PROBLEMS FACING AGRICULTURE DEVELOPMENT AND SOLUTION

WHAT ARE THE PROBLEMS FACING AGRICULTURE  DEVELOPMENT AND POSSIBLE SOLUTION

Agricultural development are usually hindered by the following problems.

1.

Inadequacy of land facing agriculture development

: land is one of the major problems hindering agricultural development, due to the type of land tenure system being adopted. Also the soil erosion affects the use of land.

Solutions to :
i. land management practices must be carried out e.g. crop rotation
ii. government must assist the farmers to get land
iii. Fertilizer application must be encouraged.

2.

Lack of finance and credit facilities facing development of agriculture :

most of the farmers do not have source of credit facilities to increase their production due to high interest rate and lack of collateral security.
Solutions:
i. Farmers should form cooperative societies.
ii. Government should assist the farmers by providing loan.
iii. Interest rate must be reduced to encourage the use of loan.

3.

Lack of basic amenities affecting the development of agriculture

basic amenities such as water, healthcare, electricity are lacking and these affects agricultural development.
Solutions:
i. Government should provide drinkable water, electricity and healthcare system for farmers
ii. Community development should be encouraged among farmers.

4.

Lack of storage and processing facilities:

this is one of the major problem facing agricultural development due to inadequate storage facilities.

Solutions to lack of agricultural facilities:
i. The government should assist the farmers by providing storage facilities
ii. Farmers should form cooperative societies to build storage and processing facilities

5.

Lack of transportation system in agriculture:

the rural areas lack good roads and this increases the cost of transporting farm produce to the market.

Solutions:
i. Government should construct good roads.
ii. More motor vehicles should be provided for the farmers.

6.

Inadequate farm inputs:

farmers do not have farm inputs such as tools, chemicals and farm machinery because they are too expensive to buy and they are not timely in supply.

Solutions:
i. Government should assist the farmers to secure farm inputs at subsided price
ii. Farm inputs should be supplied to the farmers at the right time.

7.

Imperfect marketing system affect the development of agriculture

due to lack of storage facilities farmers find it difficult to control the price of the farm produce, they sell at reduce prices.

Solutions:
i. The farmers should form union in order to control the price
ii. The government should create an ideal marketing environment for the farmer.

8.

Lack of agricultural education and extension can affect the development of agriculture :

most of the farmers are illiterate and cannot adopt modern innovation or technology in agriculture. They are not supervised by the extension agents.

Solutions:
i. More extension agents should be employed by the government
ii. Non-governmental organization must be involved in educating the farmers
iii. Government should embark on anti-illiteracy campaign.

9.

Problems of environmental degradation is another factor affecting the development of agriculture :

the effects of soil erosion, flooding and pollution of the environment affects crops and animal production.

Solutions:
i. Erosion control must be embarked upon by the government
ii. Farmers must be trained on environment management.

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WEED AND THEIR BOTANICAL NAMES
1. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS AFFECTING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
2. DISEASES
3. 52. SOIL MICRO-ORGANISMS
4. ORGANIC MANURING
5. FARM YARD MANURE
6. HUMUS
7. COMPOST
8. CROP ROTATION
9. GRAZING AND OVER GRAZING
10. IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE
11. IRRIGATION SYSTEMS
12. ORGANIC MANURING
13. FARM YARD MANURE
14. HUMUS
15. COMPOST
16. CROP ROTATION

18. IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE
19. IRRIGATION SYSTEMS
20. INCUBATORS
21. MILKING MACHINE
22. SIMPLE FARM TOOLS
23. AGRICULTURAL MECHANIZATION
24. THE CONCEPT OF MECHANIZATION
25. PROBLEMS OF MECHANIZATION
26. SURVEYING AND PLANNING OF FARMSTEAD
27. IMPORTANCE OF FARM SURVEY
28. SURVEY EQUIPMENT
29. PRINCIPLES OF FARM OUTLAY
30. SUMMARY OF FARM SURVEYING
31. CROP HUSBANDRY PRACTICES
32. PESTS AND DISEASE OF MAIZE- ZEA MAYS
33. CULTIVATION OF MAIZE CROP
34. OIL PALM
35. USES OF PALM OIL
36. MAINTENANCE OF PALM PLANTATION
37. COCOA
38.
39. PROCESSES IN COCOA CULTIVATION
HOLING AND LINING
40. YAM
41. LAND PREPARATION FOR YAM
42. DEPT OF PLANTING
43. SPACING OF YAM
44. PLANTING DEPT OF YAM
45. STORAGE OF YAM
46. STAKING OF YAM
47. HARVESTING OF YAM
48. COWPEA
JUTE
49. FORAGE CROP AND PASTURE
50. FORAGE GRASSES
51. SILAGE
52. PASTURE
53. TYPES OF PASTURE
COMMON GRASSES AND LEGUMES
54. GRASSES
55. LEGUMES
56. ESTABLISHMENT OF PASTURES
57. 201. FORAGE PRESERVATION
58. HAY SILAGE
59. FORESTRY IMPORTANCE OF FORESTRY 206. FOREST MANAGEMENT FOREST REGULATION DEFORESTATION AFFORESTATION
60. DISEASES AND PESTS OF CROPS
61. MAIZE SMUT
62. RICE BLAST
63. MAIZE RUST
64. LEAF SPOT OF GROUNDNUT
65. COW-PEA MOSAIC
66. COCOA BLACK POD DISEASE
67. <ahref=”https: www.apsnet.org=”” edcenter=”” disandpath=”” fungalbasidio=”” pdlessons=”” pages=”” coffeerust.aspx”=””>COFFEE RUST
68. CASSAVA BACTERIA BLIGHT
69. BLACK ARM BACTERIA BLIGHT OF COTTON
70. TOMATO ROOT KNOT
71. DAMPING-OFF OF TOMATO
72. ONION DOWNY MILDEW
73. STORED PRODUCE MOULD
74. PESTS OF CROPS
75. STEM BORERS
76. ARMY WORM

