what is agriculture and branches of agriculture. agricultural is types and its branches can be seen below Agriculture is the term used to describe the act of growing crops and rearing livestock for human consumption and use. for students who wants to write exams or project then you have come to the right place. For anyone who wants to go into organic agriculture or agriculture in general then you must understand the the various types of agriculture to begin with. Here are the various subject covered in this post.
Table of contents for types of agriculture
- Subsistence type of agriculture
- Commercial type of agriculture
- Plantation farming
- Livestock Farming
- Fallow farming system of agriculture
- Communal farming
- system Shifting Cultivation.
- Shifting cultivation is commonly practiced in the tropics.
- Nomadic Herding.
- Rudimentary Sedentary Tillage.
- Livestock Ranching/Pastoral Farming. …
- Commercial Plantations.
- Mixed Farming.
- Specialized Horticulture. Subsistence Farming.
Types of agriculture and branches
All over the world, there are basically two types of agriculture.
1. Explain the term subsistence and commercial Agriculture
2. List and differentiate the various areas of specialization in agriculture
what is SUBSISTENCE AGRICULTURE
This is the type of agriculture where the farmer produces food just enough for his family consumption. In time of good harvest the surplus is sold for extra cash.
The basic idea and aim of a subsistence farmer is to be able to feed his family. Hold on are we saying that the sole reason for a farmer going into agriculture can be just to get food for his immediate family? Yes you are correct if you think that way too much
Remember that behind everything in life there is a motive of making money so we can’t narrow the reason for a subsistence farming system to food alone.
CHARACTERISTICS OF SUBSISTENCE AGRICULTURE AS A TYPE OF AGRICULTURE
Here we are. So how do we identify who is a subsistence agricultural farmer? This question whenever it props up simply means the characteristics whereby one can recognize farmers who are into small scale farming.
These characters can be seen bellow although not limited to these alone so feel free using our comment box to add yours.
As a student of agricultur you can pick the outlined features of subsistence agriculture
- The farms are very small when dealing with such farming system due to land tenure system practices in some communities
- Subsistence agriculture is Characterized by the use of simple farm tools such s hoes, cutlasses, axe and others for crop cultivation
- Usually mixed cropping system of farming is the most important character of subsistence agriculture. The planting of many different types of crops on a small piece of land
- The farm workers are usually the farmer and his immediate family because they are poor
- most of the farmers are usually very poor and so are widely practiced in rural areas
- They generally don’t have access to fertilizers.
WHAT IS COMMERCIAL AGRICULTURE
This type of agricultur is where the farmer produces crops for the sole purpose of making money 💵
Well here we are on a broad subject which earlier discussed in one of my classes and post. The study or practice of commercial agricultur is whole lot deeper than I can cover here but not withstanding let’s move on.
We all know that anything commercial has to do with public space. So if commercial agricultur is a major type of agriculture, we then have no choice but to look into in general.
CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL AGRICULTURE TYPE OF AGRICULTURE
Here I am going to try and list the various character of this system of farming as a type of agricultur Don’t get bored but if you are please stay on a little while I treat this subject a little
- With this type of agricultur, the large areas of lands is usually required for cultivation
2.modern farm machines and equipment are commonly used in commercial AGRICULTUR which is a type of agriculture
3.it requires large sum of money to start. read about farm credits and finance here Usually involves large organizations.
Examples of such companies in Nigeria that are into commercial agriculture are as follows:
1.Temperance farms. Otta Ogun state,
2. John Holt Farms limited in Edo state,
3. Leventis farms limited Agenebode in Edo State.
Other types of agriculture include the following
Livestock farming is a type of agriculture
Livestock farming is a type of agriculture where the farm rears various types of farm animals for commercial purposes. Livestock animals include
Normadic type of agriculture
This type of agriculture involves the movement of farmers with their herdsmen from one place to another in search of pasture land and grasses.
pastoral or pastoral type of agriculture
This type of agriculture involves the growing of pastures and grasses for commercial purposes like selling them to ranch.
Ranching type of agriculture
This a system of farming or agriculture where animals are kept in a ranch or fenced farm yard. This type of agriculture requires funds and Large hectares of land
shifting cultivation typs
TYPES AND BRANCHES OF AGRICULTURE
:soil is the natural materials on which crops or plants grow.The branch of science which studies the Soil is known as soil science.
:this is the branch of science deals with the growing of crops
:this branch Of science deals the production of fish
Forestry and wildlife :
this branch of Agricultur is concerned with the growing of trees and maintenance of animals in the forests
AREAS OF SPECIALIZATION IN AGRICULTUR
soil is the natural material on which plant-crop grows. The science that deals or studies the soil is called soil science. The type and nature of soil on which crops are grown is very important to the farmer.
WHAT IS CROP SCIENCE
this is the science which deals with the study of crops and its type. For crops to do well, it is important to know their different parts and nature to ensure that the best solution is proffered to taking of them.
fishery is the branch of Agriculture which is concerned with the production of fish and other related aquatic animals in the farm.
FORESTRY AND WILDLIFE…
this is the branch of Agriculture that is concerned with growing, management and maintenance of trees and animals in the forest.
this is the branch of Agricultur which deals with the training of farmers and other farming related workers.
this is the branch of Agricultur which deals with the study of diseases of farm Animals.
this is the branch of Agriculture which teaches the farmer how to properly manage and run their farm in order to get more money.
this is the Area of Agricultur which is concerned with how to help farmers to help themselves. Extension involves teaching rural people in their homes and farms. They are majorly government workers from the ministry of Agriculture. They are involved in teaching and guiding farmers to understanding new ways or modern techniques of plant practices for better yield.
This is the area of Agricultur that deals with study of farm tools and machinery used in farm work.
WHAT IS ANIMAL SCIENCE..
This is the science that deals with the study of farm animals or livestock. The common farm animals are Goats, Cattle, Sheep, Pig, Fowl, Duck and many others.
This is the branch of crop science which deals with vegetables, fruits, and ornamental plants or flowers.
Horticulture therefore is divided into three areas. Namely
i. OLERICULTURE which deals with vegetable production.
ii. FLORICULTURE deals with the production of ornamental plants.
iii. POMOLOGY which deals with the production of fruits
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WEED AND THEIR BOTANICAL NAMES
1. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS AFFECTING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
3. 52. SOIL MICRO-ORGANISMS
4. ORGANIC MANURING
5. FARM YARD MANURE
6. HUMUGRAZING AND OVER GRAZING
10. IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGES
8. CROP ROTATION
11. IRRIGATION SYSTEMS
12. ORGANIC MANURING
13. FARM YARD MANURE
16. CROP ROTATION
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