers based on hygiene and personal cleanliness. This will involve the provision of good sanitary latrines, obtaining water from a clean source, eating well balanced diet, and living in healthy clean surroundings free from germs and disease pathogens.
LACK OF FINANCE IS A PROBLEM TO AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
In Nigeria and other West African countries, the income of farmers is usually very low due to factors such as crop failure, poor harvest, diseases and pest.
Agricultural credits are hard to come by commercial banks and other financial institutions often fail to provide credits to farmers due to the uncertainties involved in Agricultural production.