ANIMAL PESTS OF CROPS

Pests of Crops

  1. Bird
    These attack mainly grain crops such as maize, rice, sorghum and barley. They also attack fruits in the field. Examples of these birds are Weaver birds (Quela), parrots, etc.
    A Bird.

(a) Nature of Damage: They peck out planted seeds, eat up grains on the field and destroy leaves of some plants such as oil palm. They also eat ripe fruits such as pawpaw, mango, and cashew.
(b) Control

  1. Use of scare crows
  2. Spraying chemieals such as furadan with aircraft,
  3. Shooting with catapult or gun.
    DIAGRAM

Figure 2.8.5: Scare Crow for birds and mammalian pest in farms.

  1. Rodents
    These include rats, grass-cutters, African rabbits and hare.
A Rodent (Grass-cutter)
(a) Nature of Damage: They cut down and eat various parts of the crop especially cereal and tuber crops. Grass-cutters eat up rice, young palm seedlings and maize plants. Rats eat up stored produce like tubers and grains. Hare eat up planted grains.

(b) Control of pests of crop

(i) Use of poison baits
(ii) Use of traps
(iii) By shooting with guns,
(iv) Use of rat gums.

  1. Other Mammalian Pests
    These include monkey, deer, antelopes and bush pig.
    They do a lot of damage to crops in the farm by uprooting eating them up. For example, monkey eat up plantains, banana maize and cocoa pods.

Control:
(i) Trapping

don’t forget to use the comment box and leave a message or suggestion and we will get back to you within seconds.

You can read some of most interesting topics below

  1. j
  1. STAKING OF YAM
  2. HARVESTING OF YAM
  3. COWPEA
    JUTE
  4. FORAGE CROP AND PASTURE
  5. FORAGE GRASSES
  6. SILAGE
  7. PASTURE
  8. TYPES OF PASTURE
    COMMON GRASSES AND LEGUMES
  9. GRASSES
  10. LEGUMES
  11. ESTABLISHMENT OF PASTURES
    1. FORAGE PRESERVATION
  12. HAY SILAGE
  13. FORESTRY IMPORTANCE OF FORESTRY 206. FOREST MANAGEMENT FOREST REGULATION DEFORESTATION AFFORESTATION
  14. DISEASES AND PESTS OF CROPS
  15. MAIZE SMUT
  16. RICE BLAST
  17. MAIZE RUST
  18. LEAF SPOT OF GROUNDNUT
  19. COW-PEA MOSAIC
  20. COCOA BLACK POD DISEASE

check out these recent posts

  1. loans for businesses
  2. how to establish enterprises
  3. what is a firm
  4. price equilibrium
  5. scale of preference
  6. concept of economics
  7. economic tools for nation building
  8. budgeting
  9. factors affecting the expansion of industries
  10. mineral resources and the mining industries
  11. demand and supply
  12. types of demand curve and used
  13. advertising industry
  14. factors of production
  15. entrepreneur
  16. joint stock company
  17. public enterprises
  18. private enterprises
  19. limited liability companies
  20. migration
  21. population
  22. market concept
  23. money market
  24. shares
  25. how companies raises funds for expansion
  1. BALANCED DIETS
    141. LACTATION DIETS
    142. MALNUTRITION
  2. RINDER PESTS
    148. NEWCASTLE DISEASE
    149. BACTERIA DISEASES
    150. ANTHRAX
    151. BRUCELLOSIS
    152. TUBERCULOSIS
    153. FUNGAL DISEASES
  3. PROTOZOAN DISEASES
    155. TRYPONOSOMIASIS

    159. TAPE WORM
    160. ROUND WORM OF PIGS
    161. LIVER FLUKE
    162. ECTO PARASITES
    163. TICK

Please feel free to share while using our comment box below.
Thanks for sharing

STUDY QUESTIONS
1. How can insect pests be classified using their feeding habits?
2. (a) Name 10 insect pests you know.
(b) For each one, slate the crop it affects, the damage done to the crop and control measure of the pest.

  1. (a) Apart from insect pesis, mime three other pests you blow.
    (b) Which crops do they affect? (b) flow can they be controlled?
  2. Classify the following into hiling and chewing piercing and sucking, and boring insect pests:- Beetles, Aphids. stem boreres, caps ids, weevils, locusts, mealybugs, crickets, cotton stainer,
  3. Itemise >>>>> you would use for rodents attack on your farm.

let us know what you think

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.