what is Multiple cropping system of farming
This is a system which is almost similar to that of mixed cropping. multiple cropping system is the growing of different crops on the same piece of land more than once a year, and harvesting them at different times.
The principle of the method is that, the first crop is harvested before planting the others during the same season.
One type of crop or more crops may be involved in this system. the multiple system farmer may be practicing double or triple cropping. In double cropping, a crop such as maize is grown two times during the same season on the same piece of land.
The first crop is grown in late March or early April and harvested in July or August, before another one is planted in August and harvested in November or December.
The first crop is known as the early maize, while the second one is known as the late maize. This system can be referred to as relay cropping.
This system is commonly practiced in the Southern part of Nigeria where the temperature and rainfall conditions are favourable. It can also be adopted where irrigation is practiced.
ADVANTAGES OF MULTIPLE CROPPING
- multiple cropping ensures maximum use of the land
(ii) multiple cropping guards against crop failure
DISADVANTAGES OF MULTIPLE CROPPING
WEED AND THEIR BOTANICAL NAMES
1. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS AFFECTING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
3. 52. SOIL MICRO-ORGANISMS
4. ORGANIC MANURING
5. FARM YARD MANURE
8. CROP ROTATION
9. GRAZING AND OVER GRAZING
10. IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE
11. IRRIGATION SYSTEMS
12. ORGANIC MANURING
13. FARM YARD MANURE