PESTS AND DISEASES OF MAIZE AND HOW TO CONTROL PESTS OF MAIZE

PEST AND DISEASES OF MAIZE pests of Maize

(1) Stem borers: The larvae bore holes into young stems and destroy the tissue, leading to low yield or death of the plant.
Control a
Spray with insecticides like vetox 85, and practice crop rotation.
(2) Grasshoppers: They eat up the leaves and other soft vegetative parts of the plant.
Control Pests of Maize
Spray with appropriate chemicals such as DDT
(3) Maize Weevils: This is a field-to-store pest. Adults and larva bore hole into grains and reduce them to powder. Pests of Maize
Control
(i) Fumigate the store with BHC powder or phostoxin tables
(ii) Early harvesting. read crop harvesting methods here

Diseases of Maize

(1) Corn Smut: It is caused by a fungus (Ustilago madis) which is spread by wind
Symptoms

Symptoms include galls on ears, leaves and tassels which later turn black.

Pests of Maize

how to Control maize diseases
(i) Destroy diseased plants
(ii) Use resistant varieties
(iii) Treat seeds before planting. read planting operation here
(2) Maize rust: It is caused by a fungus (Puccinia polysora). They cause red spots on leaves which eventually die.

Control
(i) Use resistant varieties
(ii) Practice crop rotation
(iii) Practice early planting
(3) Leaf Spot
It is caused by a fungus (Physoderma spp) which is spread by wind.
Symptoms
These include the death of parts of the leaves
Control
(i) Use resistant varieties
(ii) Apply the appropriate fungicide

maize farm

(4) Maize Streak: It is caused by a virus which is transmitted by a piercing and sucking insect (leaf hopper)
Symptoms
Symptoms include yellow streaking of leaves followed by stunting or deformation

how to Control pests of maize

(1) Spray with insecticide to kill vector
(2) Uproot and burn infected plant
(3) Practice early planting

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  1. RINDER PESTS
    NEWCASTLE DISEASE
    149. BACTERIA DISEASES
    150. ANTHRAX
    151. BRUCELLOSIS
    152. TUBERCULOSIS
    153. FUNGAL DISEASES
  2. PROTOZOAN DISEASES
    TRYPONOSOMIASIS

    159. TAPE WORM
    160. ROUND WORM OF PIGS
    161. LIVER FLUKE
    162. ECTO PARASITES
    163. TICK

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