77. COCOA MIRIDS(CAPSIDS)
78. APHIDS
79. WHITE FLY SEED BUGS
80. CASSAVA CULTIVATION
81. CASSAVA MEALYBUGS
82. VARIEGATED GRASSHOPPER
83. GREEN SPIDER MITE
84. COTTON STAINER
85. COTTON</ahref=”https:>

89. LEAF ROLLER
90. BEAN BEETLE
91. RICE WEEVILS
92. . PROBLEMS WITH PESTS CONTROL
93. CROP IMPROVEMENT
94. PROCESS OF CROP IMPROVEMENT METHODS OF CROP IMPROVEMENT
95. HYBRIDIZATION OF CROPS
96. ANIMAL PRODUCTION
97. THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM OF ANIMALS
98. THE LARGE AND SMALL INTESTINE
99. RUMINANT ANIMALS
100. THE NERVOUS SYSTEM
101. THE NEURONS
102. A SYNAPSE ACTION IMPULSE REFLEX ACTION VOLUNTARY ACTION
103. THE CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM
104. PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM
105. THE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM MALE AND FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM
106. REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM OF BIRDS
107. THE CIRCULATORY SYSTEM
108. THE PULMONARY CIRCULATION
109. THE HEART
110. THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM
111. THE TRACHEA INSPIRATION THE EXPIRATION THE DIAPHRAGM
112. HEAT PERIODS OESTROUS CYCLE
113. MATING
114. PARTURITION
115. MAMMARY GLAND
116. LACTATION
117. EGG FORMATION IN POULTRY
118. LIVESTOCK MANAGEMENT
119. MANAGEMENT OF GOATS
120. REPRODUCTION IN GOAT
121. POULTRY
122. POULTRY MANAGEMENT
123. BATTERY CAGE SYSTEM
124. INTENSIVE SYSTEM
125. . SEMI-INTENSIVE EXTENSIVE SYSTEM

PROODING AND REARING IN POULTRY
126. POULTRY SANITATION

127. ANIMAL NUTRITION
128. RATION
129. CONCENTRATE
130. ROUGHAGE
131. NUTRIENT SOURCES AND FUNCTIONS
132. CARBOHYDRATES
133. PROTEIN FATS
134. MINERALS
135. VITAMINS
136. FEEDING MECHANISMS IN HOLOZOIC ORGANISMS
137. TYPES OF DIETS
138. FATTENING OR FINISHING DIETS
139. LAYER DIETS
140. BALANCED DIETS
141. LACTATION DIETS
142. MALNUTRITION

147. RINDER PESTS
148. NEWCASTLE DISEASE
149. BACTERIA DISEASES
150. ANTHRAX
151. BRUCELLOSIS
152. TUBERCULOSIS
153. FUNGAL DISEASES

154. PROTOZOAN DISEASES
155. TRYPONOSOMIASIS
156. COCCIDIOSIS
157. RED FEVER(PIROPLASMOSIS)
158. ENDO PARASITES
159. TAPE WORM
160. ROUND WORM OF PIGS
161. LIVER FLUKE
162. ECTO PARASITES
163. TICK
164. LICE

Problems of diseases and pests is a major problem facing the development of agriculture :

diseases and pests destroys and reduce the yield of crops and animals. It is expensive to control and adds extra cost to production cost there by reducing the profit of the farmers.

Solutions:
i. Farmers must be supplied with insecticides and chemicals at subsidized price.
ii. Government should establish pest and diseases control unit.

problems facing the development of agriculture
problems of agriculture

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