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WHAT IS BUSH FALLOWING?

bush fallowing
Bush fallowing is a process of allowing a piece of land vacant or rest ,, that is without farming
activities on same piece of land for some period of years say 3-4 years or there about in other to allow the land regain its lost nutrients.

meaning of bush fallowing

THIS PERIOD OF REST IS CALLED FALLOW PERIOD.
Bush fallowing can also be known as shifting cultivation Which following which following which following processes is which

following processes is a natural way of enriching the soil that is naturally lacking in soil nutrient a place where Bush fallowing is carried out for is that the land that is allowed to rest for a period of time known as a Fallow. Will get nutrient naturally instead of the addition of fertilizer and organic

Importance of bush fallowing

THE PROCESS OF ALLOWING THE LAND TO REST IS CALLED FALLOWING.
A fallowed land will have good vegetation and the leaves will fall and decompose to improve soil nutrients.
Nutrients in the fallowed land are recycled. When a farmer leaves a land to fallow, he will go to another piece of Land to farm.

IT SHOULD BE NOTED THAT BUSH FALLOWING IS ESSENTIALLY AND PRACTICALLY POSSIBLE WHERE THERE IS PLENTY OF LAND

And this possible in communities with large hectares of uncultivated Lands so in a situation where Land is scarce or not readily available bush fallowing is not encouraged.

similarities between bush fallowing and shifting cultivation

SHIFTING CULTIVATION IS ANOTHER NAME FOR BUSH FALLOWING

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Effects of bush fallowing on agricultural production

Bush fallowing is a system of subsistence agriculture in which land is cultivated for a period of time and then left uncultivated for several years so that its fertility-soil can be restored.

MEANING OF FALLOW LAND

Fallow land is a land that is left uncultivated between planting seasons in order to allow the soil to regenerate and regain its minerals lost. In general terms fallow means a field where nothing in growing or land left not to be cultivated presumptuously

Characteristics OF BUSH FALLOWING

  1. It is mainly practiced by peasant farmers or poor farmers.
  2. It involves the use of crude implements like cutlass and hoe
  3. The family is the main sources of labor input to the farm
  4. It is common in rural areas with abundant farmlands
  5. Productivity per unit of land or per unit of labor is low
  6. Food crops like yam, maize, cassava etc. are grown
  7. Farmlands are left to fallow after one planting season
  8. It uses slash or burn method for land preparation
  1. It is mainly for family consumption or subsistence farming
  2. It is practiced where population is very low
  3. Pests and disease are not controlled
  4. Gathering method of clearing the land is practiced.

ADVANTAGES OF BUSH FALLOWING

• The main advantage of Bush Fallowing is the fact that It is low cost since the equipment used are simple, but this assertion was what I found during one of my research online. So here is a major list the advantages of the use of fallow system of land cultivation

  1. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS AFFECTING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
  2. DISEASES
    1. SOIL MICRO-ORGANISMS
  3. ORGANIC MANURING
  4. FARM YARD MANURE
  5. HUMUS
  6. COMPOST
  7. CROP ROTATION
  8. GRAZING AND OVER GRAZING
  9. IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE
  10. IRRIGATION SYSTEMS
  11. ORGANIC MANURING
  12. FARM YARD MANURE
  13. HUMUS
  14. COMPOST
  15. CROP ROTATION

  16. GRAZING AND OVER GRAZING

  17. IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE
  18. IRRIGATION SYSTEMS
  19. INCUBATORS
  20. MILKING MACHINE
  21. SIMPLE FARM TOOLS
  22. AGRICULTURAL MECHANIZATION
  23. THE CONCEPT OF MECHANIZATION
  24. PROBLEMS OF MECHANIZATION
  25. SURVEYING AND PLANNING OF FARMSTEAD
  26. IMPORTANCE OF FARM SURVEY
  27. SURVEY EQUIPMENT
  28. PRINCIPLES OF FARM OUTLAY
  29. SUMMARY OF FARM SURVEYING
  30. CROP HUSBANDRY PRACTICES
  31. PESTS AND DISEASE OF MAIZE- ZEA MAYS

  32. CULTIVATION OF MAIZE CROP

  33. OIL PALM
  34. USES OF PALM OIL
  35. MAINTENANCE OF PALM PLANTATION
  36. COCOA
  37. PROCESSES IN COCOA CULTIVATION
    HOLING AND LINING

