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problems of agricultural development

 problems of agricultural development IN NIGERIA. Many developing countries in West Africa are faced with numerous problems which militate against the development of agriculture. Despite having about 60-75% of their labour force in agriculture, West Africa countries cannot meet their domestic food requirements. There has been a decline in the contribution of agriculture to the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of many West African countries farming systems. agricultural development

problems of agricultural development and its objectives

  • Identify the main components of agriculture
  • Explain the main features of various systems of agriculture 
  • Explain the importance of agricultural products to economic development using Nigeria as an example
  • Explain the process and challenges of marketing both livestock, food and cash crops in Nigeria

goods and services

 Seventeen (17) reasons for  low agricultural productivity

  1. Land tenure system: The type of land tenure system in
    West African discourages farmers from acquiring the land for large scale farming
  2. Inadequate finance or credit facilities:  Majority of the farmers is too poor and do not have the finance to make purchase of land, tools, e.t.c. They do not have access to loan facilities from banks
  • Poor transportation system: The presence of bad roads or total lack of it makes distribution of products to markets very difficult and this leads to wastage. The non-availability of vehicles coupled cost of transporting farm produce makes things difficult for agriculture to develop—problems of agricultural development
  • Inadequate storage facilities and processing facilities: Lots of produce are wasted due to lack of storage and processing facilities. The farmers do not have the technical know how to operate the storage and processing facilities, which are very expensive to purchase and maintain
  • Inadequate farm input: Farm input like chemicals fertilizers, improved seeds, tools and implements are not easily available and ,they are too expensive for the farmer to afford
  • Illiteracy of the farmer:  Majority of the farmers who are engaged in farming (over 60%)  are illiterate and as such they cannot make use of modern techniques in agriculture inflation
  • Lack of basic amenities:  Lack of basic amenities like electricity, pipe-borne water and proper health care makes able-bodies men and women to migrate== migration from rural to urban areas in search of non-existent jobs problems of agricultural development-
  • Use of crude implements: The use of simple farm tools likes cutlass and hoe leads to low agricultural production. Majority of the farmers are so poor that they cannot afford to buy modern tools and equipment to improve their product
  • Unfavorable climate: Unpredictable and unfavorable climate like high temperature and low rainfall generally discourage serious farming activities
  • Lack of technical know how: Majority  of farmers lack the technical knowledge of modern farming as a result of their illiteracy and this militates against the increase in agricultural productivity
  1. Problems of pest and diseases: Pest and diseases are not controlled by majority of the farmers. Pests and diseases generally reduce the quality and income of the farmers problems of agricultural development
  2. Poor marketing system: There are no organized marketing channels for farm produce. There is also lack of proper pricing for agricultural produce.
  1. Rural-urban drift: The movement of able-bodies men and youth out of the rural areas to urban centres has worsened the development of agriculture. Agriculture is thus left to old men and women who cannot produce for the increasing population
  1. Inconsistent government policies:  Inconsistent government policies on agriculture reduce agricultural development. The policies at times fail to recognize the rural farmers that produce food for the country. Most of the policies are centered around fake city farmers who only collect money from the government and use them for other purposes
  2. Natural disasters: Natural disasters like flood, drought, etc may occur and this will reduce agricultural productivity
  3. Lack of research: Most farmers do not have access to research work and this leads t o low agricultural development
  1. Political/social instability: Political/social instability in the country affects agricultural activities as farmlands are usually destroyed during communal clashes. This leads to low agricultural productivity and problems of agricultural development

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