Planting and post planting operations

planting and post Planting operations in agriculture, what is post planting operation? is planting operations in agriculture same post planting, planting. planting and post planting operations include transplanting, nursery practices, weeding activities, thinning, mulching, fertilizer application, harvesting and storage practices. each of these activity has their operational process but in this post let us look at post operation and planting operation in agriculture and farming. read how to store fertilizer here

planting and post Planting operations, Types of land tenure system

so what really is planting and post planting operations in agriculture?

These are activities carried out by the farmer after land pre-planting operation. planting and post planting operations in agriculture are farming activities the farmer should do or ought to be prepared to aware of while the seeds, seedlings or planting materials are being put in the soil.

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explain the term post planting operations in agriculture

Post planting operations are the series of activities carried out in a farm management system between the period of planting and harvesting. They are necessary to achieve a reasonable yield. planting and post Planting operations

Examples of post-planting operations in agriculture

are:
Fertilization
Weeding
Crop protection
harvesting
irrigation and drainage
Capping/mulching
fumigation
staking

Weeding as a post planting operation in agricultureOf course, weeding is the most important post-planting operations. If you do not weed your farm on a regular basis, you are likely to have a very low yield.

Weeds are unwanted plants that grow alongside with your crop.

Weeds are genetically more viable and aggressive than your crops; they compete with your crops for nutrients, air, and water.

They also harbor pests that can reduce the quantity and quality of your crops. Your crops may find it very difficult to outwit the weeds if you do not intervene; your intervention is in the form of manual or mechanical weeding or using herbicides.

Herbicides are used to control weeds planting and post Planting operations

fertilizer application type  post planting operation in agriculture

Fertilization
Apply fertilizers after every weeding. It gives your crop the full access to the fertilizer, thus, enhancing efficiency.

Crop protection
Harvesting

What a farmer should know and before Before planting operations in agriculture

(i) Planting materials such -as seeds, seedlings, cuttings, sucker and so on should be taken from healthy plant sources.
(ii) They should be free of diseases and pest infestation.
(iii) They should be viable and properly stored before use.read about farm storage here

(iv) Planting materials of high quality should be bought and collected from the Ministry of Agriculture.

Agricultural Development Project. Research Centres. Agro-Service Centre or Seed Multiplication Units.

The activities’ associated with planting operations include planting dates, planting dates, seed rate, nursery and nursery practices, capping, transplanting and planting depth

SEE MORE ACTIVITIES HERE

cultural practices in agriculture

Weeding, fertilizer applications, irrigation and drainage and so on…all other operations that will contribute to the well growth or development of planted plants

 Date of planting in planting operations in agriculture

This refers to the period of the year at which a particular crop sown in order to produce well. It is usually after the First rainfall in the year for most crops except where irrigation is practiced.

However, planting date varies for different crops. This is due to types of the crops. For example, some grains and legumes require little rainfall for growth and production, and a dry period for the grains and and pods to get dried, Vegetables, especially the leafy types require wet period for their growth and production.

This is why specific period of the year is recommended for the growing of various crops in the different parts of Nigeria and West Africa.

for example, early maize is planted in the South between late February and April, late maize in August/September while it is planted June in the North. Cotton is planted in June.

Late yam is sown between March and yearly June or November around the riverine areas as early crop. Cassava is cultivated between March and October for good harvest.

The actual date of the day planting is done, is referred to as the sowing date. For instance, maize is grown between February and April but the actual day of planting a plot could be 28th of February, which becomes the sowing date.
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The observation of correct date of planting enables crops to escape pests and diseases, failure of crops and maintain high yields.

  1. Planting distances or spacing
    This is the distance given between one stand of cultivated crop and another. It varies from one type crop to another.

When correct planting distance is observed, it enables crops to have high yields, as the nutrients and water available would be enough for the crops. It also allows space for carrying out cultural practices such as weeding, fertilizer application, pest control, and so on.

It ensures that land is not wasted because only the number of plants that the land can take is planted. It prevents over crowding of crops which may result in poor Yields.

general planting operation on some crops

The recommended_ planting distances for some common, garden crops are:

(a) Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentun): 40cm to 60cm between rows and 30cm to 50cm between ‘plants or stands(b) Okra (Abelmoschus): 60cm – 90cm between rows and 30cm between plants or within row.

(c) Cow-pea (Vigna unguiculata): 80cm between rows and 30cm within rows.

(d) Yam (Dioscorea spp): I’m between rows and 1m between plants

(e) Maize (Zea Mays) 90cm between row and 30cm along rows.

(f) Cass

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