  38. YAM

  39. LAND PREPARATION FOR YAM
  40. DEPT OF PLANTING
  41. SPACING OF YAM
  42. PLANTING DEPT OF YAM
  43. STORAGE OF YAM
  44. STAKING OF YAM
  45. HARVESTING OF YAM
  46. COWPEA

  47. FORAGE CROP AND PASTURE

  48. FORAGE GRASSES
  49. SILAGE
  50. PASTURE
  51. TYPES OF PASTURE
    COMMON GRASSES AND LEGUMES
  52. GRASSES
  53. LEGUMES
  54. ESTABLISHMENT OF PASTURES
    1. FORAGE PRESERVATION
  55. HAY SILAGE

  56. FORESTRY IMPORTANCE OF FORESTRY 206. FOREST MANAGEMENT FOREST REGULATION DEFORESTATION AFFORESTATION

  57. DISEASES AND PESTS OF CROPS
  58. MAIZE SMUT
  59. RICE BLAST
  60. MAIZE RUST
  61. LEAF SPOT OF GROUNDNUT
  62. COW-PEA MOSAIC
  63. COCOA BLACK POD DISEASE

<_ www.apsnet.org=”www.apsnet.org” edcenter=”edcenter” disandpath=”disandpath” fungalbasidio=”fungalbasidio” pdlessons=”pdlessons” pages=”pages” coffeerust.aspx=”coffeerust.aspx”>COFFEE RUST
68. CASSAVA BACTERIA BLIGHT
69. BLACK ARM BACTERIA BLIGHT OF COTTON
70. TOMATO ROOT KNOT
ON THE EXPIRATION THE DIAPHRAGM
112. HEAT PERIODS OESTROUS CYCLE
113. MATING
114. PARTURITION
115. MAMMARY GLAND
116. LACTATION
117. EGG FORMATION IN POULTRY
118. LIVESTOCK MANAGEMENT
119. MANAGEMENT OF GOATS
120. REPRODUCTION IN GOAT
121. POULTRY
122. POULTRY MANAGEMENT
123. BATTERY CAGE SYSTEM
124. INTENSIVE SYSTEM
125. . SEMI-INTENSIVE EXTENSIVE SYSTEM

PROODING AND REARING IN POULTRY
126. POULTRY SANITATION

127. ANIMAL NUTRITION
128. RATION
129. CONCENTRATE
130. ROUGHAGE
131. NUTRIENT SOURCES AND FUNCTIONS
132. CARBOHYDRATES
133. PROTEIN FATS
134. MINERALS
135. VITAMINS
136. FEEDING MECHANISMS IN HOLOZOIC ORGANISMS
137. TYPES OF DIETS
138. FATTENING OR FINISHING DIETS
139. LAYER DIETS
140. BALANCED DIETS
141. LACTATION DIETS
142. MALNUTRITION
143. DISEASE, CAUSES, SYMPTOM CORRECTION
144. RANGE MANAGEMENT AND IMPROVEMENT
145. LIVESTOCK DISEASES
146. VIRAL DISEASES
147. RINDER PESTS
148. NEWCASTLE DISEASE
149. BACTERIA DISEASES
150. ANTHRAX
151. BRUCELLOSIS
152. TUBERCULOSIS
153. FUNGAL DISEASES

  1. PROTOZOAN DISEASES
  2. TRYPONOSOMIASIS
  3. COCCIDIOSIS
  4. RED WATER FEVER(PIROPLASMOSIS)
  5. ENDO PARASITES
  6. TAPE WORM
  7. ROUND WORM OF PIGS
  8. LIVER FLUKE
  9. ECTO PARASITES
  10. TICK
  11. LICE

• It ensures continuous sustenance during periods of crop failure although not in all cases
• It can be used to check soil erosion, leaching and weed growth which in my opinion is a fact
• It is very easy to practice as low technology as required- this sometimes is not true as it requires the farmer to start all over again on a new piece of land
• It aids the natural restoration of soil nutrients during the fallow period
• It helps to control plant and diseases and pests

DISADVANTAGES OF BUSH FALLOWING

• There is no provision for expansion In Bush Fallowing, as it does not lead to mechanization
• It leads to wastage of land
• It leads to the destruction of valuable forest resources like timber
• It leads to land fragmentation due to increase in population
• There is no intensive use of fertilizers and manures

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