maintenance of teeth and gum


the practice of keeping the mouth and teeth clean in order to prevent dental disorders, Dentistry, and the professional care of a tooth, including professional oral hygiene and dental surgery

Oral hygiene is essential for maintaining the health of our teeth and gums. It involves regular care and practices that help prevent dental problems such as tooth decay, gum disease, and bad breath. Here are some important aspects of dental care

Oral Surgery, is any of a number of medical procedures that involve artificially modifying dentition; in other words, surgery of the teeth- and jaw bones.

It is one of the most important aspects of the human system. The teeth play a very important role in the feeding habit of an organism.

It is worthy of note that the teeth in the mouth of an adult can be maintained to old age without losing any of it.
The decaying of teeth by bacteria and the formation of starch within the teeth can be prevented by adequately caring for the teeth


How to Clean Your Teeth and Gum

There is a right way to brush and floss your teeth. Every day:

1. Gently brush your teeth on all sides with a soft-bristle brush and fluoride toothpaste.
2. Use small circular motions and short back-and-forth strokes.

4. Lightly brush your tongue to help keep your mouth clean.
5. Clean your teeth with dental floss. 6. Careful flossing removes plaque and leftover food that a toothbrush can\’t reach.
7. Rinse after you floss.

8. People with arthritis or other conditions that limit hand motion may find it hard to hold and use a toothbrush. Some helpful tips are


Oral hygiene

, the practice of keeping the mouth and teeth clean in order to prevent dental disorders
Dentistry, the professional care of teething, including professional oral hygiene and dental surgery

Oral Surgery, is any of a number of medical procedures that involve artificially modifying dentition; in other words, surgery of the teeth and jaw bones

The teeth can therefore be cared for in the following ways

i. The mouth should be cleaned with a brush or chewing stick and toothpaste twice a day, especially after meal and bed.
ii. Stains due to eating kola nuts or tobacco smoking should be removed by using hydrogen peroxide to wash the mouth

iii. Vitamins and minerals containing food such as green vegetables, fresh fruits, butter, cheese, milk and egg should be taken regularly
iv. Sugary foods and drinks like sweet ice cream, soft drinks etc. should be avoided because bacteria feed on sugar and in the process turn them into acid which attacks the teeth 

v. The dentist should be visited for regular check-up a minimum of twice a year
vi. For those using artificial teeth, it should be removed and washed with germicide solution after each meal

Food particles of meat or any other materials should be removed after a meal using toothpick Healthy teeth and gums make it easy for you to eat well and enjoy good food.

Several problems can affect the health of your mouth, but good care should keep your teeth and gums strong as you

viii. Teeth are covered in a hard, outer coating called enamel. Every day, a thin film of bacteria called dental plaque builds up on your teeth.

The bacteria in plaque produce acids that can harm enamel and cause cavities. Brushing and flossing your teeth can prevent decay, but once a cavity forms, a dentist has to fix it.

x. Use fluoride toothpaste to protect your teeth from decay. If you are at a higher risk for tooth decay (for example, if you have a dry mouth because of a condition you have or medicines you take), you might need more fluoride.

Your dentist or dental hygienist may give you a fluoride treatment during an office visit or may tell you to use a fluoride gel or mouth rinse at home.

xi. The misuse of it such as opening a bottle cork or cracking large bones that may cause damage to the enamel should be avoided

Teeth Gum Diseases

Gum disease begins when plaque builds up along and under your gum line. This plaque causes infections that hurt the gum and bone that hold your teeth in place.

Gum disease may make your gums tender and more likely to bleed. This problem, called gingivitis, can often be fixed by brushing and flossing every day.

A more severe form of gum disease, called periodontitis, must be treated by a dentist. If not treated, this infection can ruin the bones, gums, and other tissues that support your tooth. Over time, your teeth may have to be removed.

how To prevent gum disease:

1. Brush twice a day with fluoride toothpaste.
2. Floss once a day.
3. Visit your dentist regularly for a checkup and cleaning.
4. Eat a well-balanced diet.
5. Quit smoking. Smoking increases your risk for gum disease.


Even though newborns and infants do not have teeth, it is important to take care of their mouths and gums. Follow these tips: Use a damp washcloth to wipe your infant\’s gums after each meal.

2. DO NOT put your infant or young child to bed with a bottle of milk, juice, or sugar water. Use only water for bedtime bottles.

3. Begin using a soft toothbrush instead of a washcloth to clean your child\’s teeth as soon as their first tooth shows (usually between 5 and 8 months of age).
4. Ask your child\’s healthcare provider if your infant needs to take oral fluoride.


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