Bush fallowing is a process of allowing a piece of land vacant or rest ,, that is without farming
activities on same piece of land for some period of years say 3-4 years or there about in other to allow the land regain its lost nutrients.
meaning of bush fallowing
THIS PERIOD OF REST IS CALLED FALLOW PERIOD.
Bush fallowing can also be known as shifting cultivation Which following which following which following processes is which
following processes is a natural way of enriching the soil that is naturally lacking in soil nutrient a place where Bush fallowing is carried out for is that the land that is allowed to rest for a period of time known as a Fallow. Will get nutrient naturally instead of the addition of fertilizer and organic
Importance of bush fallowing
THE PROCESS OF ALLOWING THE LAND TO REST IS CALLED FALLOWING.
A fallowed land will have good vegetation and the leaves will fall and decompose to improve soil nutrients.
Nutrients in the fallowed land are recycled. When a farmer leaves a land to fallow, he will go to another piece of Land to farm.
IT SHOULD BE NOTED THAT BUSH FALLOWING IS ESSENTIALLY AND PRACTICALLY POSSIBLE WHERE THERE IS PLENTY OF LAND
And this possible in communities with large hectares of uncultivated Lands so in a situation where Land is scarce or not readily available bush fallowing is not encouraged.
similarities between bush fallowing and shifting cultivation
SHIFTING CULTIVATION IS ANOTHER NAME FOR BUSH FALLOWING
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Effects of bush fallowing on agricultural production
Bush fallowing is a system of subsistence agriculture in which land is cultivated for a period of time and then left uncultivated for several years so that its fertility-soil can be restored.
MEANING OF FALLOW LAND
Fallow land is a land that is left uncultivated between planting seasons in order to allow the soil to regenerate and regain its minerals lost. In general terms fallow means a field where nothing in growing or land left not to be cultivated presumptuously
Characteristics OF BUSH FALLOWING
- It is mainly practiced by peasant farmers or poor farmers.
- It involves the use of crude implements like cutlass and hoe
- The family is the main sources of labor input to the farm
- It is common in rural areas with abundant farmlands
- Productivity per unit of land or per unit of labor is low
- Food crops like yam, maize, cassava etc. are grown
- Farmlands are left to fallow after one planting season
- It uses slash or burn method for land preparation
- It is mainly for family consumption or subsistence farming
- It is practiced where population is very low
- Pests and disease are not controlled
- Gathering method of clearing the land is practiced.
ADVANTAGES OF BUSH FALLOWING
• The main advantage of Bush Fallowing is the fact that It is low cost since the equipment used are simple, but this assertion was what I found during one of my research online. So here is a major list the advantages of the use of fallow system of land cultivation
• It ensures continuous sustenance during periods of crop failure although not in all cases
• It can be used to check soil erosion, leaching and weed growth which in my opinion is a fact
• It is very easy to practice as low technology as required- this sometimes is not true as it requires the farmer to start all over again on a new piece of land
• It aids the natural restoration of soil nutrients during the fallow period
• It helps to control plant and diseases and pests
DISADVANTAGES OF BUSH FALLOWING
• There is no provision for expansion In Bush Fallowing, as it does not lead to mechanization
• It leads to wastage of land
• It leads to the destruction of valuable forest resources like timber
• It leads to land fragmentation due to increase in population
• There is no intensive use of fertilizers and manures
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