population impact

what is agriculture

what is agriculture and branches of agriculture. agricultural is types and its branches can be seen below Agriculture is the term used to describe the act of growing crops and rearing livestock for human consumption and use. for students who wants to write exams or project then you have come to the right place. For anyone who wants to go into organic agriculture or agriculture in general then you must understand the the various types of agriculture to begin with. Here are the various subject covered in this post.

Quiz on different types of Branches...
Quiz on different types of Branches in Biology - Examsegg Biology

Table of contents for types of agriculture

Types of agriculture and branches

types of agriculture
commercial agriculture
agriculture is divided into two different types, including industrialized agriculture and subsistence agriculture
. Let’s explore and learn more about these two types of agriculture. What this means is for a broader learning agriculture or Farming practices is grouped into two major section which are commercial agriculture and subsistence agriculture.
But to understand the subject of agricultural types then you must also note that there are so many other reason why people go into agriculture.
In reality if the question is thrown out that you should name the types of agriculture based on the reason they are practiced then you can just mention commercial agricultures and subsistence agricultur.
  1. b
Don’t worry I will take you through this subject in a very simple manner.
Remember if you think you are very conversant with the various types of agricultur then feel free to explore some of our other written post on different topics on agricultural science.
You can also leave us your comment and we’ll be glad to assist you with any of your question. So let’s read on

All over the world, there are basically two types of agriculture.
These are
1. Explain the term subsistence and commercial Agriculture
2. List and differentiate the various areas of specialization in agriculture

what is SUBSISTENCE AGRICULTURE

This is the type of agriculture where the farmer produces food just enough for his family consumption. In time of good harvest the surplus is sold for extra cash.

The basic idea and aim of a subsistence farmer is to be able to feed his family. Hold on are we saying that the sole reason for a farmer going into agriculture can be just to get food for his immediate family? Yes you are correct if you think that way too much

Remember that behind everything in life there is a motive of making money so we can’t narrow the reason for a subsistence farming system to food alone.

CHARACTERISTICS OF SUBSISTENCE AGRICULTURE AS A TYPE OF AGRICULTURE

Here we are. So how do we identify who is a subsistence agricultural farmer? This question whenever it props up simply means the characteristics whereby one can recognize farmers who are into small scale farming.

These characters can be seen bellow although not limited to these alone so feel free using our comment box to add yours.  farming systems. agricultural development

As a student of agricultur you can pick the outlined features of subsistence agriculture

  1. The farms are very small when dealing with such farming system due to land tenure system practices in some communities
  2. Subsistence agriculture is Characterized by the use of simple farm tools such s hoes, cutlasses, axe and others for crop cultivation
  3. Usually mixed cropping  system of farming is the most important character of subsistence agriculture. The planting of many different types of crops on a small piece of land
  4. The farm workers are usually the farmer and his immediate family because they are poor
  5. most of the farmers are usually very poor and so are widely practiced in rural areas
  6. They generally don’t have access to fertilizers.

WHAT IS COMMERCIAL AGRICULTURE

This type of agricultur is where the farmer produces crops for the sole purpose of making money 💵

Well here we are on a broad subject which earlier discussed in one of my classes and post. The study or practice of commercial agricultur is whole lot deeper than I can cover here but not withstanding let’s move on.

We all know that anything commercial has to do with public space. So if commercial agricultur is a major type of agriculture, we then have no choice but to look into in general.

CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL AGRICULTURE TYPE OF AGRICULTURE

Here I am going to try and list the various character of this system of farming as a type of agricultur Don’t get bored but if you are please stay on a little while I treat this subject a little

  1. With this  type of agricultur, the large areas of lands is usually required for cultivation

2.modern farm machines and equipment are commonly used in commercial AGRICULTUR which is a type of agriculture  Industrialization

3.it requires large sum of money to start. read about farm credits and finance here Usually involves large organizations.

Examples of such companies in Nigeria that are into commercial agriculture are as follows:

1.Temperance farms. Otta Ogun state,
2. John Holt Farms limited in Edo state,
3. Leventis farms limited Agenebode in Edo State.

