WHAT ARE THE PROBLEMS FACING AGRICULTURE DEVELOPMENT AND POSSIBLE SOLUTION Agricultural development are usually hindered by the following problems.
Inadequacy of land facing agriculture development
Lack of finance and credit facilities facing development of agriculture :
most of the farmers do not have source of credit facilities to increase their production due to high interest rate and lack of collateral security.
i. Farmers should form cooperative societies.
ii. Government should assist the farmers by providing loan.
iii. Interest rate must be reduced to encourage the use of loan.
Lack of basic amenities affecting the development of agriculture
basic amenities such as water, healthcare, electricity are lacking and these affects agricultural development.
i. Government should provide drinkable water, electricity and healthcare system for farmers
ii. Community development should be encouraged among farmers.
Lack of storage and processing facilities:
this is one of the major problem facing agricultural development due to inadequate storage facilities.
Solutions to lack of agricultural facilities:
i. The government should assist the farmers by providing storage facilities
ii. Farmers should form cooperative societies to build storage and processing facilities
Lack of transportation system in agriculture:
the rural areas lack good roads and this increases the cost of transporting farm produce to the market.
i. Government should construct good roads.
ii. More motor vehicles should be provided for the farmers.
Inadequate farm inputs:
i. Government should assist the farmers to secure farm inputs at subsided price
ii. Farm inputs should be supplied to the farmers at the right time
Imperfect marketing system affect the development of agriculture
due to lack of storage facilities farmers find it difficult to control the price of the farm produce, they sell at reduce prices.
i. The farmers should form union in order to control the price
ii. The government should create an ideal marketing environment for the farmer.
Lack of agricultural education and extension can affect the development of agriculture :
i. More extension agents should be employed by the government
ii. Non-governmental organization must be involved in educating the farmers read more here
iii. Government should embark on anti-illiteracy campaign.
Problems of environmental degradation is another factor affecting the development of agriculture :
the effects of soil erosion, flooding and pollution of the environment affects crops and animal production.
i. Erosion control must be embarked upon by the government
ii. Farmers must be trained on environment management.
Problems of diseases and pests is a major problem facing the development of agriculture :
i. Farmers must be supplied with insecticides and chemicals at subsidized price.
ii. Government should establish pest and diseases control unit.