Other types of agriculture include the following

cultivation is commonly practiced in the tropics.
Nomadic Herding.
Rudimentary Sedentary Tillage.
Commercial Plantations.
Mixed Farming.
Specialized Horticulture.
Subsistence Farming.

Livestock farming is a type of agriculture

Livestock farming is a type of agriculture where the farm rears various types of farm animals for commercial purposes. Livestock animals include

  1. Goat
  2. Sheep
  3. Cattle
  4. Pig
  5. Rabbit
  6. Grasscutter
  7. Poultry birds
  8. Snail
Normadic type of agriculture

This type of agriculture involves the movement of farmers with their herdsmen from one place to another in search of pasture land and grasses.

pastoral or pastoral type of agriculture

This type of agriculture involves the growing of pastures and grasses for commercial purposes like selling them to ranch.

Ranching type of agriculture

This a system of farming or agriculture where animals are kept in a ranch or fenced farm yard. This type of agriculture requires funds and Large hectares of land

shifting cultivation typs

 TYPES AND BRANCHES  OF AGRICULTURE

there are many fields of discipline in Agriculture, these are

Soil Science

:soil is the natural materials on which crops or plants grow.The branch of science which studies the Soil is known as soil science.

Crop science

:this is the branch of science deals with the growing of crops

Fishery

:this branch Of science deals the production of fish

Forestry and wildlife :

this branch of Agricultur is concerned with the growing of trees and maintenance of animals in the forests

AREAS OF SPECIALIZATION IN AGRICULTUR

SOIL SCIENCE…

soil is the natural material on which plant-crop grows. The science that deals or studies the soil is called soil science. The type and nature of soil on which crops are grown is very important to the farmer.

WHAT IS CROP SCIENCE

this is the science which deals with the study of crops and its type. For crops to do well, it is important to know their different parts and nature to ensure that the best solution is proffered to taking of them.

FISHERY…

fishery is the branch of Agriculture which is concerned with the production of fish and other related aquatic animals in the farm.

FORESTRY AND WILDLIFE…

this is the branch of Agriculture that is concerned with growing, management and maintenance of trees and animals in the forest.

AGRICULTURAL EDUCATION…

this is the branch of Agricultur which deals with the training of farmers and other farming related workers.

VETERINARY MEDICINE…

this is the branch of Agricultur which deals with the study of diseases of farm Animals.

AGRICULTURE ECONOMICS…

this is the branch of Agriculture which teaches the farmer how to properly manage and run their farm in order to get more money.

AGRICULTURE EXTENSION…

this is the Area of Agricultur which is concerned with how to help farmers to help themselves. Extension involves teaching rural people in their homes and farms. They are majorly government workers from the ministry of Agriculture. They are involved in teaching and guiding farmers to understanding new ways or modern techniques of plant practices for better yield.

AGRICULTURAL ENGINEERING..

This is the area of Agricultur that deals with study of farm tools and machinery used in farm work.

10.

WHAT IS ANIMAL SCIENCE..

This is the science that deals with the study of farm animals or livestock. The common farm animals are Goats, Cattle, Sheep, Pig, Fowl, Duck and many others.

11.

HORTICULTURE.

This is the branch of crop science which deals with vegetables, fruits, and ornamental plants or flowers.

Horticulture therefore is divided into three areas. Namely

i. OLERICULTURE which deals with vegetable production.
ii. FLORICULTURE deals with the production of ornamental plants.
iii. POMOLOGY which deals with the production of fruits

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public enterprises

private enterprises

limited liability companies

migration

shares

population

money market

raises funds for expansion

WEED AND THEIR BOTANICAL NAMES
1. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS AFFECTING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
2. DISEASES
3. 52. SOIL MICRO-ORGANISMS
4. ORGANIC MANURING
5. FARM YARD MANURE
6. HUMUGRAZING AND OVER GRAZING
10. IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGES

7. COMPOST
8. CROP ROTATION
9.
11. IRRIGATION SYSTEMS
12. ORGANIC MANURING
13. FARM YARD MANURE
14. HUMUS
15. COMPOST
16. CROP ROTATION

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